G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 6
G00000381 (Mus musculus)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000059633 (Vega human gene)
ENSG00000164398 (Ensembl human gene)
23305 (Entrez Gene)
747 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
ACSL6 (GeneCards)
604443 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:16496 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q9UKU0 (UniProt)

Synonyms (4)

  • ACS2
  • KIAA0837
  • LACS2
  • LACS5

Literature (17)

Pubmed - other

  • Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 6 is associated with premature ovarian failure.

    Kang H, Lee SK, Kim MH, Choi H, Lee SH and Kwack K

    Medical Genomics Laboratory, Pochon CHA University, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

    To identify genes that are associated with premature ovarian failure, a linkage disequilibrium-based genome-wide association study with dense single nucleotide polymorphisms as genetic markers was performed. The acyl-coenzyme A synthetase long-chain family member 6 (ACSL6) gene on chromosome 5q31 was associated with premature ovarian failure and identified disease-susceptibility haplotypes.

    Fertility and sterility 2009;91;4 Suppl;1339-43

  • Association of haplotypes spanning PDZ-GEF2, LOC728637 and ACSL6 with schizophrenia in Han Chinese.

    Luo XJ, Diao HB, Wang JK, Zhang H, Zhao ZM and Su B

    Background: Schizophrenia is a complex genetic disorder caused by multiple genetic and environmental factors. Several lines of linkage and association studies have repeatedly suggested that the chromosome 5q22-33 region is implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia. However, most of the previous studies on the linkage of 5q22-33 with schizophrenia were from European populations, and it was not well characterised in other populations.

    Methods: We analysed eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the 5q23.3 region in a cohort of 506 schizophrenia patients and 672 control subjects from south western China. Single marker association, haplotypic association, sex-specific association and molecular evolutionary analysis were performed.

    Results: Single marker analysis indicated that SNP5 (rs1355095) in LOC728637 is associated with schizophrenia. When males and females were analysed separately, SNP4 (rs31251) in PDZ-GEF2 is associated with schizophrenia in females. Further analysis using haplotypes demonstrated that a haplotype block spanning PDZ-GEF2, LOC728637 and ACSL6 is highly associated with schizophrenia and several haplotypes in this haploblock have about twofold to 10-fold increase in the affected subjects. In addition, molecular evolutionary analysis suggests that PDZ-GEF2 has undergone adaptive evolution due to Darwinian positive selection in the human lineage.

    Conclusion: Our data provide evidence of the association of 5q22-33 with schizophrenia in Han Chinese. This chromosomal region is likely responsible for genetic susceptibility to schizophrenia, supporting previous data from European patients. In addition, our evolutionary analysis is consistent with the hypothesis that genes contributing to schizophrenia are likely under positive selection during human evolution.

    Journal of medical genetics 2008;45;12;818-26

  • Interaction between interleukin 3 and dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 in schizophrenia.

    Edwards TL, Wang X, Chen Q, Wormly B, Riley B, O'Neill FA, Walsh D, Ritchie MD, Kendler KS and Chen X

    Center for Human Genetics Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.

    Schizophrenia is a common psychotic mental disorder that is believed to result from the effects of multiple genetic and environmental factors. In this study, we explored gene-gene interactions and main effects in both case-control (657 cases and 411 controls) and family-based (273 families, 1,350 subjects) datasets of English or Irish ancestry. Fifty three markers in 8 genes were genotyped in the family sample and 44 markers in 7 genes were genotyped in the case-control sample. The Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction Pedigree Disequilibrium Test (MDR-PDT) was used to examine epistasis in the family dataset and a 3-locus model was identified (permuted p=0.003). The 3-locus model involved the IL3 (rs2069803), RGS4 (rs2661319), and DTNBP1 (rs2619539) genes. We used MDR to analyze the case-control dataset containing the same markers typed in the RGS4, IL3 and DTNBP1 genes and found evidence of a joint effect between IL3 (rs31400) and DTNBP1 (rs760761) (cross-validation consistency 4/5, balanced prediction accuracy=56.84%, p=0.019). While this is not a direct replication, the results obtained from both the family and case-control samples collectively suggest that IL3 and DTNBP1 are likely to interact and jointly contribute to increase risk for schizophrenia. We also observed a significant main effect in DTNBP1, which survived correction for multiple comparisons, and numerous nominally significant effects in several genes.

    Funded by: NIMH NIH HHS: R01 MH041953, R01 MH041953-08S1, R01 MH041953-09A2, R01 MH041953-10, R01 MH041953-11, R01 MH041953-12, R01 MH041953-13, R01 MH041953-14, R01 MH041953-15, R01 MH041953-16, R01 MH041953-17, R01MH41953

    Schizophrenia research 2008;106;2-3;208-17

  • Polymorphisms in mitochondrial genes and prostate cancer risk.

    Wang L, McDonnell SK, Hebbring SJ, Cunningham JM, St Sauver J, Cerhan JR, Isaya G, Schaid DJ and Thibodeau SN

    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

    The mitochondrion, conventionally thought to be an organelle specific to energy metabolism, is in fact multifunctional and implicated in many diseases, including cancer. To evaluate whether mitochondria-related genes are associated with increased risk for prostate cancer, we genotyped 24 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) within the mitochondrial genome and 376 tagSNPs localized to 78 nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes. The tagSNPs were selected to achieve > or = 80% coverage based on linkage disequilibrium. We compared allele and haplotype frequencies in approximately 1,000 prostate cancer cases with approximately 500 population controls. An association with prostate cancer was not detected for any of the SNPs within the mitochondrial genome individually or for 10 mitochondrial common haplotypes when evaluated using a global score statistic. For the nuclear-encoded genes, none of the tagSNPs were significantly associated with prostate cancer after adjusting for multiple testing. Nonetheless, we evaluated unadjusted P values by comparing our results with those from the Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility (CGEMS) phase I data set. Seven tagSNPs had unadjusted P < or = 0.05 in both our data and in CGEMS (two SNPs were identical and five were in strong linkage disequilibrium with CGEMS SNPs). These seven SNPs (rs17184211, rs4147684, rs4233367, rs2070902, rs3829037, rs7830235, and rs1203213) are located in genes MTRR, NDUFA9, NDUFS2, NDUFB9, and COX7A2, respectively. Five of the seven SNPs were further included in the CGEMS phase II study; however, none of the findings for these were replicated. Overall, these results suggest that polymorphisms in the mitochondrial genome and those in the nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes evaluated are not substantial risk factors for prostate cancer.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA91956, P50 CA091956, P50 CA091956-020001

    Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 2008;17;12;3558-66

  • Prominent use of distal 5' transcription start sites and discovery of a large number of additional exons in ENCODE regions.

    Denoeud F, Kapranov P, Ucla C, Frankish A, Castelo R, Drenkow J, Lagarde J, Alioto T, Manzano C, Chrast J, Dike S, Wyss C, Henrichsen CN, Holroyd N, Dickson MC, Taylor R, Hance Z, Foissac S, Myers RM, Rogers J, Hubbard T, Harrow J, Guigó R, Gingeras TR, Antonarakis SE and Reymond A

    Grup de Recerca en Informática Biomèdica, Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica/Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

    This report presents systematic empirical annotation of transcript products from 399 annotated protein-coding loci across the 1% of the human genome targeted by the Encyclopedia of DNA elements (ENCODE) pilot project using a combination of 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) and high-density resolution tiling arrays. We identified previously unannotated and often tissue- or cell-line-specific transcribed fragments (RACEfrags), both 5' distal to the annotated 5' terminus and internal to the annotated gene bounds for the vast majority (81.5%) of the tested genes. Half of the distal RACEfrags span large segments of genomic sequences away from the main portion of the coding transcript and often overlap with the upstream-annotated gene(s). Notably, at least 20% of the resultant novel transcripts have changes in their open reading frames (ORFs), most of them fusing ORFs of adjacent transcripts. A significant fraction of distal RACEfrags show expression levels comparable to those of known exons of the same locus, suggesting that they are not part of very minority splice forms. These results have significant implications concerning (1) our current understanding of the architecture of protein-coding genes; (2) our views on locations of regulatory regions in the genome; and (3) the interpretation of sequence polymorphisms mapping to regions hitherto considered to be "noncoding," ultimately relating to the identification of disease-related sequence alterations.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: N01CO12400; NHGRI NIH HHS: U01 HG003147, U01 HG003150, U01HG03147, U01HG03150; PHS HHS: N01C012400; Wellcome Trust: 077198

    Genome research 2007;17;6;746-59

  • DNA pooling: a comprehensive, multi-stage association analysis of ACSL6 and SIRT5 polymorphisms in schizophrenia.

    Chowdari KV, Northup A, Pless L, Wood J, Joo YH, Mirnics K, Lewis DA, Levitt PR, Bacanu SA and Nimgaonkar VL

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

    Many candidate gene association studies have evaluated incomplete, unrepresentative sets of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), producing non-significant results that are difficult to interpret. Using a rapid, efficient strategy designed to investigate all common SNPs, we tested associations between schizophrenia and two positional candidate genes: ACSL6 (Acyl-Coenzyme A synthetase long-chain family member 6) and SIRT5 (silent mating type information regulation 2 homologue 5). We initially evaluated the utility of DNA sequencing traces to estimate SNP allele frequencies in pooled DNA samples. The mean variances for the DNA sequencing estimates were acceptable and were comparable to other published methods (mean variance: 0.0008, range 0-0.0119). Using pooled DNA samples from cases with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders edition IV criteria) and controls (n=200, each group), we next sequenced all exons, introns and flanking upstream/downstream sequences for ACSL6 and SIRT5. Among 69 identified SNPs, case-control allele frequency comparisons revealed nine suggestive associations (P<0.2). Each of these SNPs was next genotyped in the individual samples composing the pools. A suggestive association with rs 11743803 at ACSL6 remained (allele-wise P=0.02), with diminished evidence in an extended sample (448 cases, 554 controls, P=0.062). In conclusion, we propose a multi-stage method for comprehensive, rapid, efficient and economical genetic association analysis that enables simultaneous SNP detection and allele frequency estimation in large samples. This strategy may be particularly useful for research groups lacking access to high throughput genotyping facilities. Our analyses did not yield convincing evidence for associations of schizophrenia with ACSL6 or SIRT5.

    Funded by: NIMH NIH HHS: MH45156, MH56242, MH63420, MH66263

    Genes, brain, and behavior 2007;6;3;229-39

  • Identifying leukocyte gene expression patterns associated with plasma lipid levels in human subjects.

    Ma J, Dempsey AA, Stamatiou D, Marshall KW and Liew CC

    ChondroGene, Inc., 800 Petrolia Road, Unit 15, Toronto, Ont., Canada M3J 3K4.

    Plasma lipid levels have been known to be risk factors for atherosclerosis for decades, and in recent years it has become accepted that inflammation is a crucial event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between plasma lipids and leukocytes by profiling and analyzing leukocyte gene expression in response to plasma lipid levels. We discovered several interesting patterns of leukocyte gene expression: (1) the expression of a number of immune response- and inflammation-related genes are correlated with plasma lipid levels; (2) genes involved in lipid metabolism and in the electron transport chain were positively correlated with triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels, and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) levels; (3) genes involved in platelet activation were negatively correlated with HDL levels; (4) transcription factors regulating lipogenesis-related genes were correlated with plasma lipid levels; (5) a number of genes correlated with plasma lipid levels were found to be located in the regions of known quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with hyperlipemia. Our findings suggest that leukocytes respond to changing plasma lipid levels by regulating a network of genes, including genes involved in immune response, and lipid and fatty acid metabolism.

    Atherosclerosis 2007;191;1;63-72

  • Haplotypes spanning SPEC2, PDZ-GEF2 and ACSL6 genes are associated with schizophrenia.

    Chen X, Wang X, Hossain S, O'Neill FA, Walsh D, Pless L, Chowdari KV, Nimgaonkar VL, Schwab SG, Wildenauer DB, Sullivan PF, van den Oord E and Kendler KS

    Department of Psychiatry and Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavior Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richimond, VA 23298, USA. xchen@vcu.edu

    Chromosome 5q22-33 is a region where studies have repeatedly found evidence for linkage to schizophrenia. In this report, we took a stepwise approach to systematically map this region in the Irish Study of High Density Schizophrenia Families (ISHDSF, 267 families, 1337 subjects) sample. We typed 289 SNPs in the critical interval of 8 million basepairs and found a 758 kb interval coding for the SPEC2/PDZ-GEF2/ACSL6 genes to be associated with the disease. Using sex and genotype-conditioned transmission disequilibrium test analyses, we found that 19 of the 24 typed markers were associated with the disease and the associations were sex-specific. We replicated these findings with an Irish case-control sample (657 cases and 414 controls), an Irish parent-proband trio sample (187 families, 564 subjects), a German nuclear family sample (211 families, 751 subjects) and a Pittsburgh nuclear family sample (247 families, 729 subjects). In all four samples, we replicated the sex-specific associations at the levels of both individual markers and haplotypes using sex- and genotype-conditioned analyses. Three risk haplotypes were identified in the five samples, and each haplotype was found in at least two samples. Consistent with the discovery of multiple estrogen-response elements in this region, our data showed that the impact of these haplotypes on risk for schizophrenia differed in males and females. From these data, we concluded that haplotypes underlying the SPEC2/PDZ-GEF2/ACSL6 region are associated with schizophrenia. However, due to the extended high LD in this region, we were unable to distinguish whether the association signals came from one or more of these genes.

    Funded by: NIMH NIH HHS: MH41953, MH56242, MH63480, MH66263

    Human molecular genetics 2006;15;22;3329-42

  • Multiple erythroid isoforms of human long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases are produced by switch of the fatty acid gate domains.

    Soupene E and Kuypers FA

    Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA. esoupene@chori.org

    Background: The formation of acyl-CoA by the action of acyl-CoA synthetases plays a crucial role in membrane lipid turnover, including the plasma membrane of erythrocytes. In human, five Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long-chain (ACSL) genes have been identified with as many as 3 different transcript variants for each.

    Results: Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long-chain member 6 (ACSL6) is responsible for activation of long-chain fatty acids in erythrocytes. Two additional transcript variants were also isolated from brain and testis. We report the expression in reticulocytes of two new variants and of the one isolated from brain. All three represented different spliced variants of a mutually exclusive exon pair. They encode a slightly different short motif which contains a conserved structural domain, the fatty acid Gate domain. The motifs differ in the presence of either the aromatic residue phenylalanine (Phe) or tyrosine (Tyr). Based on homology, two new isoforms for the closely related ACSL1 were predicted and characterized. One represented a switch of the Phe- to the Tyr-Gate domain motif, the other resulted from the exclusion of both. Swapping of this motif also appears to be common in all mammalian ACSL member 1 and 6 homologs.

    Conclusion: We propose that a Phe to Tyr substitution or deletion of the Gate domain, is the structural reason for the conserved alternative splicing that affects these motifs. Our findings support our hypothesis that this region is structurally important to define the activity of these enzymes.

    Funded by: NHLBI NIH HHS: HL070583, U54 HL070583

    BMC molecular biology 2006;7;21

  • t(5;12)(q23-31;p13) with ETV6-ACSL6 gene fusion in polycythemia vera.

    Murati A, Adélaïde J, Gelsi-Boyer V, Etienne A, Rémy V, Fezoui H, Sainty D, Xerri L, Vey N, Olschwang S, Birnbaum D, Chaffanet M and Mozziconacci MJ

    Leukemia 2006;20;6;1175-8

  • Revised nomenclature for the mammalian long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase gene family.

    Mashek DG, Bornfeldt KE, Coleman RA, Berger J, Bernlohr DA, Black P, DiRusso CC, Farber SA, Guo W, Hashimoto N, Khodiyar V, Kuypers FA, Maltais LJ, Nebert DW, Renieri A, Schaffer JE, Stahl A, Watkins PA, Vasiliou V and Yamamoto TT

    Departments of Nutrition and Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

    By consensus, the acyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) community, with the advice of the human and mouse genome nomenclature committees, has revised the nomenclature for the mammalian long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases. ACS is the family root name, and the human and mouse genes for the long-chain ACSs are termed ACSL1,3-6 and Acsl1,3-6, respectively. Splice variants of ACSL3, -4, -5, and -6 are cataloged. Suggestions for naming other family members and for the nonmammalian acyl-CoA synthetases are made.

    Funded by: NEI NIH HHS: EY 11490; NHGRI NIH HHS: P30 HG 00330; NHLBI NIH HHS: HL 076719; NIDDK NIH HHS: DK 066336, DK 53189, DK 56339, DK 59935, DK 60369; NIEHS NIH HHS: P30 ES 06096; NIGMS NIH HHS: GM 56850; NINDS NIH HHS: NS 37351; NLM NIH HHS: N01 LM 93533

    Journal of lipid research 2004;45;10;1958-61

  • Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.

    Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Helix Research Institute, 1532-3 Yana, Kisarazu, Chiba 292-0812, Japan.

    As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.

    Nature genetics 2004;36;1;40-5

  • A novel murine long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase expressed in brain participates in neuronal cell proliferation.

    Kee HJ, Koh JT, Yang SY, Lee ZH, Baik YH and Kim KK

    Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University, Kwangju 501-190, South Korea.

    Refsum disease (RfD) is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder of the lipid metabolism. We have identified a novel murine long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (mLACS) associated with the RfD gene using yeast two-hybrid assay. Northern blot analyses revealed that mLACS was expressed mainly in the brain and testis. mLACS was highly expressed in the brain at 2 weeks after birth and maintained through adult life. Expressions of the brain-specific LACS family increased in the PC12 cells undergoing neurite outgrowth by nerve growth factor. mLACS preferentially catalyzed the formation of arachidonoyl-CoA more than palmitoyl-CoA or oleoyl-CoA in PC12 cells. Triacsin C, an inhibitor of LACS, suppressed the cell proliferation and decreased mLACS expression in parent PC12 cells, but not in stably anti-sense mLACS cDNA-transfected cells. Our results indicate that mLACS participates in neuronal cell proliferation and differentiation, and interaction of the RfD gene with brain-selective mLACS may be involved in the pathogenesis of RfD.

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2003;305;4;925-33

  • Identification and molecular characterization of acyl-CoA synthetase in human erythrocytes and erythroid precursors.

    Malhotra KT, Malhotra K, Lubin BH and Kuypers FA

    Children's Hospital, Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr. Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA.

    Full-length cDNA species encoding two forms of acyl-CoA synthetase from a K-562 human erythroleukaemic cell line were cloned, sequenced and expressed. The first form, named long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 5 (LACS5), was found to be a novel, unreported, human acyl-CoA synthetase with high similarity to rat brain ACS2 (91% identical). The second form (66% identical with LACS5) was 97% identical with human liver LACS1. The LACS5 gene encodes a highly expressed 2.9 kb mRNA transcript in human haemopoietic stem cells from cord blood, bone marrow, reticulocytes and fetal blood cells derived from fetal liver. An additional 6.3 kb transcript is also found in these erythrocyte precursors; 2.9 and 9.6 kb transcripts of LACS5 are found in human brain, but transcripts are virtually absent from human heart, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, spleen and skeletal muscle. The 78 kDa expressed LACS5 protein used the long-chain fatty acids palmitic acid, oleic acid and arachidonic acid as substrates. Antibodies directed against LACS5 cross-reacted with erythrocyte membranes. We conclude that early erythrocyte precursors express at least two different forms of acyl-CoA synthetase and that LACS5 is present in mature erythrocyte plasma membranes.

    Funded by: NCRR NIH HHS: MO1RR01271; NHLBI NIH HHS: HL27059; NIDDK NIH HHS: DK 32094

    The Biochemical journal 1999;344 Pt 1;135-43

  • Fusion of TEL/ETV6 to a novel ACS2 in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia with t(5;12)(q31;p13).

    Yagasaki F, Jinnai I, Yoshida S, Yokoyama Y, Matsuda A, Kusumoto S, Kobayashi H, Terasaki H, Ohyashiki K, Asou N, Murohashi I, Bessho M and Hirashima K

    First Department of Internal Medicine, Saitama Medical School, Saitama, Japan. fyagasak@saitama-med.ac.jp

    We identified a novel human long fatty acyl CoA synthetase 2 gene, ACS2, as a new ETV6 fusion partner gene in a recurrent t(5;12)(q31;p13) translocation in a patient with refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) with basophilia, a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with eosinophilia, and a patient with acute eosinophilic leukemia (AEL). ACS2 is expressed in the brain and bone marrow and is highly conserved in man and rats. The resulting ETV6/ACS2 fusion transcripts showed an out-frame fusion of exon 1 of ETV6 to exon 1 of ACS2 in the AEL case, an out-frame fusion of exon 1 of ETV6 to exon 11 of ACS2 in the AML case, and a short in-frame fusion of ETV6 exon 1 to the 3' untranslated region of ACS2 in the RAEB case. Reciprocal ACS2/ETV6 transcripts were identified in two of the cases. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis with ETV6 cosmids on 12p13, and BACs and P1s on 5q31, demonstrated that the 5q31 breakpoints of the AML and AEL cases involved the 5' portion of the ACS2 gene, and that the 5q31, breakpoint of the RAEB case involved the 3' portion of the ACS2 gene. None of the resulting chimeric transcripts except for the ACS2/ETV6 transcript in the RAEB case led to a fusion protein. Disruption of the second ETV6 allele by t(12;19) was detected in the AML case by FISH analysis. These observations suggest that the disruption of ETV6 and/or ACS2 may lead to the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies with t(5;12)(q31;p13).

    Genes, chromosomes & cancer 1999;26;3;192-202

  • Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XII. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro.

    Nagase T, Ishikawa K, Suyama M, Kikuno R, Hirosawa M, Miyajima N, Tanaka A, Kotani H, Nomura N and Ohara O

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan.

    In this paper, we report the sequences of 100 cDNA clones newly determined from a set of size-fractionated human brain cDNA libraries and predict the coding sequences of the corresponding genes, named KIAA0819 to KIAA0918. These cDNA clones were selected on the basis of their coding potentials of large proteins (50 kDa and more) by using in vitro transcription/translation assays. The sequence data showed that the average sizes of the inserts and corresponding open reading frames are 4.4 kb and 2.5 kb (831 amino acid residues), respectively. Homology and motif/domain searches against the public databases indicated that the predicted coding sequences of 83 genes were similar to those of known genes, 59% of which (49 genes) were categorized as coding for proteins functionally related to cell signaling/communication, cell structure/motility and nucleic acid management. The chromosomal locations and the expression profiles of all the genes were also examined. For 54 clones including brain-specific ones, the mRNA levels were further examined among 8 brain regions (amygdala, corpus callosum, cerebellum, caudate nucleus, hippocampus, substantia nigra, subthalamic nucleus, and thalamus), spinal cord, and fetal brain.

    DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1998;5;6;355-64

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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