G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
solute carrier family 8 (sodium/calcium exchanger), member 2
G00000119 (Mus musculus)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000071741 (Vega human gene)
ENSG00000118160 (Ensembl human gene)
6543 (Entrez Gene)
286 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
SLC8A2 (GeneCards)
601901 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:11069 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q9UPR5 (UniProt)

Synonyms (2)

  • KIAA1087
  • NCX2

Literature (5)

Pubmed - other

  • Inhibitory interaction of the plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+ exchangers with the 14-3-3 proteins.

    Pulina MV, Rizzuto R, Brini M and Carafoli E

    Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, and Department of Biochemistry, University of Padova, 35100 Padova, Italy.

    The three Na+/Ca2+ exchanger isoforms, NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3, contain a large cytoplasmic loop that is responsible for the regulation of activity. We have used 347 residues of the loop of NCX2 as the bait in a yeast two-hybrid approach to identify proteins that could interact with the exchanger and regulate its activity. Screening of a human brain cDNA library identified the epsilon and zeta isoforms of the 14-3-3 protein family as interacting partners of the exchanger. The interaction was confirmed by immunoprecipitation and in vitro binding experiments. The effect of the interaction on the homeostasis of Ca2+ was investigated by co-expressing NCX2 and 14-3-3epsilon in HeLa cells together with the recombinant Ca2+ probe aequorin; the ability of cells expressing both NCX2 and 14-3-3epsilon to dispose of a Ca2+ transient induced by an InsP3-producing agonist was substantially decreased, indicating a reduction of NCX2 activity. The 14-3-3epsilon protein also inhibited the NCX1 and NCX3 isoforms. In vitro binding experiments revealed that all three NCX isoforms interacted with multiple 14-3-3 isoforms. 14-3-3 was bound by both phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated NCX, but the phosphorylated form had much higher binding affinity.

    Funded by: Telethon: GP0193Y01

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2006;281;28;19645-54

  • Calcineurin inhibits Na+/Ca2+ exchange in phenylephrine-treated hypertrophic cardiomyocytes.

    Katanosaka Y, Iwata Y, Kobayashi Y, Shibasaki F, Wakabayashi S and Shigekawa M

    Department of Molecular Physiology, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Fujishiro-dai 5-7, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.

    The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX1) is the predominant mechanism for the extrusion of Ca(2+) from beating cardiomyocytes. The role of protein phosphorylation in the regulation of NCX1 function in normal and diseased hearts remains unclear. In our search for proteins that interact with NCX1 using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we found that the C terminus of calcineurin Abeta, containing the autoinhibitory domain, binds to the beta1 repeat of the central cytoplasmic loop of NCX1 that presumably constitutes part of the allosteric Ca(2+) regulatory site. The association of NCX1 with calcineurin was significantly increased in the BIO14.6 cardiomyopathic hamster heart compared with that in the normal control. In hypertrophic neonatal rat cardiomyocytes subjected to chronic phenylephrine treatment, we observed a marked depression of NCX activity measured as the rate of Na(+)(i)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake or the rate of Na(+)(o)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) efflux. Depressed NCX activity was partially and independently reversed by the acute inhibition of calcineurin and protein kinase C activities with little effect on myocyte hypertrophic phenotypes. Studies of NCX1 deletion mutants expressed in CCL39 cells were consistent with the view that the beta1 repeat is required for the action of endogenous calcineurin and that the large cytoplasmic loop may be required to maintain the interaction of the enzyme with its substrate. Our data suggest that NCX1 is a novel regulatory target for calcineurin and that depressed NCX activity might contribute to the etiology of in vivo cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction occurring under conditions in which both calcineurin and protein kinase C are chronically activated.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2005;280;7;5764-72

  • Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XIV. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro.

    Kikuno R, Nagase T, Ishikawa K, Hirosawa M, Miyajima N, Tanaka A, Kotani H, Nomura N and Ohara O

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan.

    To extend our cDNA project for accumulating basic information on unidentified human genes, we newly determined the sequences of 100 cDNA clones from a set of size-fractionated human adult and fetal brain cDNA libraries, and predicted the coding sequences of the corresponding genes, named KIAA1019 to KIAA1118. The sequencing of these clones revealed that the average size of the inserts and corresponding open reading frames were 5.0 kb and 2.6 kb (880 amino acid residues), respectively. Database search of the predicted amino acid sequences classified 58 predicted gene products into the five functional categories, such as cell signaling/communication, cell structure/motility, nucleic acid management, protein management and cell division. It was also found that, for 34 gene products, homologues were detected in the databases, which were similar in sequence through almost the entire regions. The chromosomal locations of the genes were determined by using human-rodent hybrid panels unless their mapping data were already available in the public databases. The expression profiles of all the genes among 10 human tissues, 8 brain regions (amygdala, corpus callosum, cerebellum, caudate nucleus, hippocampus, substania nigra, subthalamic nucleus, and thalamus), spinal cord, fetal brain and fetal liver were also examined by reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction, products of which were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

    DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1999;6;3;197-205

  • Cloning of the NCX2 isoform of the plasma membrane Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger.

    Li Z, Matsuoka S, Hryshko LV, Nicoll DA, Bersohn MM, Burke EP, Lifton RP and Philipson KD

    Department of Physiology, UCLA School of Medicine 90024-1760.

    The Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger is an important regulator of cellular Ca2+ levels, and one isoform of this transporter, NCX1, has been cloned previously (Nicoll, D.A., Longoni, S., and Philipson, K.D. (1990) Science 250, 562-565). We now report the cloning of a second isoform (NCX2) of the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger which was present in a rat brain cDNA library. NCX2 is predicted to code for a protein of 921 amino acids. NCX1 and NCX2 are 61 and 65% identical at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively, and are the products of different genes. The genes for NCX1 and NCX2 are located on human chromosomes 2 and 14, respectively. Hydropathy profiles of the two exchangers are very similar. Transcripts of NCX2 are detected in brain and skeletal muscle. NCX2 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes and Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange activity was analyzed electrophysiologically by the giant inside-out, excised patch technique. Outward currents were evoked by the application of Na+ with the exchanger operating in the reversed mode (extracellular Ca2+ exchanging for intracellular Na+). The affinity for Na+ (30 mM) and the current-voltage relationship of NCX2 are similar to those for NCX1. Like NCX1, NCX2 is secondarily regulated by intracellular Ca2+, but the affinity of NCX2 for regulatory Ca2+ (1.5 microM) upon initial application of Na+ is lower than that of NCX1 (0.3 microM). The existence of multiple Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger isoforms may provide flexibility for regulation and expression.

    Funded by: NHLBI NIH HHS: HL48509, HL49101

    The Journal of biological chemistry 1994;269;26;17434-9

Gene lists (4)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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