G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
G00000044
Gene symbol
LRRC7 (HGNC)
Species
Homo sapiens
Description
leucine rich repeat containing 7
Orthologue
G00000019 (Mus musculus)

Databases (6)

Gene
ENSG00000033122 (Ensembl human gene)
57554 (Entrez Gene)
1058 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
LRRC7 (GeneCards)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:18531 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q96NW7 (UniProt)

Synonyms (2)

  • KIAA1365
  • densin-180

Literature (16)

Pubmed - other

  • Toward a confocal subcellular atlas of the human proteome.

    Barbe L, Lundberg E, Oksvold P, Stenius A, Lewin E, Björling E, Asplund A, Pontén F, Brismar H, Uhlén M and Andersson-Svahn H

    Department of Biotechnology, AlbaNova University Center, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.

    Information on protein localization on the subcellular level is important to map and characterize the proteome and to better understand cellular functions of proteins. Here we report on a pilot study of 466 proteins in three human cell lines aimed to allow large scale confocal microscopy analysis using protein-specific antibodies. Approximately 3000 high resolution images were generated, and more than 80% of the analyzed proteins could be classified in one or multiple subcellular compartment(s). The localizations of the proteins showed, in many cases, good agreement with the Gene Ontology localization prediction model. This is the first large scale antibody-based study to localize proteins into subcellular compartments using antibodies and confocal microscopy. The results suggest that this approach might be a valuable tool in conjunction with predictive models for protein localization.

    Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2008;7;3;499-508

  • Association analysis of podocyte slit diaphragm genes as candidates for diabetic nephropathy.

    Ihalmo P, Wessman M, Kaunisto MA, Kilpikari R, Parkkonen M, Forsblom C, Holthöfer H, Groop PH and FinnDiane Study Group

    Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

    The slit diaphragm is an adhesion and signalling protein complex linking the interdigitating podocyte foot processes in the kidney glomerulus, and mutations in slit diaphragm-associated genes result in severe proteinuria. Here we report a genetic association analysis of four slit diaphragm genes, LRRC7, KIRREL, NPHS2 and ACTN4, in a Finnish diabetic nephropathy cohort.

    A total of 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 1103 patients with type 1 diabetes. The patients were classified according to their renal status, and the genotype data were analysed in a cross-sectional case-control setting. To confirm positive associations, four SNPs were genotyped in 1,025 additional patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Results: No associations with diabetic nephropathy were observed for any of the analysed SNPs. The SNPs were not associated with the time from the onset of diabetes to the diagnosis of nephropathy or with glomerular filtration rate or AER as quantitative variables. In a sex-specific sub-analysis, the variants rs979972 and rs749701 in the first intron of ACTN4 were nominally associated with diabetic nephropathy in females, with odds ratios of 1.81 (95% CI 1.18-2.79, p = 0.007) and 1.93 (95% CI 1.26-2.96, p = 0.003) respectively.

    Our study has not found any evidence that common variants in LRRC7, KIRREL, NPHS2 and ACTN4 contribute to susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy in Finnish patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Diabetologia 2008;51;1;86-90

  • Densin and beta-catenin form a complex and co-localize in cultured podocyte cell junctions.

    Heikkilä E, Ristola M, Endlich K, Lehtonen S, Lassila M, Havana M, Endlich N, Holthöfer H and Addnet Consortium

    Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

    Densin is a member of LAP (leucine-rich repeat and PDZ domain) protein family that localizes in kidney to slit diaphragms, which are essential components of the glomerular filtration barrier. We have previously shown that densin interacts with a crucial slit diaphragm protein, nephrin. Here, we searched for novel binding partners of densin by yeast-two hybrid assay and identified beta-catenin. The interaction was confirmed by reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation assay and the binding site in densin was determined by GST-pull down assays. The GST-tagged densin was also able to pull down P-cadherin together with beta-catenin from human kidney glomerular lysates. Furthermore, densin co-localized with beta-catenin and F-actin in cell-cell contacts in cultured mouse podocytes. During cell-cell contact disruption and reformation densin and beta-catenin were dislocated from and relocated back to plasma membrane in a similar fashion. These and our previous findings suggest that densin may associate with the cadherin-catenin and nephrin complex(es), and may be involved in the formation of the cell-cell contacts including the slit diaphragm.

    Molecular and cellular biochemistry 2007;305;1-2;9-18

  • Densin is a novel cell membrane protein of Sertoli cells in the testis.

    Lassila M, Juhila J, Heikkilä E and Holthöfer H

    Research Program in Molecular Medicine, Biomedicum, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. markus.lassila@helsinki.fi

    Cell-cell interactions between Sertoli cells and germ cells are crucial for the maturation of germ cells in spermatogenesis but the structural and functional aspects of the interactions remain to be fully elucidated. Densin is a junction protein suggested to play a role in establishment of specific cell-cell contacts in the post-synaptic densities of the brain and the slit diaphragm of the kidney podocyte. In the present study, densin was discovered to be expressed in the testis of the man and the mouse. Expression of densin at the gene and the protein level was studied by using RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses, and the localization of densin was explored with immunofluorescence staining. RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses showed that densin is expressed at the gene and the protein levels. Immunofluorescence staining localized the expression of densin to the cell membranes of Sertoli cells suggesting that densin may be an adherens junction protein between Sertoli cells and developing germ cells. Densin is a novel testicular protein expressed in the cell membranes of Sertoli cells. Its functional role remains to be assessed.

    Molecular reproduction and development 2007;74;5;641-5

  • Densin and filtrin in the pancreas and in the kidney, targets for humoral autoimmunity in patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Rinta-Valkama J, Aaltonen P, Lassila M, Palmén T, Tossavainen P, Knip M and Holthöfer H

    Biomedicum Helsinki, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, Finland.

    The development of autoantibodies against antigens of the pancreatic islet cells is a typical phenomenon in patients with type 1 diabetes. The expression of densin, recently shown to be present in kidney podocytes, was explored in the pancreas. Additionally, we studied whether densin and filtrin, another molecule shared between the kidney podocytes and pancreatic islet cells, can act as autoantigens and whether autoantibodies against these can be detected in patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Methods: Expression of pancreatic densin was studied with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence. Children and adolescents (n = 66) with type 1 diabetes and control subjects were analysed for densin autoantibodies (DAA) and filtrin autoantibodies (FAA) using radioimmunoprecipitation assay. The serum samples were obtained at the time of diagnosis and after a duration of 2, 5 and 10 years.

    Results: Densin expression was observed in the pancreas, localising to the beta cells. DAA were detected in 33% of the patients and the positivity was typically seen already at diagnosis. FAA were observed in 11% of the patients. The proportion of islet cell antibody (ICA) positive, GADA positive and protein tyrosine phosphatase-related islet antigen 2 antibody (IA-2A)-positive patients decreased during the follow-up period, and a similar trend was seen for DAA but not for FAA. Among the 14 patients with signs of renal injury, four tested positive for DAA and two for FAA.

    Conclusions: Densin is a novel molecule shared by the kidney glomerular podocytes and pancreatic islet cells. Densin and filtrin can act as autoantigens, and autoantibodies against these can be detected in patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews 2007;23;2;119-26

  • Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry.

    Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, Li H, Taylor P, Climie S, McBroom-Cerajewski L, Robinson MD, O'Connor L, Li M, Taylor R, Dharsee M, Ho Y, Heilbut A, Moore L, Zhang S, Ornatsky O, Bukhman YV, Ethier M, Sheng Y, Vasilescu J, Abu-Farha M, Lambert JP, Duewel HS, Stewart II, Kuehl B, Hogue K, Colwill K, Gladwish K, Muskat B, Kinach R, Adams SL, Moran MF, Morin GB, Topaloglou T and Figeys D

    Protana, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    Mapping protein-protein interactions is an invaluable tool for understanding protein function. Here, we report the first large-scale study of protein-protein interactions in human cells using a mass spectrometry-based approach. The study maps protein interactions for 338 bait proteins that were selected based on known or suspected disease and functional associations. Large-scale immunoprecipitation of Flag-tagged versions of these proteins followed by LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis resulted in the identification of 24,540 potential protein interactions. False positives and redundant hits were filtered out using empirical criteria and a calculated interaction confidence score, producing a data set of 6463 interactions between 2235 distinct proteins. This data set was further cross-validated using previously published and predicted human protein interactions. In-depth mining of the data set shows that it represents a valuable source of novel protein-protein interactions with relevance to human diseases. In addition, via our preliminary analysis, we report many novel protein interactions and pathway associations.

    Molecular systems biology 2007;3;89

  • The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.

    Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, Jones MC, Gillson C, Searle S, Zhou Y, Kokocinski F, McDonald L, Evans R, Phillips K, Atkinson A, Cooper R, Jones C, Hall RE, Andrews TD, Lloyd C, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Anderson F, Andrew RW, Ashwell RI, Aubin K, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Beasley H, Bethel G, Bird CP, Bray-Allen S, Brown JY, Brown AJ, Buckley D, Burton J, Bye J, Carder C, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clarke G, Clee C, Cobley V, Collier RE, Corby N, Coville GJ, Davies J, Deadman R, Dunn M, Earthrowl M, Ellington AG, Errington H, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Gay L, Ghori MR, Gibson R, Gilby LM, Gillett W, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Griffiths C, Griffiths-Jones S, Grocock R, Hammond S, Harrison ES, Hart E, Haugen E, Heath PD, Holmes S, Holt K, Howden PJ, Hunt AR, Hunt SE, Hunter G, Isherwood J, James R, Johnson C, Johnson D, Joy A, Kay M, Kershaw JK, Kibukawa M, Kimberley AM, King A, Knights AJ, Lad H, Laird G, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Lloyd DM, Loveland J, Lovell J, Lush MJ, Lyne R, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Matthews L, Matthews NS, McLaren S, Milne S, Mistry S, Moore MJ, Nickerson T, O'Dell CN, Oliver K, Palmeiri A, Palmer SA, Parker A, Patel D, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Pelan S, Phelps K, Phillimore BJ, Plumb R, Rajan J, Raymond C, Rouse G, Saenphimmachak C, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Shownkeen R, Sims S, Skuce CD, Smith M, Steward C, Subramanian S, Sycamore N, Tracey A, Tromans A, Van Helmond Z, Wall M, Wallis JM, White S, Whitehead SL, Wilkinson JE, Willey DL, Williams H, Wilming L, Wray PW, Wu Z, Coulson A, Vaudin M, Sulston JE, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Wooster R, Dunham I, Carter NP, McVean G, Ross MT, Harrow J, Olson MV, Beck S, Rogers J, Bentley DR, Banerjee R, Bryant SP, Burford DC, Burrill WD, Clegg SM, Dhami P, Dovey O, Faulkner LM, Gribble SM, Langford CF, Pandian RD, Porter KM and Prigmore E

    The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, The Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire CB10 1SA, UK. sgregory@chg.duhs.duke.edu

    The reference sequence for each human chromosome provides the framework for understanding genome function, variation and evolution. Here we report the finished sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Chromosome 1 is gene-dense, with 3,141 genes and 991 pseudogenes, and many coding sequences overlap. Rearrangements and mutations of chromosome 1 are prevalent in cancer and many other diseases. Patterns of sequence variation reveal signals of recent selection in specific genes that may contribute to human fitness, and also in regions where no function is evident. Fine-scale recombination occurs in hotspots of varying intensity along the sequence, and is enriched near genes. These and other studies of human biology and disease encoded within chromosome 1 are made possible with the highly accurate annotated sequence, as part of the completed set of chromosome sequences that comprise the reference human genome.

    Funded by: Medical Research Council: G0000107; Wellcome Trust

    Nature 2006;441;7091;315-21

  • Multivalent interactions of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II with the postsynaptic density proteins NR2B, densin-180, and alpha-actinin-2.

    Robison AJ, Bass MA, Jiao Y, MacMillan LB, Carmody LC, Bartlett RK and Colbran RJ

    Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Center for Molecular Neuroscience, Vanderbilt-Kennedy Center for Research on Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0615, USA.

    Dendritic calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is dynamically targeted to the synapse. We show that CaMKIIalpha is associated with the CaMKII-binding proteins densin-180, the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor NR2B subunit, and alpha-actinin in postsynaptic density-enriched rat brain fractions. Residues 819-894 within the C-terminal domain of alpha-actinin-2 constitute the minimal CaMKII-binding domain. Similar amounts of Thr286-autophosphorylated CaMKIIalpha holoenzyme [P-T286]CaMKII bind to alpha-actinin-2 as bind to NR2B (residues 1260-1339) or to densin-180 (residues 1247-1495) in glutathione-agarose cosedimentation assays, even though the CaMKII-binding domains share no amino acid sequence similarity. Like NR2B, alpha-actinin-2 binds to representative splice variants of each CaMKII gene (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta), whereas densin-180 binds selectively to CaMKIIalpha. In addition, C-terminal truncated CaMKIIalpha monomers can interact with NR2B and alpha-actinin-2, but not with densin-180. Soluble alpha-actinin-2 does not compete for [P-T286]CaMKII binding to immobilized densin-180 or NR2B. However, soluble densin-180, but not soluble NR2B, increases CaMKII binding to immobilized alpha-actinin-2 by approximately 10-fold in a PDZ domain-dependent manner. A His6-tagged NR2B fragment associates with GST-densin or GST-actinin but only in the presence of [P-T286]CaMKII. Similarly, His6-tagged densin-180 or alpha-actinin fragments associate with GST-NR2B in a [P-T286]CaMKII-dependent manner. In addition, GST-NR2B and His6-tagged alpha-actinin can bind simultaneously to monomeric CaMKII subunits. In combination, these data support a model in which [P-T286]CaMKIIalpha can simultaneously interact with multiple dendritic spine proteins, possibly stabilizing the synaptic localization of CaMKII and/or nucleating a multiprotein synaptic signaling complex.

    Funded by: NIDDK NIH HHS: 5T32-DK07563; NIMH NIH HHS: F32-MH068129, R01 MH063232, R01 MH063232-05, R01-MH63232; NINDS NIH HHS: R01-NS44282

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2005;280;42;35329-36

  • The AAA+ protein torsinA interacts with a conserved domain present in LAP1 and a novel ER protein.

    Goodchild RE and Dauer WT

    Department of Neurology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

    A glutamic acid deletion (DeltaE) in the AAA+ protein torsinA causes DYT1 dystonia. Although the majority of torsinA resides within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), torsinA binds a substrate in the lumen of the nuclear envelope (NE), and the DeltaE mutation enhances this interaction. Using a novel cell-based screen, we identify lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1) as a torsinA-interacting protein. LAP1 may be a torsinA substrate, as expression of the isolated lumenal domain of LAP1 inhibits the NE localization of "substrate trap" EQ-torsinA and EQ-torsinA coimmunoprecipitates with LAP1 to a greater extent than wild-type torsinA. Furthermore, we identify a novel transmembrane protein, lumenal domain like LAP1 (LULL1), which also appears to interact with torsinA. Interestingly, LULL1 resides in the main ER. Consequently, torsinA interacts directly or indirectly with a novel class of transmembrane proteins that are localized in different subdomains of the ER system, either or both of which may play a role in the pathogenesis of DYT1 dystonia.

    Funded by: NINDS NIH HHS: NS050528-01A1, R01 NS050528

    The Journal of cell biology 2005;168;6;855-62

  • A novel protein, densin, expressed by glomerular podocytes.

    Ahola H, Heikkilä E, Aström E, Inagaki M, Izawa I, Pavenstädt H, Kerjaschki D and Holthöfer H

    Haartman Institute, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, University Central Hospital, PB 63 (Haartmaninkatu 8), Helsinki, Finland.

    With the recent molecular findings, the podocyte is emerging as a key cell type involved in glomerular damage, but protein complexes involved remain poorly understood. To systematically search for additional podocyte molecules interacting with nephrin, a key structural molecule of the interpodocyte filtration slit, precipitation of glomerular lysates was set out with anti-nephrin antibodies to identify members of the nephrin-associated protein complex. Proteins of the precipitate were subsequently identified with MALDI-TOF mass analysis. One of the proteins thus obtained showed identity with densin, a protein originally purified from rat forebrain postsynaptic density fraction and so far shown to be highly brain-specific. The expression of densin appeared distinctly in the glomerulus and cultured podocytes by RT-PCR. Immunoblotting studies revealed a specific band of 185 kD in brain and cultured podocytes; in human glomerulus, densin appeared as a 210-kD band. By immunocytochemistry, densin localizes in glomeruli in a podocyte-like pattern. Electron microscopic studies revealed densin localization in the slit diaphragm area. Due to its known involvement in the synaptic organization, maintenance of cell shape and polarity in nerve cells, together with its demonstrated interactions with alpha-actinin-4, densin may share the same functions in podocytes by associating with the nephrin interacting protein complex at the slit diaphragm.

    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 2003;14;7;1731-7

  • Cloning and characterization of a novel splice variant of the brain-specific protein densin-180.

    Wang L, Xu J, Wu Q, Dai J, Ye X, Zeng L, Ji C, Gu S, Zhao RC, Xie Y and Mao Y

    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China.

    Densin-180 is a brain-specific synaptic protein of the o-sialoglycoprotein family. It functions in specific adhesion between presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes at glutamatergic synapses. We have cloned a novel splice variant of densin-180 from a fetal brain cDNA library and termed it LRRC7. It is located on 1p31 and consists of 8 exons. It encodes a putative protein of 216 amino acids which contains a nuclear localization signal and four leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). LRRs are 20-29 residue sequence motifs present in a number of proteins with diverse functions. Expression analysis of LRRC7 shows it is expressed ubiquitously while its splice variant densin-180 is brain-specific.

    International journal of molecular medicine 2003;11;2;257-60

  • Densin-180, a synaptic protein, links to PSD-95 through its direct interaction with MAGUIN-1.

    Ohtakara K, Nishizawa M, Izawa I, Hata Y, Matsushima S, Taki W, Inada H, Takai Y and Inagaki M

    Division of Biochemistry, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8681, Japan.

    Background: Densin-180, a brain-specific protein highly concentrated at the postsynaptic density (PSD), belongs to the LAP [leucine-rich repeats and PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ) domains] family of proteins, some of which play fundamental roles in the establishment of cell polarity.

    Results: To identify new Densin-180-interacting proteins, we screened a yeast two-hybrid library using the COOH-terminal fragment of Densin-180 containing the PDZ domain as bait, and we isolated MAGUIN-1 as a Densin-180-binding protein. MAGUIN-1, a mammalian homologue of Drosophila connector enhancer of KSR (CNK), is known to interact with PSD-95 and has a short isoform, MAGUIN-2. The Densin-180 PDZ domain bound to the COOH-terminal PDZ domain-binding motif of MAGUIN-1. Densin-180 co-immunoprecipitated with MAGUIN-1 as well as with PSD-95 from the rat brain. In dissociated hippocampal neurones Densin-180 co-localized with MAGUINs and PSD-95, mainly at neuritic spines. In transfected cells, Densin-180 formed a ternary complex with MAGUIN-1 and PSD-95, whereas no association was detected between Densin-180 and PSD-95 in the absence of MAGUIN-1. MAGUIN-1 formed a dimer or multimer via the COOH-terminal leucine-rich region which is present in MAGUIN-1 but not in -2. Among the PDZ domains of PSD-95, the first was sufficient for interaction with MAGUIN-1.

    Conclusion: These results suggest that the potential to dimerize or multimerize allows MAGUIN-1 to bind simultaneously to both Densin-180 and PSD-95, leading to the ternary complex assembly of these proteins at the postsynaptic membrane.

    Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms 2002;7;11;1149-60

  • Densin-180 interacts with delta-catenin/neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein at synapses.

    Izawa I, Nishizawa M, Ohtakara K and Inagaki M

    Division of Biochemistry, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8681, Japan.

    Densin-180, a protein purified from the postsynaptic density fraction of the rat forebrain, is the founding member of a newly described family of proteins termed the LAP (leucine-rich repeats and PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ) domains) family that plays essential roles in establishment of cell polarity. To identify Densin-180-binding proteins, we screened a yeast two-hybrid library using the carboxyl-terminal fragment of Densin-180 containing PDZ domain as bait, and we isolated delta-catenin/neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein (NPRAP) as a Densin-180-interacting protein. delta-catenin/NPRAP, a member of the armadillo repeat family, is a nervous system-specific adherens junction protein originally discovered as an interactor with presenilin-1, a protein involved in Alzheimer's disease. Densin-180 PDZ domain binds the COOH terminus of delta-catenin/NPRAP containing the PDZ domain-binding sequence. Endogenous Densin-180 was co-immunoprecipitated with delta-catenin/NPRAP and N-cadherin. Although Densin-180 was reported to be a transmembrane protein, Densin-180 was not accessible to surface biotinylation in dissociated hippocampal neurons; hence Densin-180 may be a cytosolic protein. Densin-180 co-localized with delta-catenin/NPRAP at synapses in delta-catenin/NPRAP and may be involved in organization of the synaptic cell-cell junction through interaction with the delta-catenin/NPRAP-N-cadherin complex.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2002;277;7;5345-50

  • Densin-180 forms a ternary complex with the (alpha)-subunit of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and (alpha)-actinin.

    Walikonis RS, Oguni A, Khorosheva EM, Jeng CJ, Asuncion FJ and Kennedy MB

    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.

    Densin-180 is a transmembrane protein that is tightly associated with the postsynaptic density in CNS neurons and is postulated to function as a synaptic adhesion molecule. Here we report the identification of the alpha-subunit of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and alpha-actinin-4 as potential binding partners for the densin-180 intracellular segment. We demonstrate by yeast two-hybrid and biochemical assays that the intracellular portion of densin-180, the alpha-subunit of CaMKII (CaMKIIalpha), and alpha-actinin interact with each other at distinct binding sites and can form a ternary complex stabilized by multiple interactions. Densin-180 binds specifically to the association domain of CaMKIIalpha and does not bind with high affinity to holoenzymes of CaMKII that contain beta-subunit. The PDZ (PSD-95, DIg, Z0-1) domain of densin contributes to its binding to alpha-actinin. A distinct domain of alpha-actinin interacts with the kinase domains of both alpha- and beta-subunits of CaMKII. Autophosphorylation of CaMKII increases its affinity for densin-180 from an EC(50) of >1 micrometer to an EC(50) of <75-150 nM. In contrast, phosphorylation of densin-180 by CaMKII at serine-1397 only slightly decreases its affinity for CaMKII. The specific interaction of densin-180 with holoenzymes of CaMKII containing only alpha-subunit and the increased affinity of CaMKII for densin-180 after autophosphorylation suggest that densin-180 may be involved in localization of activated CaMKII synthesized in dendrites.

    Funded by: NINDS NIH HHS: NS17660, NS28710

    The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 2001;21;2;423-33

  • Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XVI. The complete sequences of 150 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro.

    Nagase T, Kikuno R, Ishikawa KI, Hirosawa M and Ohara O

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan. nagase@kazusa.or.jp

    We have carried out a human cDNA sequencing project to accumulate information regarding the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. As an extension of the preceding reports, we herein present the entire sequences of 150 cDNA clones of unknown human genes, named KIAA1294 to KIAA1443, from two sets of size-fractionated human adult and fetal brain cDNA libraries. The average sizes of the inserts and corresponding open reading frames of cDNA clones analyzed here reached 4.8 kb and 2.7 kb (910 amino acid residues), respectively. From sequence similarities and protein motifs, 73 predicted gene products were functionally annotated and 97% of them were classified into the following four functional categories: cell signaling/communication, nucleic acid management, cell structure/motility and protein management. Additionally, the chromosomal loci of the genes were assigned by using human-rodent hybrid panels for those genes whose mapping data were not available in the public databases. The expression profiles of the genes were also studied in 10 human tissues, 8 brain regions, spinal cord, fetal brain and fetal liver by reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction, products of which were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

    DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 2000;7;1;65-73

  • Characterization of densin-180, a new brain-specific synaptic protein of the O-sialoglycoprotein family.

    Apperson ML, Moon IS and Kennedy MB

    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.

    We purified an abundant protein of apparent molecular mass 180 kDa from the postsynaptic density fraction of rat forebrain and obtained amino acid sequences of three tryptic peptides generated from the protein. The sequences were used to design a strategy for cloning the cDNA encoding the protein by polymerase chain reaction. The open reading frame of the cDNA encodes a novel protein of predicted molecular mass 167 kDa. We have named the protein densin-180. Antibodies raised against the predicted amino and carboxyl sequences of densin-180 recognize a 180 kDa band on immunoblots that is enriched in the postsynaptic density fraction. Immunocytochemical localization of densin-180 in dissociated hippocampal neuronal cultures shows that the protein is highly concentrated at synapses along dendrites. The message encoding densin-180 is brain specific and is more abundant in forebrain than in cerebellum. The sequence of densin-180 contains 17 leucine-rich repeats, a sialomucin domain, an apparent transmembrane domain, and a PDZ domain. This arrangement of domains is similar to that of several adhesion molecules, in particular GPIbalpha, which mediates binding of platelets to von Willebrand factor. We propose that densin-180 participates in specific adhesion between presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes at glutamatergic synapses.

    Funded by: NIGMS NIH HHS: GMS07616; NINDS NIH HHS: NS17660, NS28710

    The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 1996;16;21;6839-52

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000061 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 984
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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