G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
DnaJ (Hsp40) homolog, subfamily A, member 2
G00000267 (Mus musculus)

Databases (7)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000072970 (Vega human gene)
ENSG00000069345 (Ensembl human gene)
10294 (Entrez Gene)
606 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
DNAJA2 (GeneCards)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:14884 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
O60884 (UniProt)

Synonyms (4)

  • CPR3
  • DNAJ
  • DNJ3
  • HIRIP4

Literature (15)

Pubmed - other

  • Hsp40 chaperones promote degradation of the HERG potassium channel.

    Walker VE, Wong MJ, Atanasiu R, Hantouche C, Young JC and Shrier A

    Department of Physiology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada.

    Loss of function mutations in the hERG (human ether-a-go-go related gene or KCNH2) potassium channel underlie the proarrhythmic cardiac long QT syndrome type 2. Most often this is a consequence of defective trafficking of hERG mutants to the cell surface, with channel retention and degradation at the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we identify the Hsp40 type 1 chaperones DJA1 (DNAJA1/Hdj2) and DJA2 (DNAJA2) as key modulators of hERG degradation. Overexpression of the DJAs reduces hERG trafficking efficiency, an effect eliminated by the proteasomal inhibitor lactacystin or with DJA mutants lacking their J domains essential for Hsc70/Hsp70 activation. Both DJA1 and DJA2 cause a decrease in the amount of hERG complexed with Hsc70, indicating a preferential degradation of the complex. Similar effects were observed with the E3 ubiquitin ligase CHIP. Both the DJAs and CHIP reduce hERG stability and act differentially on folding intermediates of hERG and the disease-related trafficking mutant G601S. We propose a novel role for the DJA proteins in regulating degradation and suggest that they act at a critical point in secretory pathway quality control.

    Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research: 103329-1, 68825-2, 70306-1, MOP-68825, MOP-86589; PHS HHS: 103329-1, 68825-2, 70306-1

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2010;285;5;3319-29

  • RDJ2 (DNAJA2) chaperones neural G protein signaling pathways.

    Rosales-Hernandez A, Beck KE, Zhao X, Braun AP and Braun JE

    Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N1.

    A number of structurally divergent proteins with J domains, called J proteins, interact with and activate the ATPase of Hsp70s, thereby harnessing the ATPase activity for conformational work on target proteins. The precise role of most mammalian J proteins remains undefined. In this paper, we demonstrate that transient expression of the J protein, Rdj2, in HEK 293 cells increased cellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels in the presence of the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. In CNS-derived catecholaminergic neuronal cell line (CAD) neuroblastoma cells, expression of Rdj2 increased isoproterenol-stimulated phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). Moreover, we have characterized the binding properties of Rdj2 and observed a direct interaction between Rdj2 and receptor-coupled trimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins). We further show that the composition of the Rdj2-chaperone complex and the cysteine string protein (CSPalpha)-chaperone complex, another J protein, is distinct. Our data demonstrate that Rdj2 modulates G protein signaling and further suggest that chaperoning G proteins is an emerging theme of the J protein network.

    Cell stress & chaperones 2009;14;1;71-82

  • Functional divergence between co-chaperones of Hsc70.

    Tzankov S, Wong MJ, Shi K, Nassif C and Young JC

    Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada.

    The ATPase cycle of the chaperone Hsc70 is regulated by co-chaperones; Hsp40/DnaJ-related proteins stimulate ATP hydrolysis by Hsc70 and can bind unfolded polypeptides themselves. Conversely, various nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) stimulate ADP-ATP exchange by Hsc70. We analyzed the purified Hsp40-related co-chaperones DJA1 (Hdj2) and DJA2 (Hdj3) and found that they had a distinct pattern of binding to a range of polypeptides. DJA2 alone could stimulate Hsc70-mediated refolding of luciferase in the absence of NEF, whereas DJA1 was much less active. The addition of the Bag1 NEF increased refolding by Hsc70 and DJA2, as did the newly characterized NEF Hsp110, but each NEF had a different optimal concentration ratio to Hsc70. Notably, the NEF HspBP1 could not increase refolding by Hsc70 and DJA2 at any concentration, and none of the NEFs improved the refolding activity with DJA1. Instead, DJA1 was inhibitory of refolding with DJA2 and Hsc70. All combinations of DJA1 or DJA2 with the three NEFs stimulated the Hsc70 ATPase rate, although Hsp110 became less effective with increasing concentrations. A chimeric DJA2 having its Hsc70-stimulatory J domain replaced with that of DJA1 was functional for polypeptide binding and ATPase stimulation of Hsc70. However, it could not support efficient Hsc70-mediated refolding and also inhibited refolding with DJA2 and Hsc70. These results suggest a more complex model of Hsc70 mechanism than has been previously thought, with notable functional divergence between Hsc70 co-chaperones.

    Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research: 68825-1, 68825-2, 70306-1; PHS HHS: 68825-1, 68825-2, 70306-1

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2008;283;40;27100-9

  • Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks.

    Olsen JV, Blagoev B, Gnad F, Macek B, Kumar C, Mortensen P and Mann M

    Center for Experimental BioInformatics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense, Denmark.

    Cell signaling mechanisms often transmit information via posttranslational protein modifications, most importantly reversible protein phosphorylation. Here we develop and apply a general mass spectrometric technology for identification and quantitation of phosphorylation sites as a function of stimulus, time, and subcellular location. We have detected 6,600 phosphorylation sites on 2,244 proteins and have determined their temporal dynamics after stimulating HeLa cells with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and recorded them in the Phosida database. Fourteen percent of phosphorylation sites are modulated at least 2-fold by EGF, and these were classified by their temporal profiles. Surprisingly, a majority of proteins contain multiple phosphorylation sites showing different kinetics, suggesting that they serve as platforms for integrating signals. In addition to protein kinase cascades, the targets of reversible phosphorylation include ubiquitin ligases, guanine nucleotide exchange factors, and at least 46 different transcriptional regulators. The dynamic phosphoproteome provides a missing link in a global, integrative view of cellular regulation.

    Cell 2006;127;3;635-48

  • Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes.

    Kimura K, Wakamatsu A, Suzuki Y, Ota T, Nishikawa T, Yamashita R, Yamamoto J, Sekine M, Tsuritani K, Wakaguri H, Ishii S, Sugiyama T, Saito K, Isono Y, Irie R, Kushida N, Yoneyama T, Otsuka R, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Kondo H, Wagatsuma M, Murakawa K, Ishida S, Ishibashi T, Takahashi-Fujii A, Tanase T, Nagai K, Kikuchi H, Nakai K, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Life Science Research Laboratory, Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, 185-8601, Japan.

    By analyzing 1,780,295 5'-end sequences of human full-length cDNAs derived from 164 kinds of oligo-cap cDNA libraries, we identified 269,774 independent positions of transcriptional start sites (TSSs) for 14,628 human RefSeq genes. These TSSs were clustered into 30,964 clusters that were separated from each other by more than 500 bp and thus are very likely to constitute mutually distinct alternative promoters. To our surprise, at least 7674 (52%) human RefSeq genes were subject to regulation by putative alternative promoters (PAPs). On average, there were 3.1 PAPs per gene, with the composition of one CpG-island-containing promoter per 2.6 CpG-less promoters. In 17% of the PAP-containing loci, tissue-specific use of the PAPs was observed. The richest tissue sources of the tissue-specific PAPs were testis and brain. It was also intriguing that the PAP-containing promoters were enriched in the genes encoding signal transduction-related proteins and were rarer in the genes encoding extracellular proteins, possibly reflecting the varied functional requirement for and the restricted expression of those categories of genes, respectively. The patterns of the first exons were highly diverse as well. On average, there were 7.7 different splicing types of first exons per locus partly produced by the PAPs, suggesting that a wide variety of transcripts can be achieved by this mechanism. Our findings suggest that use of alternate promoters and consequent alternative use of first exons should play a pivotal role in generating the complexity required for the highly elaborated molecular systems in humans.

    Genome research 2006;16;1;55-65

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • A tagging-via-substrate technology for detection and proteomics of farnesylated proteins.

    Kho Y, Kim SC, Jiang C, Barma D, Kwon SW, Cheng J, Jaunbergs J, Weinbaum C, Tamanoi F, Falck J and Zhao Y

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9038.

    A recently developed proteomics strategy, designated tagging-via-substrate (TAS) approach, is described for the detection and proteomic analysis of farnesylated proteins. TAS technology involves metabolic incorporation of a synthetic azido-farnesyl analog and chemoselective derivatization of azido-farnesyl-modified proteins by an elegant version of Staudinger reaction, pioneered by the Bertozzi group, using a biotinylated phosphine capture reagent. The resulting protein conjugates can be specifically detected and/or affinity-purified by streptavidin-linked horseradish peroxidase or agarose beads, respectively. Thus, the technology enables global profiling of farnesylated proteins by enriching farnesylated proteins and reducing the complexity of farnesylation subproteome. Azido-farnesylated proteins maintain the properties of protein farnesylation, including promoting membrane association, Ras-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase activation, and inhibition of lovastatin-induced apoptosis. A proteomic analysis of farnesylated proteins by TAS technology revealed 18 farnesylated proteins, including those with potentially novel farnesylation motifs, suggesting that future use of this method is likely to yield novel insight into protein farnesylation. TAS technology can be extended to other posttranslational modifications, such as geranylgeranylation and myristoylation, thus providing powerful tools for detection, quantification, and proteomic analysis of posttranslationally modified proteins.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA 41996, CA 85146, CA32737, P01 CA032737, R01 CA041996, U01 CA085146; NIGMS NIH HHS: GM 31278, GM 56372, R01 GM031278

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2004;101;34;12479-84

  • Yeast genes that enhance the toxicity of a mutant huntingtin fragment or alpha-synuclein.

    Willingham S, Outeiro TF, DeVit MJ, Lindquist SL and Muchowski PJ

    Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7280, USA.

    Genome-wide screens were performed in yeast to identify genes that enhance the toxicity of a mutant huntingtin fragment or of alpha-synuclein. Of 4850 haploid mutants containing deletions of nonessential genes, 52 were identified that were sensitive to a mutant huntingtin fragment, 86 that were sensitive to alpha-synuclein, and only one mutant that was sensitive to both. Genes that enhanced toxicity of the mutant huntingtin fragment clustered in the functionally related cellular processes of response to stress, protein folding, and ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolism, whereas genes that modified alpha-synuclein toxicity clustered in the processes of lipid metabolism and vesicle-mediated transport. Genes with human orthologs were overrepresented in our screens, suggesting that we may have discovered conserved and nonoverlapping sets of cell-autonomous genes and pathways that are relevant to Huntington's disease and Parkinson's disease.

    Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003;302;5651;1769-72

  • Human DnaJ homologs dj2 and dj3, and bag-1 are positive cochaperones of hsc70.

    Terada K and Mori M

    Department of Molecular Genetics, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Honjo 2-2-1, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan. terada@gpo.kumamoto-u.ac.jp

    DnaJ is an essential cochaperone of mammalian heat shock cognate 70 (hsc70) protein. We previously found that dj2 (HSDJ/hdj-2/rdj1), rather than dj1 (hsp40/hdj-1), is a partner DnaJ for the hsc70-based chaperone system. Here, we compared the distribution of dj1, dj2, and the newly found dj3 (cpr3/DNJ3/HIRIP4/rdj2) in cultured cells. Both dj3 as well as dj2 were farnesylated and were ubiquitously expressed. In immunocytochemical and subfractionation studies, these two proteins colocalized with hsc70 under normal conditions. However, dj1 and hsc70 apparently colocalized in the nucleoli after heat shock. Simultaneous depletion of dj2 and dj3 from rabbit reticulocyte lysate markedly reduced mitochondrial import of pre-ornithine transcarbamylase and refolding of guanidine-denatured luciferase. Re-addition of either dj2 or dj3 led to recovery of these reactions. In a reconstituted system, both hsc70-dj2 and hsc70-dj3 were effective in protein refolding. Anti-apoptotic protein bag-1 further stimulated ATP hydrolysis and protein refolding by both pairs. Thus, dj2 and dj3 are the partner DnaJs of hsc70 within the cell, functionally similar and much more efficient than dj1, and bag-1 is a positive cochaperone of the hsc70-dj2 and hsc70-dj3 systems.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2000;275;32;24728-34

  • Mammalian HSP40/DNAJ homologs: cloning of novel cDNAs and a proposal for their classification and nomenclature.

    Ohtsuka K and Hata M

    Laboratory of Experimental Radiology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya, Japan. kohtsuka@aichi-cc.pref.aichi.jp

    We have cloned 10 novel full-length cDNAs of mouse and human HSP40/DNAJ homologs using expressed sequence tag (EST) clones found in the DDBJ/GenBank/EMBL DNA database. In this report, we tentatively designated them mHsp40, mDj3, mDj4, mDj5, mDj6, mDj7, mDj8, hDj9, mDj10, and mDj11. Based on the identity of the deduced amino acid sequences, mHsp40, mDj3, and mDj11 are orthologs of human Hsp40, rat Rdj2, and human Tpr2, respectively. We determined that mDj4 is identical with the recently isolated mouse Mrj (mammalian relative of DnaJ). PSORT analysis (a program that predicts the subcellular localization site of a given protein from its amino acid sequences) revealed that hDj9 has an N-terminal signal peptide; hence, its localization might be extracellular, suggesting that there may be a partner Hsp70 protein that acts together with the hDj9 outside of the cell. The same analysis indicated that mDj7 and mDj10 may have transmembrane domains. In order to simplify the complicated and confusing nomenclature of recently identified mammalian HSP40/DNAJ homologs, we propose here some new rules for their nomenclature. This proposed nomenclature includes the name of species with 2 lowercase letters such as hs (Homo sapiens), mm (Mus musculus) and rn (Rattus norvegicus); Dj standing for DnaJ; the name of types with A, B, and C, which were previously classified as type I, II, and III according to the domain structure of the homologs; and finally Arabic numerals according to the chronological order of registration of the sequence data into the database.

    Cell stress & chaperones 2000;5;2;98-112

  • The membrane-bound DnaJ protein located at the cytosolic site of glyoxysomes specifically binds the cytosolic isoform 1 of Hsp70 but not other Hsp70 species.

    Diefenbach J and Kindl H

    Fachbereich Chemie der Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany.

    DnaJ proteins are located in various compartments of the eukaryotic cell. As previously shown, peroxisomes and glyoxysomes possess a membrane-anchored form of DnaJ protein located on the cytosolic face. Hints as to how the membrane-bound co-chaperone interacts with cytosolic soluble chaperones were obtained by examining the affinity between the DnaJ protein and various potential partners of the Hsp70 family. Two genes encoding cytosolic Hsp70 isoforms were isolated and characterized from cucumber cotyledons. In addition, cDNAs encoding Hsp70 forms attributed to the cytosol, plastids and the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum were prepared. His-tagged DnaJ proteins and glutathione S-transferase-Hsp70 fusion proteins were constructed. Using these tools, it was demonstrated that the soluble His-tagged form of DnaJ protein exclusively binds the cytosolic isoform 1 of Hsp70. This interaction was further analyzed by characterizing the interaction between the glyoxysome-bound form of the DnaJ protein and various isoforms of Hsp70. Specific binding to the glyoxysomal surface was only observed in the case of cytosolic isoform 1 of Hsp70. This interaction was strictly dependent on the presence of ADP. Glyoxysomes did not bind other cytosolic or plastidic isoforms or the BiP-related form of Hsp70. Analyzing the enzymatic properties of cytosolic Hsp70s, we showed that the ATPase-modulating activity of DnaJ was highest when isoform 1 was assayed. Collectively, the data indicate that the partner of the DnaJ protein anchored at the glyoxysomal membrane is the cytosolic isoform 1 of Hsp70. In addition to the chaperones located at the surface of glyoxysomes, two isoforms of Hsp70 and one soluble form of DnaJ protein were detected in the glyoxysomal matrix.

    European journal of biochemistry 2000;267;3;746-54

  • Antigens recognized by autologous antibody in patients with renal-cell carcinoma.

    Scanlan MJ, Gordan JD, Williamson B, Stockert E, Bander NH, Jongeneel V, Gure AO, Jäger D, Jäger E, Knuth A, Chen YT and Old LJ

    Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, New York Branch at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA. scanlanm@mskcc.org

    The screening of cDNA expression libraries derived from human tumors with autologous antibody (SEREX) is a powerful method for defining the structure of tumor antigens recognized by the humoral immune system. Sixty-five distinct antigens (NY-REN-1 to NY-REN-65) reactive with autologous IgG were identified by SEREX analysis of 4 renal cancer patients and were characterized in terms of cDNA sequence, mRNA expression pattern, and reactivity with allogeneic sera. REN-9, -10, -19, and -26 have a known association with human cancer. REN-9 (LUCA-15) and REN-10 (gene 21) map to the small cell lung cancer tumor suppressor gene locus on chromosome 3p21.3. REN-19 is equivalent to LKB1/STK11, a gene that is defective in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and cancer. REN-26 is encoded by the bcr gene involved in the [t(9:22)] bcr/abl translocation. Genes encoding 3 of the antigens in the series showed differential mRNA expression; REN-3 displays a pattern of tissue-specific isoforms, and REN-21 and REN-43 are expressed at a high level in testis in comparison to 15 other normal tissues. The other 62 antigens were broadly expressed in normal tissues. With regard to immunogenicity, 20 of the 65 antigens reacted only with autologous sera. Thirty-three antigens reacted with sera from normal donors, indicating that their immunogenicity is not restricted to cancer. The remaining 12 antigens reacted with sera from 5-25% of the cancer patients but not with sera from normal donors. Seventy percent of the renal cancer patients had antibodies directed against one or more of these 12 antigens. Our results demonstrate the potential of the SEREX approach for the analysis of the humoral immune response against human cancer.

    International journal of cancer 1999;83;4;456-64

  • Core histones and HIRIP3, a novel histone-binding protein, directly interact with WD repeat protein HIRA.

    Lorain S, Quivy JP, Monier-Gavelle F, Scamps C, Lécluse Y, Almouzni G and Lipinski M

    Biologie des Tumeurs Humaines, CNRS UMR 1598, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

    The human HIRA gene has been named after Hir1p and Hir2p, two corepressors which together appear to act on chromatin structure to control gene transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. HIRA homologs are expressed in a regulated fashion during mouse and chicken embryogenesis, and the human gene is a major candidate for the DiGeorge syndrome and related developmental disorders caused by a reduction to single dose of a fragment of chromosome 22q. Western blot analysis and double-immunofluorescence experiments using a specific antiserum revealed a primary nuclear localization of HIRA. Similar to Hir1p, HIRA contains seven amino-terminal WD repeats and probably functions as part of a multiprotein complex. HIRA and core histone H2B were found to physically interact in a yeast double-hybrid protein interaction trap, in GST pull-down assays, and in coimmunoprecipitation experiments performed from cellular extracts. In vitro, HIRA also interacted with core histone H4. H2B- and H4-binding domains were overlapping but distinguishable in the carboxy-terminal region of HIRA, and the region for HIRA interaction was mapped to the amino-terminal tail of H2B and the second alpha helix of H4. HIRIP3 (HIRA-interacting protein 3) is a novel gene product that was identified from its HIRA-binding properties in the yeast protein interaction trap. In vitro, HIRIP3 directly interacted with HIRA but also with core histones H2B and H3, suggesting that a HIRA-HIRIP3-containing complex could function in some aspects of chromatin and histone metabolism. Insufficient production of HIRA, which we report elsewhere interacts with homeodomain-containing DNA-binding factors during mammalian embryogenesis, could perturb the stoichiometric assembly of multimolecular complexes required for normal embryonic development.

    Molecular and cellular biology 1998;18;9;5546-56

  • Human CPR (cell cycle progression restoration) genes impart a Far- phenotype on yeast cells.

    Edwards MC, Liegeois N, Horecka J, DePinho RA, Sprague GF, Tyers M and Elledge SJ

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

    Regulated cell cycle progression depends on the proper integration of growth control pathways with the basic cell cycle machinery. While many of the central molecules such as cyclins, CDKs, and CKIs are known, and many of the kinases and phosphatases that modify the CDKs have been identified, little is known about the additional layers of regulation that impinge upon these molecules. To identify new regulators of cell proliferation, we have selected for human and yeast cDNAs that when overexpressed were capable of specifically overcoming G1 arrest signals from the cell cycle branch of the mating pheromone pathway, while still maintaining the integrity of the transcriptional induction branch. We have identified 13 human CPR (cell cycle progression restoration) genes and 11 yeast OPY (overproduction-induced pheromone-resistant yeast) genes that specifically block the G1 arrest by mating pheromone. The CPR genes represent a variety of biochemical functions including a new cyclin, a tumor suppressor binding protein, chaperones, transcription factors, translation factors, RNA-binding proteins, as well as novel proteins. Several CPR genes require individual CLNs to promote pheromone resistance and those that require CLN3 increase the basal levels of Cln3 protein. Moreover, several of the yeast OPY genes have overlapping functions with the human CPR genes, indicating a possible conservation of roles.

    Funded by: NEI NIH HHS: EY-09300; NICHD NIH HHS: HD-28317; PHS HHS: T326M07288

    Genetics 1997;147;3;1063-76

Gene lists (5)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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