G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
myosin IB
G00000769 (Mus musculus)

Databases (7)

ENSG00000128641 (Ensembl human gene)
4430 (Entrez Gene)
176 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
MYO1B (GeneCards)
606537 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:7596 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
O43795 (UniProt)

Synonyms (1)

  • myr1

Literature (12)

Pubmed - other

  • Myosin I can act as a molecular force sensor.

    Laakso JM, Lewis JH, Shuman H and Ostap EM

    Pennsylvania Muscle Institute and Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

    The ability to sense molecular tension is crucial for a wide array of cellular processes, including the detection of auditory stimuli, control of cell shape, and internalization and transport of membranes. We show that myosin I, a motor protein that has been implicated in powering key steps in these processes, dramatically alters its motile properties in response to tension. We measured the displacement generated by single myosin I molecules, and we determined the actin-attachment kinetics with varying tensions using an optical trap. The rate of myosin I detachment from actin decreases >75-fold under tension of 2 piconewtons or less, resulting in myosin I transitioning from a low (<0.2) to a high (>0.9) duty-ratio motor. This impressive tension sensitivity supports a role for myosin I as a molecular force sensor.

    Funded by: NIAMS NIH HHS: AR051174, P01 AR051174, P01 AR051174-050003; NIGMS NIH HHS: GM057247, R01 GM057247, R01 GM057247-10

    Science (New York, N.Y.) 2008;321;5885;133-6

  • Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry.

    Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, Li H, Taylor P, Climie S, McBroom-Cerajewski L, Robinson MD, O'Connor L, Li M, Taylor R, Dharsee M, Ho Y, Heilbut A, Moore L, Zhang S, Ornatsky O, Bukhman YV, Ethier M, Sheng Y, Vasilescu J, Abu-Farha M, Lambert JP, Duewel HS, Stewart II, Kuehl B, Hogue K, Colwill K, Gladwish K, Muskat B, Kinach R, Adams SL, Moran MF, Morin GB, Topaloglou T and Figeys D

    Protana, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    Mapping protein-protein interactions is an invaluable tool for understanding protein function. Here, we report the first large-scale study of protein-protein interactions in human cells using a mass spectrometry-based approach. The study maps protein interactions for 338 bait proteins that were selected based on known or suspected disease and functional associations. Large-scale immunoprecipitation of Flag-tagged versions of these proteins followed by LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis resulted in the identification of 24,540 potential protein interactions. False positives and redundant hits were filtered out using empirical criteria and a calculated interaction confidence score, producing a data set of 6463 interactions between 2235 distinct proteins. This data set was further cross-validated using previously published and predicted human protein interactions. In-depth mining of the data set shows that it represents a valuable source of novel protein-protein interactions with relevance to human diseases. In addition, via our preliminary analysis, we report many novel protein interactions and pathway associations.

    Molecular systems biology 2007;3;89

  • Myosin Ib modulates the morphology and the protein transport within multi-vesicular sorting endosomes.

    Salas-Cortes L, Ye F, Tenza D, Wilhelm C, Theos A, Louvard D, Raposo G and Coudrier E

    Institut Curie, CNRS UMR144, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248, Paris, Cedex 05, France.

    Members of at least four classes of myosin (I, II, V and VI) have been implicated in the dynamics of a large variety of organelles. Despite their common motor domain structure, some of these myosins, however, are non processive and cannot move organelles along the actin tracks. Here, we demonstrate in the human pigmented MNT-1 cell line that, (1) the overexpression of one of these myosins, myosin 1b, or the addition of cytochalasin D affects the morphology of the sorting multivesicular endosomes; (2) the overexpression of myosin 1b delays the processing of Pmel17 (the product of murine silver locus also named GP100), which occurs in these multivesicular endosomes; (3) myosin 1b associated with endosomes coimmunoprecipitates with Pmel17. All together, these observations suggest that myosin 1b controls the traffic of protein cargo in multivesicular endosomes most probably through its ability to modulate with actin the morphology of these sorting endosomes.

    Journal of cell science 2005;118;Pt 20;4823-32

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • Transcriptome characterization elucidates signaling networks that control human ES cell growth and differentiation.

    Brandenberger R, Wei H, Zhang S, Lei S, Murage J, Fisk GJ, Li Y, Xu C, Fang R, Guegler K, Rao MS, Mandalam R, Lebkowski J and Stanton LW

    Geron Corporation, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA. rbrandenberger@geron.com

    Human embryonic stem (hES) cells hold promise for generating an unlimited supply of cells for replacement therapies. To characterize hES cells at the molecular level, we obtained 148,453 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from undifferentiated hES cells and three differentiated derivative subpopulations. Over 32,000 different transcripts expressed in hES cells were identified, of which more than 16,000 do not match closely any gene in the UniGene public database. Queries to this EST database revealed 532 significantly upregulated and 140 significantly downregulated genes in undifferentiated hES cells. These data highlight changes in the transcriptional network that occur when hES cells differentiate. Among the differentially regulated genes are several components of signaling pathways and transcriptional regulators that likely play key roles in hES cell growth and differentiation. The genomic data presented here may facilitate the derivation of clinically useful cell types from hES cells.

    Nature biotechnology 2004;22;6;707-16

  • Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.

    Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Helix Research Institute, 1532-3 Yana, Kisarazu, Chiba 292-0812, Japan.

    As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.

    Nature genetics 2004;36;1;40-5

  • Myosin-I isozymes in neonatal rodent auditory and vestibular epithelia.

    Dumont RA, Zhao YD, Holt JR, Bähler M and Gillespie PG

    Oregon Hearing Research Center and Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97201, USA.

    Myosin isozymes are essential for hair cells, the sensory cells of the inner ear. Because a myosin-I subfamily member may mediate adaptation of mechanoelectrical transduction, we examined expression of all eight myosin-I isozymes in rodent auditory and vestibular epithelia. Using RT-PCR, we found prominent expression of three isozymes, Myo1b (also known as myosin-Ia or myr 1). Myo1c (myosin-Ib or myr 2). and Myo1e (myr 3). By contrast, Myo1a (brush-border myosin-I), Myo1d (myosin lg or myr 4). Myo1f, Myo1g, and Myo1h were less readily amplified. Because sequence analysis demonstrated that the RT-PCR products encoded the appropriate isozymes, this represents the first demonstration of expression of all eight mouse myosin-I genes. Using immunocytochemistry with isozyme-selective antibodies, we found that Myo1b was located at apical surfaces of supporting cells that surround hair cells in auditory epithelia of postnatal rats. In vestibular epithelia, Myo1b was present in a ring within the apical pole of the hair cell. In both cases, expression was prominent only immediately after birth. Myo1e was found in hair cells of the auditory and vestibular epithelia; this isozyme was enriched in the cuticular plate, the actin meshwork that anchors the stereocilia. Myo1c was found in hair-cell stereocilia, concentrated towards their tips; we confirmed this localization by using adenovirus vectors to direct expression of a GFP-Myo1c tail fusion protein; this fusion protein localized to plasma membranes, often concentrating at stereociliary tips. Myo1c therefore remains the myosin isozyme best localized to carry out transducer adaptation.

    Funded by: NIDCD NIH HHS: DC00304, DC02368, DC03279

    Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO 2002;3;4;375-89

  • Motor domain-dependent localization of myo1b (myr-1).

    Tang N and Ostap EM

    Department of Physiology and The Pennsylvania Muscle Institute, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, B400 Richards, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

    Myosin-I is the single-headed, membrane binding member of the myosin superfamily that plays a role in membrane dynamics and transport [1-6]. Its molecular functions and its mechanism of regulation are not known. In mammalian cells, myosin-I is excluded from specific microfilament populations, indicating that its localization is tightly regulated. Identifying the mechanism of this localization, and the specific actin populations with which myosin-I interacts, is crucial to understanding the molecular functions of this motor. eGFP chimeras of myo1b [7] were imaged in live and fixed NRK cells. Ratio-imaging microscopy shows that myo1b-eGFP concentrates within dynamic areas of the actin cytoskeleton, most notably in membrane ruffles. Myo1b-eGFP does not associate with stable actin bundles or stress fibers. Truncation mutants consisting of the motor or tail domains show a partially overlapping cytoplasmic localization with full-length myo1b, but do not concentrate in membrane ruffles. A chimera consisting of the light chain and tail domains of myo1b and the motor domain from nonmuscle myosin-IIb (nmMIIb) concentrates on actin filaments in ruffles as well as to stress fibers. In vitro motility assays show that the exclusion of myo1b from certain actin filament populations is due to the regulation of the actomyosin interaction by tropomyosin. Therefore, we conclude that tropomyosin and spatially regulated actin polymerization play important roles in regulating the function and localization of myo1b.

    Funded by: NIGMS NIH HHS: GM57247, R01 GM057247

    Current biology : CB 2001;11;14;1131-5

  • Localization of the rat myosin I molecules myr 1 and myr 2 and in vivo targeting of their tail domains.

    Ruppert C, Godel J, Müller RT, Kroschewski R, Reinhard J and Bähler M

    Friedrich-Miescher-Laboratorium der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Tubingen, Germany.

    Myr 1 is a widely distributed mammalian myosin I molecule related to brush border myosin 1. A second widely distributed myosin I molecule similar to myr 1 and brush border myosin I, called myr 2, has now been identified. Specific antibodies and expression of epitope-tagged molecules were used to determine the subcellular localization of myr 1 and myr 2 in NRK cells. Myr 1 was detected at the plasma membrane and was particularly enriched in cell protrusions like lamellipodia, membrane ruffles and filopodia. In dividing cells myr 1 localized to the cleavage furrow. Myr 2 was localized in a discrete punctate pattern in resting cells and in cells undergoing cytokinesis. In subcellular fractionation experiments myr 1 and myr 2 were both partly soluble and partly associated with smooth membranes of medium density. The tail domains of myosin I molecules have been proposed to interact with a receptor and thereby determine the subcellular localization. To test this hypothesis we expressed the tail domains of myr 1 and myr 2 that lack the F-actin-binding myosin head domain in NRK cells. These tail domains also partly copurified with smooth membranes of medium density and immunolocalized similar to the respective endogenous myosin I; however, they exhibited a lower affinity for membranes and an increased diffuse cytosolic localization. These results suggest that the tail domains of myr 1 and myr 2 are sufficient for subcellular targeting but that their head domains also contribute significantly to maintaining a proper subcellular localization.

    Journal of cell science 1995;108 ( Pt 12);3775-86

  • Identification and overlapping expression of multiple unconventional myosin genes in vertebrate cell types.

    Bement WM, Hasson T, Wirth JA, Cheney RE and Mooseker MS

    Department of Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103.

    Myosin diversity in the human epithelial cell line Caco-2BBe, the porcine epithelial cell line LLC-PK1 (CL-4), human peripheral blood leukocytes, and human liver was analyzed. PCR amplification yielded 8-11 putative myosins (depending on the cDNA source) representing six distinct myosin classes. Analysis of clones obtained by hybridization screening demonstrated that the original PCR products correspond to bona fide myosins, based on the presence of sequences highly conserved in other myosins. RNase protection analysis confirmed mRNA expression of 11 myosins in Caco-2BBe cells. Immunoblot analysis showed that at least 6 myosin immunogens are expressed in Caco-2BBe cells. The results reveal the existence of at least 11 unconventional human myosin genes, most of which are expressed in an overlapping fashion in different cell types. The abundance of myosins suggests that the myosin I vs. myosin II paradigm is inadequate to explain actin-based cellular motility.

    Funded by: NIDDK NIH HHS: DK 25387, DK 34989, DK 38979

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1994;91;14;6549-53

  • Identification, characterization and cloning of myr 1, a mammalian myosin-I.

    Ruppert C, Kroschewski R and Bähler M

    Friedrich-Miescher Laboratorium, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Tübingen, Germany.

    We have identified, characterized and cloned a novel mammalian myosin-I motor-molecule, called myr 1 (myosin-I from rat). Myr 1 exists in three alternative splice forms: myr 1a, myr 1b, and myr 1c. These splice forms differ in their numbers of putative calmodulin/light chain binding sites. Myr 1a-c were selectively released by ATP, bound in a nucleotide-dependent manner to F-actin and exhibited amino acid sequences characteristic of myosin-I motor domains. In addition to the motor domain, they contained a regulatory domain with up to six putative calmodulin/light chain binding sites and a tail domain. The tail domain exhibited 47% amino acid sequence identity to the brush border myosin-I tail domain, demonstrating that myr 1 is related to the only other mammalian myosin-I motor molecule that has been characterized so far. In contrast to brush border myosin-I which is expressed in mature enterocytes, myr 1 splice forms were differentially expressed in all tested tissues. Therefore, myr 1 is the first mammalian myosin-I motor molecule with a widespread tissue distribution in neonatal and adult tissues. The myr 1a splice form was preferentially expressed in neuronal tissues. Its expression was developmentally regulated during rat forebrain ontogeny and subcellular fractionation revealed an enrichment in purified growth cone particles, data consistent with a role for myr 1a in neuronal development.

    The Journal of cell biology 1993;120;6;1393-403

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000015 G2C Homo sapiens Human NRC Human orthologues of mouse NRC adapted from Collins et al (2006) 186
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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