G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
G00002282
Gene symbol
NCDN (HGNC)
Species
Homo sapiens
Description
neurochondrin
Orthologue
G00001033 (Mus musculus)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000059204 (Vega human gene)
Gene
ENSG00000020129 (Ensembl human gene)
23154 (Entrez Gene)
1073 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
NCDN (GeneCards)
Literature
608458 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:17597 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q9Y4D9 (UniProt)

Synonyms (2)

  • NCDN-1
  • NCDN-2

Literature (8)

Pubmed - other

  • Neurochondrin negatively regulates CaMKII phosphorylation, and nervous system-specific gene disruption results in epileptic seizure.

    Dateki M, Horii T, Kasuya Y, Mochizuki R, Nagao Y, Ishida J, Sugiyama F, Tanimoto K, Yagami K, Imai H and Fukamizu A

    Center for Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan.

    Neurochondrin is a novel cytoplasmic protein and possibly involved in neurite outgrowth, chondrocyte differentiation, and bone metabolism. Our previous trial in disclosing its role by the loss of function in mice failed because of the lethality in utero. In this study, we eliminated the neurochondrin gene expression preferentially in the nervous system by the conditional knockout strategy. Our results showed that neurochondrin is a negative regulator of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II phosphorylation and essential for the spatial learning process but not for the differentiation or neurite outgrowth of the neuron. In addition, the nervous system-specific homozygous gene disruption resulted in epileptic seizure.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2005;280;21;20503-8

  • Targeted disruption of the neurochondrin/norbin gene results in embryonic lethality.

    Mochizuki R, Dateki M, Yanai K, Ishizuka Y, Amizuka N, Kawashima H, Koga Y, Ozawa H and Fukamizu A

    Center for Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan.

    Neurochondrin/norbin is a cytoplasmic protein involved in dendrite outgrowth. The expression of the gene has been restricted to neural, bone, and chondral tissues. To identify the functions of the gene in vivo, we have generated mice with a disrupted mutation in the neurochondrin/norbin gene. Histological analysis of heterozygous mutant mice indicates the possibility of specific functions of neurochondrin/norbin in chondrocyte differentiation. We defined the expression patterns of neurochondrin/norbin-lacZ fusion protein in the central nervous system. In the developing olfactory bulb, beta-galactosidase activity was detected in the mantle layer at 12.5 dpc and the strongest activity was detected in the presumptive mitral or tufted cell layer at 15.5 dpc. beta-Galactosidase activity was also detected in the lateral choroid plexus. In homozygous (-/-) mutant mice, the disruption of the neurochondrin/norbin gene leads to early embryonic death between 3.5 and 6.5 dpc. This result indicates that neurochondrin/norbin gene function is essential for the early embryogenesis.

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2003;310;4;1219-26

  • The Chediak-Higashi protein interacts with SNARE complex and signal transduction proteins.

    Tchernev VT, Mansfield TA, Giot L, Kumar AM, Nandabalan K, Li Y, Mishra VS, Detter JC, Rothberg JM, Wallace MR, Southwick FS and Kingsmore SF

    CuraGen Corporation, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. velizart@molecularstaging.com

    Background: Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is an inherited immunodeficiency disease characterized by giant lysosomes and impaired leukocyte degranulation. CHS results from mutations in the lysosomal trafficking regulator (LYST) gene, which encodes a 425-kD cytoplasmic protein of unknown function. The goal of this study was to identify proteins that interact with LYST as a first step in understanding how LYST modulates lysosomal exocytosis.

    Fourteen cDNA fragments, covering the entire coding domain of LYST, were used as baits to screen five human cDNA libraries by a yeast two-hybrid method, modified to allow screening in the activation and the binding domain, three selectable markers, and more stringent confirmation procedures. Five of the interactions were confirmed by an in vitro binding assay.

    Results: Twenty-one proteins that interact with LYST were identified in yeast two-hybrid screens. Four interactions, confirmed directly, were with proteins important in vesicular transport and signal transduction (the SNARE-complex protein HRS, 14-3-3, and casein kinase II).

    Conclusions: On the basis of protein interactions, LYST appears to function as an adapter protein that may juxtapose proteins that mediate intracellular membrane fusion reactions. The pathologic manifestations observed in CHS patients and in mice with the homologous mutation beige suggest that understanding the role of LYST may be relevant to the treatment of not only CHS but also of diseases such as asthma, urticaria, and lupus, as well as to the molecular dissection of the CHS-associated cancer predisposition.

    Funded by: NIAID NIH HHS: P01 AI039824; NICHD NIH HHS: U19 HD077693

    Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2002;8;1;56-64

  • Semaphorin 4C, a transmembrane semaphorin, [corrected] associates with a neurite-outgrowth-related protein, SFAP75.

    Ohoka Y, Hirotani M, Sugimoto H, Fujioka S, Furuyama T and Inagaki S

    Group of Neurobiology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Osaka University Faculty of Medicine, Yamadaoka 1-7, Suita-shi, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan. yohoka@sahs.med.osaka-u.ac.jp

    Semaphorin 4C (S4C, previously called M-SemaF) was recently identified as a brain rich transmembrane member of semaphorin family of the vertebrate. In the cytoplasmic domain of S4C there is a proline-rich region suggesting that the cytoplasmic domain may play an important role in Sema4C function. In this study, we have identified the cytoplasmic domain (cd) of M-SemaF(S4C)-associating protein with a Mr of 75 kDa, named SFAP75, from mouse brain. SFAP75 turned out to be the same as the recently reported neurite-outgrowth-related protein named Norbin. Deletion mutants analyses of S4C and SFAP75 revealed that the membrane-proximal region of S4Ccd binds to the intermediate region of SFAP75. Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses with anti-Sema4C and anti-SFAP75 antibodies indicated that S4C and SFAP75 were specially enriched in the brain with a similar distribution pattern to each other. These results suggest that S4C interacts with SFAP75 and plays a role in neural function in brain.

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2001;280;1;237-43

  • Corrigendum to 'Molecular cloning and expression of human neurochondrin-1 and -2'(1).

    Mochizuki R, Ishizuka Y, Yanai K, Murakami K, Koga Y and Fukamizu A

    Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Research Center, Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals, Osaka, Japan.

    Biochimica et biophysica acta 2000;1490;3;367-8

  • Molecular cloning and expression of human neurochondrin-1 and -2.

    Mochizuki R, Ishizuka Y, Yanai K, Koga Y, Fukamizu A and Murakami K

    Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Research Center, Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals, Osaka, Japan.

    Human neurochondrins have been cloned from a brain cDNA library. The human neurochondrin-1 and -2 predict leucine-rich (15.8 and 15.9%) proteins of 729 and 712 amino acid residues, with molecular weights of 78.9 and 77.2 kDa, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequence indicates 98% identity among human, mouse and rat species. Northern analysis indicates that about 4 kb human neurochondrin mRNAs are abundant in the fetal and the adult brain.

    Biochimica et biophysica acta 1999;1446;3;397-402

  • Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. IX. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which can code for large proteins in vitro.

    Nagase T, Ishikawa K, Miyajima N, Tanaka A, Kotani H, Nomura N and Ohara O

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan.

    As an extension of a series of projects for sequencing human cDNA clones derived from relatively long transcripts, we herein report the entire sequences of 100 newly determined cDNA clones with the potential of coding for large proteins in vitro. The cDNA clones were isolated from size-fractionated human brain cDNA libraries with insert sizes between 4.5 and 8.3 kb. The sequencing of these clones revealed that the average size of the cDNA inserts and of their open reading frames was 5.3 kb and 2.8 kb (930 amino acid residues), respectively. Homology search against public databases indicated that the predicted coding sequences of 86 clones exhibited significant similarities to known genes; 51 of them (59%) were related to those for cell signaling/communication, nucleic acid management, and cell structure/motility. All the clones characterized in this study are accompanied by their expression profiles in 14 human tissues examined by reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction and the chromosomal mapping data.

    DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1998;5;1;31-9

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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