G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
G00001808
Gene symbol
OMG (HGNC)
Species
Homo sapiens
Description
oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein
Orthologue
G00000559 (Mus musculus)

Databases (7)

Gene
ENSG00000126861 (Ensembl human gene)
4974 (Entrez Gene)
977 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
OMG (GeneCards)
Literature
164345 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:8135 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
P23515 (UniProt)

Synonyms (1)

  • OMGP

Literature (20)

Pubmed - other

  • Alterations in oligodendrocyte proteins, calcium homeostasis and new potential markers in schizophrenia anterior temporal lobe are revealed by shotgun proteome analysis.

    Martins-de-Souza D, Gattaz WF, Schmitt A, Rewerts C, Marangoni S, Novello JC, Maccarrone G, Turck CW and Dias-Neto E

    Laboratório de Neurociências, Faculdade de Medicina da USP, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua Dr. Ovídio Pires de Campos, No 785, s/n Consolação, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05403-010, Brazil. danms90@gmail.com

    Global proteomic analysis of post-mortem anterior temporal lobe samples from schizophrenia patients and non-schizophrenia individuals was performed using stable isotope labeling and shotgun proteomics. Our analysis resulted in the identification of 479 proteins, 37 of which showed statistically significant differential expression. Pathways affected by differential protein expression include transport, signal transduction, energy pathways, cell growth and maintenance and protein metabolism. The collection of protein alterations identified here reinforces the importance of myelin/oligodendrocyte and calcium homeostasis in schizophrenia, and reveals a number of new potential markers that may contribute to the understanding of the pathogenesis of this complex disease.

    Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996) 2009;116;3;275-89

  • Mutations in RNF135, a gene within the NF1 microdeletion region, cause phenotypic abnormalities including overgrowth.

    Douglas J, Cilliers D, Coleman K, Tatton-Brown K, Barker K, Bernhard B, Burn J, Huson S, Josifova D, Lacombe D, Malik M, Mansour S, Reid E, Cormier-Daire V, Cole T, Childhood Overgrowth Collaboration and Rahman N

    Section of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK.

    17q11 microdeletions that encompass NF1 cause 5%-10% of cases of neurofibromatosis type 1, and individuals with microdeletions are typically taller than individuals with intragenic NF1 mutations, suggesting that deletion of a neighboring gene might promote human growth. We identified mutations in RNF135, which is within the NF1 microdeletion region, in six families characterized by overgrowth, learning disability, dysmorphic features and variable additional features. These data identify RNF135 as causative of a new overgrowth syndrome and demonstrate that RNF135 haploinsufficiency contributes to the phenotype of NF1 microdeletion cases.

    Funded by: Medical Research Council: G0400188

    Nature genetics 2007;39;8;963-5

  • Roles of glial p75NTR in axonal regeneration.

    Zhou XF and Li HY

    Department of Human Physiology and Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. xin-fu.zhou@flinders.edu.au

    The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is expressed by both neurons and glia. Nerve injury triggers up-regulation of p75NTR in Schwann cells (SC) but not in central glia. In contrast to neuronal p75NTR, which mediates negative signals from myelin-associated proteins resulting in neurite collapse, glial p75NTR may play a positive role in nerve regeneration by forming neurotrophin chemoattractant gradients or by competitively antagonizing the NOGO/NgR/LINGO-1 signal through cell-cell contact or regulated intramembranous proteolysis (RIP) of p75NTR. This piece presents some recent evidence supporting this hypothesis.

    Journal of neuroscience research 2007;85;8;1601-5

  • Mutations and novel polymorphisms in coding regions and UTRs of CDK5R1 and OMG genes in patients with non-syndromic mental retardation.

    Venturin M, Moncini S, Villa V, Russo S, Bonati MT, Larizza L and Riva P

    Department of Biology and Genetics, Medical Faculty, University of Milan, Via Viotti 3/5, 20133, Milan, Italy.

    Mental retardation (MR) is displayed by 57% of NF1 patients with microdeletion syndrome as a result of 17q11.2 region haploinsufficiency. We considered the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1 (CDK5R1) and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMG) genes, mapping in the NF1 microdeleted region, as candidate genes for MR susceptibility. CDK5R1 encodes for a neurone-specific activator of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) involved in neuronal migration during central nervous system development. OMG encodes for an inhibitor of neurite outgrowth by the binding to the Nogo-66 receptor (RTN4R). CDK5R1 and OMG genes are characterized by large 3' and 5' untranslated regions (UTRs), where we predict the presence of several transcription/translation regulatory elements. We screened 100 unrelated Italian patients affected by unspecific MR for mutations in CDK5R1 and OMG coding regions and in their 3' or 5' UTRs. Four novel mutations and two novel polymorphisms for CDK5R1 and three novel mutations for OMG were detected, including two missense changes (c.323C>T; A108V in CDK5R1 and c.1222A>G; T408A in OMG), one synonymous codon variant (c.532C>T; L178L in CDK5R1), four variants in CDK5R1 3'UTR and two changes in OMG 5'UTR. All the mutations were absent in 370 chromosomes from normal subjects. The allelic frequencies of the two novel polymorphisms in CDK5R1 3'UTR were established in both 185 normal and 100 mentally retarded subjects. Prediction of mRNA and protein secondary structures revealed that two changes lead to putative structural alterations in the mutated c.2254C>G CDK5R1 3'UTR and in OMG T408A gene product.

    Neurogenetics 2006;7;1;59-66

  • Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes.

    Kimura K, Wakamatsu A, Ota T, Nishikawa T, Yamashita R, Yamamoto J, Sekine M, Tsuritani K, Wakaguri H, Ishii S, Sugiyama T, Saito K, Isono Y, Irie R, Kushida N, Yoneyama T 5a8 , Otsuka R, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Kondo H, Wagatsuma M, Murakawa K, Ishida S, Ishibashi T, Takahashi-Fujii A, Tanase T, Nagai K, Kikuchi H, Nakai K, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Life Science Research Laboratory, Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, 185-8601, Japan.

    By analyzing 1,780,295 5'-end sequences of human full-length cDNAs derived from 164 kinds of oligo-cap cDNA libraries, we identified 269,774 independent positions of transcriptional start sites (TSSs) for 14,628 human RefSeq genes. These TSSs were clustered into 30,964 clusters that were separated from each other by more than 500 bp and thus are very likely to constitute mutually distinct alternative promoters. To our surprise, at least 7674 (52%) human RefSeq genes were subject to regulation by putative alternative promoters (PAPs). On average, there were 3.1 PAPs per gene, with the composition of one CpG-island-containing promoter per 2.6 CpG-less promoters. In 17% of the PAP-containing loci, tissue-specific use of the PAPs was observed. The richest tissue sources of the tissue-specific PAPs were testis and brain. It was also intriguing that the PAP-containing promoters were enriched in the genes encoding signal transduction-related proteins and were rarer in the genes encoding extracellular proteins, possibly reflecting the varied functional requirement for and the restricted expression of those categories of genes, respectively. The patterns of the first exons were highly diverse as well. On average, there were 7.7 different splicing types of first exons per locus partly produced by the PAPs, suggesting that a wide variety of transcripts can be achieved by this mechanism. Our findings suggest that use of alternate promoters and consequent alternative use of first exons should play a pivotal role in generating the complexity required for the highly elaborated molecular systems in humans.

    Genome research 2006;16;1;55-65

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • Myelin-associated inhibitors of axonal regeneration in the adult mammalian CNS.

    Filbin MT

    Department of Biological Sciences, Hunter College, City University of New York, 695 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA. Filbin@genectr.hunter.cuny.edu

    Nature reviews. Neuroscience 2003;4;9;703-13

  • The p75 receptor acts as a displacement factor that releases Rho from Rho-GDI.

    Yamashita T and Tohyama M

    Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

    The neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR) is involved in the regulation of axonal elongation by neurotrophins as well as several myelin components, including Nogo, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (OMgp). Neurotrophins stimulate neurite outgrowth by inhibiting Rho activity, whereas myelin-derived proteins activate RhoA and thereby inhibit growth. Here we show that direct interaction of the Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (Rho-GDI) with p75(NTR) initiates the activation of RhoA, and this interaction between p75(NTR) and Rho-GDI is strengthened by MAG or Nogo. We also found that p75(NTR) facilitates the release of prenylated RhoA from Rho-GDI. The peptide ligand that is associated with the fifth alpha helix of p75(NTR) inhibits the interaction between Rho-GDI and p75(NTR), thus silencing the action mediated by p75(NTR). This peptide has potential as a therapeutic agent against the inhibitory cues that block regeneration in the central nervous system.

    Nature neuroscience 2003;6;5;461-7

  • Oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein growth inhibition function requires its conserved leucine-rich repeat domain, not its glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchor.

    Vourc'h P, Moreau T, Arbion F, Marouillat-Védrine S, Müh JP and Andres C

    Dynamique et pathologie du développement cérébral, INSERM U 316, 2 bis, boulevard Tonnellé, 37032 Tours Cedex, France.

    The oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) inhibits neurite outgrowth and axonal regeneration after brain injury, but its normal function remains unknown. Several observations suggest its implication in cell growth regulation. Here we report an analysis of the domain requirement in OMgp proliferation inhibitory function. We first studied the OMgp protein sequence in 14 mammal species and observed a high conservation of its leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain. The deletion of this LRR domain is responsible for a total loss of function in an in vitro expression system. The possible three-dimensional structure of the LRR domain of OMgp was modelled using the structure of Yersinia pestis YopM cytotoxin as a template. The predicted arrangement of the LRR segments is compatible with a function of OMgp as a binding protein. The OMgp is a glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol-linked protein anchored in the plasma membrane of oligodendrocytes and neurones. Using deletion mutagenesis, we demonstrated the dispensability of the glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchor for OMgp proliferation inhibition function. Our results suggest that OMgp is part of a receptor complex, either as a coreceptor or as a membrane-bound or soluble ligand, involved in the transmission of a growth suppressive signal.

    Journal of neurochemistry 2003;85;4;889-97

  • Molecular analysis of the oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein gene in autistic disorder.

    Vourc'h P, Martin I, Marouillat S, Adrien JL, Barthélémy C, Moraine C, Müh JP and Andres C

    Génétique de la Déficience Mentale et de l'Autisme, INSERM U 316, Faculté de Médecine, 2bis, Boulevard Tonnellé, 37032, Tours Cedex, France.

    We previously observed in four autistic patients a new allele (GXAlu 5) of the GXAlu microsatellite marker located in intron 27b of the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene (17q11.2). This large intron contains the OMGP gene, coding for the oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein expressed by neurons and oligodendrocytes. In the present work, we analysed the distribution of a coding single nucleotide polymorphism (OMGP62) of the OMGP gene, the nearest gene to the GXAlu marker, in a control population (n=101) and in an autistic group (n=65). We observed no significant difference in allele distribution comparing these two groups (chi(2)=1.81; P=0.179). When distinguishing an autistic group with a developmental quotient (DQ) higher than 30 (n=37) and one with a DQ lower than 30 (n=28), we observed an association between allele A and the group with the highest DQ (P=0.015). We found no other polymorphism using SSCP screening and DNA sequencing in the OMGP coding region in 16 autistic patients bearing OMGP62 allele A.

    Neuroscience letters 2003;338;2;115-8

  • A p75(NTR) and Nogo receptor complex mediates repulsive signaling by myelin-associated glycoprotein.

    Wong ST, Henley JR, Kanning KC, Huang KH, Bothwell M and Poo MM

    Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.

    Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), an inhibitor of axon regeneration, binds with high affinity to the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR). Here we report that the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is a co-receptor of NgR for MAG signaling. In cultured human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells expressing NgR, p75(NTR) was required for MAG-induced intracellular Ca2+ elevation. Co-immunoprecipitation showed an association of NgR with p75(NTR) that can be disrupted by an antibody against p75(NTR) (NGFR5), and extensive coexpression was observed in the developing rat nervous system. Furthermore, NGFR5 abolished MAG-induced repulsive turning of Xenopus axonal growth cones and Ca2+ elevation, both in neurons and in NgR/p75(NTR)-expressing HEK cells. Thus we conclude that p75(NTR) is a co-receptor of NgR for MAG signaling and a potential therapeutic target for promoting nerve regeneration.

    Nature neuroscience 2002;5;12;1302-8

  • Oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein is a Nogo receptor ligand that inhibits neurite outgrowth.

    Wang KC, Koprivica V, Kim JA, Sivasankaran R, Guo Y, Neve RL and He Z

    Division of Neuroscience, Children's Hospital and Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

    The inhibitory activity associated with myelin is a major obstacle for successful axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS). In addition to myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and Nogo-A, available evidence suggests the existence of additional inhibitors in CNS myelin. We show here that a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored CNS myelin protein, oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), is a potent inhibitor of neurite outgrowth in cultured neurons. Like Nogo-A, OMgp contributes significantly to the inhibitory activity associated with CNS myelin. To further elucidate the mechanisms that mediate this inhibitory activity of OMgp, we screened an expression library and identified the Nogo receptor (NgR) as a high-affinity OMgp-binding protein. Cleavage of NgR and other GPI-linked proteins from the cell surface renders axons of dorsal root ganglia insensitive to OMgp. Introduction of exogenous NgR confers OMgp responsiveness to otherwise insensitive neurons. Thus, OMgp is an important inhibitor of neurite outgrowth that acts through NgR and its associated receptor complex. Interfering with the OMgp/NgR pathway may allow lesioned axons to regenerate after injury in vivo.

    Nature 2002;417;6892;941-4

  • Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library.

    Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A and Sugano S

    International and Interdisciplinary Studies, The University of Tokyo, Japan.

    Using 'oligo-capped' mRNA [Maruyama, K., Sugano, S., 1994. Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides. Gene 138, 171-174], whose cap structure was replaced by a synthetic oligonucleotide, we constructed two types of cDNA library. One is a 'full length-enriched cDNA library' which has a high content of full-length cDNA clones and the other is a '5'-end-enriched cDNA library', which has a high content of cDNA clones with their mRNA start sites. The 5'-end-enriched library was constructed especially for isolating the mRNA start sites of long mRNAs. In order to characterize these libraries, we performed one-pass sequencing of randomly selected cDNA clones from both libraries (84 clones for the full length-enriched cDNA library and 159 clones for the 5'-end-enriched cDNA library). The cDNA clones of the polypeptide chain elongation factor 1 alpha were most frequently (nine clones) isolated, and more than 80% of them (eight clones) contained the mRNA start site of the gene. Furthermore, about 80% of the cDNA clones of both libraries whose sequence matched with known genes had the known 5' ends or sequences upstream of the known 5' ends (28 out of 35 for the full length-enriched library and 51 out of 62 for the 5'-end-enriched library). The longest full-length clone of the full length-enriched cDNA library was about 3300 bp (among 28 clones). In contrast, seven clones (out of the 51 clones with the mRNA start sites) from the 5'-end-enriched cDNA library came from mRNAs whose length is more than 3500 bp. These cDNA libraries may be useful for generating 5' ESTs with the information of the mRNA start sites that are now scarce in the EST database.

    Gene 1997;200;1-2;149-56

  • Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides.

    Maruyama K and Sugano S

    Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.

    We have devised a method to replace the cap structure of a mRNA with an oligoribonucleotide (r-oligo) to label the 5' end of eukaryotic mRNAs. The method consists of removing the cap with tobacco acid pyrophosphatase (TAP) and ligating r-oligos to decapped mRNAs with T4 RNA ligase. This reaction was made cap-specific by removing 5'-phosphates of non-capped RNAs with alkaline phosphatase prior to TAP treatment. Unlike the conventional methods that label the 5' end of cDNAs, this method specifically labels the capped end of the mRNAs with a synthetic r-oligo prior to first-strand cDNA synthesis. The 5' end of the mRNA was identified quite simply by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

    Gene 1994;138;1-2;171-4

  • The oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein of mouse: primary structure and gene structure.

    Mikol DD, Rongnoparut P, Allwardt BA, Marton LS and Stefansson K

    Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.

    The oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), a phosphatidylinositol-linked membrane glycoprotein expressed in the brain, is in man encoded by a gene that is entirely within an intron of and on the strand opposite to the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene. We obtained two distinct overlapping DNA clones from a mouse genomic library that contain the OMgp gene from mouse (mOMgp). There is a single intron in the 5' untranslated region in exactly the same position as the sole intron in the gene for the human OMgp (hOMgp). A repeat, (TC)24, in the mouse intron divides it into 5' and 3' segments that have 72 and 93% sequence identity, respectively, with the human gene. The deduced unprocessed polypeptides of both species have 440 amino acids and the similarity of the primary structures of mOMgp and hOMgp indicates conservation of function. The conservation of the nucleotide sequences of the coding, noncoding, and flanking regions of the two genes is remarkable and raises the possibility that the nucleotide sequence may serve a function that is separate from the role of encoding OMgp.

    Funded by: AHRQ HHS: 5 P01 HS-21442-03; NIGMS NIH HHS: 5 T32GM07281; PHS HHS: 5 T326M07839

    Genomics 1993;17;3;604-10

  • The gene encoding the oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein is embedded within the neurofibromatosis type 1 gene.

    Viskochil D, Cawthon R, O'Connell P, Xu GF, Stevens J, Culver M, Carey J and White R

    Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84132.

    In the course of efforts to identify the neurofibromatosis type 1 gene (NF1), three genes were found embedded within an intron of NF1. The cDNA sequence of one of these genes (OMGP) encodes oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein. OMGP spans at least 2.7 kb of genomic DNA, and it maps within 4 kb of the breakpoint of a balanced chromosomal translocation carried by an individual with NF1. OMGP is similar in genomic structure to two other expressed genes, EVI2A and EVI2B, which lie approximately 20 and 5 kb telomeric of the OMGP locus, respectively. All three genes have the same transcriptional orientation and are contained within one intron of NF1, which is transcribed off the opposite strand. Whether altered expression of OMGP might play a role in the clinical heterogeneity of NF1 is as yet unclear.

    Molecular and cellular biology 1991;11;2;906-12

  • Structure and chromosomal localization of the gene for the oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein.

    Mikol DD, Alexakos MJ, Bayley CA, Lemons RS, Le Beau MM and Stefansson K

    Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.

    Utilizing a cDNA clone encoding the oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) to screen a human genomic DNA library, we have obtained a clone that contains the OMgp gene. The genomic clone was restriction mapped and the OMgp gene and its 5' and 3' flanking regions were sequenced. A single intron is found in the 5' untranslated region of the gene, while the coding region is uninterrupted by an intron. This placement of a single intron in the OMgp gene is identical to that of the gene for the alpha-chain of platelet glycoprotein Ib, which, along with OMgp, belongs to a family of proteins sharing two distinct structural domains: an NH2-terminal cysteine-rich domain and an adjacent domain of tandem leucine-rich repeats. Hence, it is possible that this family of proteins is not only related in terms of primary structure, but also through similar gene structure. Sequence comparison of the 5' and 3' flanking regions did not reveal striking similarities to other DNA sequences, and no obvious promoter elements were noted. By hybridization of the genomic clone to metaphase cells, we have localized the human OMgp gene to chromosome 17 bands q11-12, a region to which the neurofibromatosis type 1 gene has been previously mapped.

    The Journal of cell biology 1990;111;6 Pt 1;2673-9

  • The oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein belongs to a distinct family of proteins and contains the HNK-1 carbohydrate.

    Mikol DD, Gulcher JR and Stefansson K

    Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.

    The complete primary structure of the human oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), a glycophospholipid-linked membrane protein of oligodendrocytes and central nervous system myelin, has been determined. The deduced amino acid sequence predicts a polypeptide of 433 amino acids which includes a 17-amino acid leader sequence. OMgp consists of four domains: (a) a short cysteine-rich motif at the NH2 terminus; (b) a series of tandem leucine-rich repeats (LRs) present in several other proteins where they may play roles in adhesion; (c) a serine/threonine-rich region that contains probable attachment sites for O-linked carbohydrates; and (d) a hydrophobic COOH-terminal segment that is likely to be cleaved concomitant with the attachment of lipid during biosynthesis of OMgp. OMgp shares the first three of its four domains with the platelet glycoprotein Ib, which is responsible for the initial adhesion of platelets to the exposed subendothelium during hemostasis. Together with glycoprotein Ib and several other proteins, OMgp belongs to a family of proteins that contain both an NH2-terminal cysteine-rich motif and an adjacent series of LRs. In addition, we report that a subpopulation of OMgp molecules contains the HNK-1 carbohydrate, which has been shown to mediate interactions among cells in the central nervous system.

    Funded by: AHRQ HHS: 5 P01 HS-21442-03; NIGMS NIH HHS: 5 T32GM07281

    The Journal of cell biology 1990;110;2;471-9

  • A phosphatidylinositol-linked peanut agglutinin-binding glycoprotein in central nervous system myelin and on oligodendrocytes.

    Mikol DD and Stefansson K

    Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.

    Here we report the isolation and initial biochemical characterization of a 120-kD peanut agglutinin-binding glycoprotein from the adult human central nervous system (CNS), which is anchored to membranes through a phosphatidylinositol linkage. Myelin incubated with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C released the protein as a soluble polypeptide of 105 kD, which was isolated with peanut agglutinin-agarose affinity chromatography. The protein was found to be highly glycosylated. The protein appears to be confined to the CNS, where its developmental expression is region specific and parallels myelination. It is in greater quantity in white matter than in gray matter and it is in isolated human CNS myelin. Furthermore, ovine oligodendrocytes in culture contain the protein on their surfaces and release it into the supernatant as a soluble 105-kD form. We call this protein the oligodendrocyte-myelin protein.

    Funded by: AHRQ HHS: 5 PO1 HS-21442-03; NIGMS NIH HHS: 5 T32GM07281

    The Journal of cell biology 1988;106;4;1273-9

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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