G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
nipsnap homolog 1 (C. elegans)
G00000665 (Mus musculus)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000030728 (Vega human gene)
ENSG00000184117 (Ensembl human gene)
8508 (Entrez Gene)
1111 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
NIPSNAP1 (GeneCards)
603249 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:7827 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q9BPW8 (UniProt)

Literature (9)

Pubmed - other

  • Sequence variants in four candidate genes (NIPSNAP1, GBAS, CHCHD1 and METT11D1) in patients with combined oxidative phosphorylation system deficiencies.

    Smits P, Rodenburg RJ, Smeitink JA and van den Heuvel LP

    Department of Pediatrics, Nijmegen Centre for Mitochondrial Disorders, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Geert Grooteplein 10, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

    The oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system, comprising five enzyme complexes, is located in the inner membrane of mitochondria and is the final biochemical pathway in oxidative ATP production. Defects in this energy-generating system can cause a wide range of clinical symptoms; these diseases are often progressive and multisystemic. Numerous genes have been implicated in OXPHOS deficiencies and many mutations have been described. However, in a substantial number of patients with decreased enzyme activities of two or more OXPHOS complexes, no mutations in the mitochondrial DNA or in nuclear genes known to be involved in these disorders have been found. In this study, four nuclear candidate genes-NIPSNAP1, GBAS, CHCHD1 and METT11D1-were screened for mutations in 22 patients with a combined enzymatic deficiency of primarily the OXPHOS complexes I, III and IV to determine whether a mutation in one of these genes could explain the mitochondrial disorder. For each variant not yet reported as a polymorphism, 100 control samples were screened for the presence of the variant. This way we identified 14 new polymorphisms and 2 presumably non-pathogenic mutations. No mutations were found that could explain the mitochondrial disorder in the patients investigated in this study. Therefore, the genetic defect in these patients must be located in other nuclear genes involved in mtDNA maintenance, transcription or translation, in import, processing or degradation of nuclear encoded mitochondrial proteins, or in assembly of the OXPHOS system.

    Journal of inherited metabolic disease 2009

  • Identification of Nipsnap1 as a novel auxiliary protein inhibiting TRPV6 activity.

    Schoeber JP, Topala CN, Lee KP, Lambers TT, Ricard G, van der Kemp AW, Huynen MA, Hoenderop JG and Bindels RJ

    Department of Physiology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

    The transient receptor potential vanilloid channels 5 and 6 (TRPV5/6) are the most Ca(2+)-selective channels within the TRP superfamily of ion channels. These epithelial Ca(2+) channels are regulated at different intra- and extracellular sites by the feedback response of Ca(2+) itself, calciotropic hormones, and by TRPV5/6-associated proteins. In the present study, bioinformatics was used to search for novel TRPV5/6-associated genes. By including pull-down assays and functional analysis, Nipsnap1-a hitherto functionally uncharacterized globular protein-was identified as a novel factor involved in the regulation of TRPV6. Electrophysiological recordings revealed that Nipsnap1 abolishes TRPV6 currents. Subsequent biotinylation assays showed that TRPV6 plasma membrane expression did not change in the presence of Nipsnap1, suggesting that TRPV6 inhibition by Nipsnap1 is independently regulated from reduced cell surface channel expression. In addition, semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and immunohistochemical labeling of Nipsnap1 indicated that Nipsnap1 is expressed in mouse intestinal tissues-where TRPV6 is predominantly expressed-but that it does not co-localize with TRPV5 in the kidney. In conclusion, this study presents the first physiological function of Nipsnap1 as an associated protein inhibiting TRPV6 activity that possibly exerts its effect directly at the plasma membrane.

    Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology 2008;457;1;91-101

  • Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes.

    Kimura K, Wakamatsu A, Suzuki Y, Ota T, Nishikawa T, Yamashita R, Yamamoto J, Sekine M, Tsuritani K, Wakaguri H, Ishii S, Sugiyama T, Saito K, Isono Y, Irie R, Kushida N, Yoneyama T, Otsuka R, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Kondo H, Wagatsuma M, Murakawa K, Ishida S, Ishibashi T, Takahashi-Fujii A, Tanase T, Nagai K, Kikuchi H, Nakai K, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Life Science Research Laboratory, Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, 185-8601, Japan.

    By analyzing 1,780,295 5'-end sequences of human full-length cDNAs derived from 164 kinds of oligo-cap cDNA libraries, we identified 269,774 independent positions of transcriptional start sites (TSSs) for 14,628 human RefSeq genes. These TSSs were clustered into 30,964 clusters that were separated from each other by more than 500 bp and thus are very likely to constitute mutually distinct alternative promoters. To our surprise, at least 7674 (52%) human RefSeq genes were subject to regulation by putative alternative promoters (PAPs). On average, there were 3.1 PAPs per gene, with the composition of one CpG-island-containing promoter per 2.6 CpG-less promoters. In 17% of the PAP-containing loci, tissue-specific use of the PAPs was observed. The richest tissue sources of the tissue-specific PAPs were testis and brain. It was also intriguing that the PAP-containing promoters were enriched in the genes encoding signal transduction-related proteins and were rarer in the genes encoding extracellular proteins, possibly reflecting the varied functional requirement for and the restricted expression of those categories of genes, respectively. The patterns of the first exons were highly diverse as well. On average, there were 7.7 different splicing types of first exons per locus partly produced by the PAPs, suggesting that a wide variety of transcripts can be achieved by this mechanism. Our findings suggest that use of alternate promoters and consequent alternative use of first exons should play a pivotal role in generating the complexity required for the highly elaborated molecular systems in humans.

    Genome research 2006;16;1;55-65

  • A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome.

    Stelzl U, Worm U, Lalowski M, Haenig C, Brembeck FH, Goehler H, Stroedicke M, Zenkner M, Schoenherr A, Koeppen S, Timm J, Mintzlaff S, Abraham C, Bock N, Kietzmann S, Goedde A, Toksöz E, Droege A, Krobitsch S, Korn B, Birchmeier W, Lehrach H and Wanker EE

    Max Delbrueck Center for Molecular Medicine, 13092 Berlin-Buch, Germany.

    Protein-protein interaction maps provide a valuable framework for a better understanding of the functional organization of the proteome. To detect interacting pairs of human proteins systematically, a protein matrix of 4456 baits and 5632 preys was screened by automated yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) interaction mating. We identified 3186 mostly novel interactions among 1705 proteins, resulting in a large, highly connected network. Independent pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays validated the overall quality of the Y2H interactions. Using topological and GO criteria, a scoring system was developed to define 911 high-confidence interactions among 401 proteins. Furthermore, the network was searched for interactions linking uncharacterized gene products and human disease proteins to regulatory cellular pathways. Two novel Axin-1 interactions were validated experimentally, characterizing ANP32A and CRMP1 as modulators of Wnt signaling. Systematic human protein interaction screens can lead to a more comprehensive understanding of protein function and cellular processes.

    Cell 2005;122;6;957-68

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • Strong conservation of the human NF2 locus based on sequence comparison in five species.

    Hansson CM, Ali H, Bruder CE, Fransson I, Kluge S, Andersson B, Roe BA, Menzel U and Dumanski JP

    Department of Genetics and Pathology, Rudbeck Laboratory, 3rd floor, Dag Hammarskjöds väg 20, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

    We analyzed 137 kb covering human neurofibromatosis 2 ( NF2) tumor suppressor locus and orthologous loci from baboon, mouse, rat, and pufferfish Takifugu rubripes. A predominant feature of human-rodent conservation is a very similar distribution of conserved islands, regarding length, position, and degree of identity. By use of a threshold of 75% identity over > or =100 bp of gap-free alignment, comparisons of human-mouse sequences resulted in 3.58% for extra-exonic conservation, which can be compared to 4.5% of exonic sequence content within the human locus. We identified a duplication of neurofibromin 2 in pufferfish, which resulted in two putative proteins with 74% and 76% identity to the human protein. One distinct island (called inter 1), conserved between all analyzed species, was located between promoters of the NIPSNAP1 and NF2 genes. Inter 1 might represent a novel regulatory element, important for the function of this locus. The high level of intronic conservation in the NF2 locus suggests that a number of unknown regulatory elements might exist within this gene. These elements could be affected by disease-causing mutations in NF2 patients and NF2-associated tumors. Alternatively, this conservation might be explained by presence of not yet characterized transcriptional unit(s) within this locus.

    Funded by: NHGRI NIH HHS: HG02153

    Mammalian genome : official journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society 2003;14;8;526-36

  • Identification of activity-regulated proteins in the postsynaptic density fraction.

    Satoh K, Takeuchi M, Oda Y, Deguchi-Tawarada M, Sakamoto Y, Matsubara K, Nagasu T and Takai Y

    KAN Research Institute, Kyoto 600-8815, Japan Laboratory of Seeds Finding Technology, Eisai Co., Ltd, Tsukuba 300-2635, Japan.

    Background: The postsynaptic density (PSD) at synapses is a specialized submembranous structure where neurotransmitter receptors are linked to cytoskeleton and signalling molecules. Activity-dependent dynamic change in the components of the PSD is a mechanism of synaptic plasticity. Identification of the PSD proteins and examination of their modulations dependent on synaptic activity will be valuable for an understanding of the molecular basis of learning and memory.

    Result: We attempted here to identify proteins in the PSD fraction by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. About 1.7 x 103 protein spots were detected on 2D gels. A total of 90 spots were identified, containing 47 different protein species. In addition to previously identified PSD proteins such as PSD-95/SAP90, several new proteins were identified in the PSD fraction. They included stomatin-like protein 2 and NIPSNAP1. We also examined activity-dependent modulations of PSD proteins by 2D gel electrophoresis. The spot concentration of G protein beta subunit 5 and NIPSNAP1 increased 2 h after kainate treatment that caused generalized seizures.

    Conclusion: These results indicate that the combination of 2D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry is an excellent tool for the identification of activity-regulated PSD proteins.

    Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms 2002;7;2;187-97

  • Characterization of the human NIPSNAP1 gene from 22q12: a member of a novel gene family.

    Seroussi E, Pan HQ, Kedra D, Roe BA and Dumanski JP

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

    Rapid progress in sequencing of human and other genomes allows high-resolution analysis of their gene content on the basis of comparison between species. We have used a combined computer and biochemical approach to characterize 135 kb of human genomic sequence from 22q12 and discovered a new 10 exon gene, termed NIPSNAP1, located between the neurofibromatosis type 2 and the pK1.3 genes. The NIPSNAP1 gene spans 26 kb of genomic sequence and shows to large introns in the 5'-region. All exon-intron junctions contain the gt/ag consensus splice site. The putative promoter of the NIPSNAP1 gene is TATA-less and resides in a GC-rich island characteristic of housekeeping genes. The NIPSNAP1 mRNA is 2.1 kb, is expressed ubiquitously at variable levels, with the highest expression in liver, is terminated by an uncommon ATTAAA polyadenylation site, and is capable of encoding a 284-amino-acid protein. This NIPSNAP1 protein has a strong sequence similarity limited to the central portion of a hypothetical protein (acc. P34492) from chromosome III of C. elegans, in which the other portions resemble a 4-nitrophenylphosphatase domain and non-neuronal SNAP25-like protein. Thus, the NIPSNAP1 gene is a member of an evolutionarily well conserved, novel gene family with two members in human and mouse that have now been characterized, and one member in C. elegans. The second human gene, NIPSNAP2, is localized in the vicinity of marker D7S499 on chromosome 7. Although the function of the NIPSNAP protein family is unknown, clues about its role may reside in the co-expression of the C. elegans orthologue, within an operon encoding protein motifs known to be involved in vesicular transport.

    Gene 1998;212;1;13-20

Gene lists (7)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000010 G2C Homo sapiens Human mitochondria Human orthologues of mouse mitochondria adapted from Collins et al (2006) 91
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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