G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Cct6a (MGI)
Mus musculus
chaperonin containing Tcp1, subunit 6a (zeta)
G00002147 (Homo sapiens)

Databases (7)

ENSMUSG00000029447 (Ensembl mouse gene)
12466 (Entrez Gene)
601 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
Gene Expression
12466 (Genepaint)
104613 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
MGI:107943 (MGI)
Protein Sequence
P80317 (UniProt)

Synonyms (3)

  • Cct6
  • Cctz-1
  • chaperonin containing TCP-1

Literature (15)

Pubmed - other

  • A high-resolution anatomical atlas of the transcriptome in the mouse embryo.

    Diez-Roux G, Banfi S, Sultan M, Geffers L, Anand S, Rozado D, Magen A, Canidio E, Pagani M, Peluso I, Lin-Marq N, Koch M, Bilio M, Cantiello I, Verde R, De Masi C, Bianchi SA, Cicchini J, Perroud E, Mehmeti S, Dagand E, Schrinner S, Nürnberger A, Schmidt K, Metz K, Zwingmann C, Brieske N, Springer C, Hernandez AM, Herzog S, Grabbe F, Sieverding C, Fischer B, Schrader K, Brockmeyer M, Dettmer S, Helbig C, Alunni V, Battaini MA, Mura C, Henrichsen CN, Garcia-Lopez R, Echevarria D, Puelles E, Garcia-Calero E, Kruse S, Uhr M, Kauck C, Feng G, Milyaev N, Ong CK, Kumar L, Lam M, Semple CA, Gyenesei A, Mundlos S, Radelof U, Lehrach H, Sarmientos P, Reymond A, Davidson DR, Dollé P, Antonarakis SE, Yaspo ML, Martinez S, Baldock RA, Eichele G and Ballabio A

    Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, Naples, Italy.

    Ascertaining when and where genes are expressed is of crucial importance to understanding or predicting the physiological role of genes and proteins and how they interact to form the complex networks that underlie organ development and function. It is, therefore, crucial to determine on a genome-wide level, the spatio-temporal gene expression profiles at cellular resolution. This information is provided by colorimetric RNA in situ hybridization that can elucidate expression of genes in their native context and does so at cellular resolution. We generated what is to our knowledge the first genome-wide transcriptome atlas by RNA in situ hybridization of an entire mammalian organism, the developing mouse at embryonic day 14.5. This digital transcriptome atlas, the Eurexpress atlas (http://www.eurexpress.org), consists of a searchable database of annotated images that can be interactively viewed. We generated anatomy-based expression profiles for over 18,000 coding genes and over 400 microRNAs. We identified 1,002 tissue-specific genes that are a source of novel tissue-specific markers for 37 different anatomical structures. The quality and the resolution of the data revealed novel molecular domains for several developing structures, such as the telencephalon, a novel organization for the hypothalamus, and insight on the Wnt network involved in renal epithelial differentiation during kidney development. The digital transcriptome atlas is a powerful resource to determine co-expression of genes, to identify cell populations and lineages, and to identify functional associations between genes relevant to development and disease.

    Funded by: Medical Research Council: MC_U127527203; Telethon: TGM11S03

    PLoS biology 2011;9;1;e1000582

  • Telencephalic embryonic subtractive sequences: a unique collection of neurodevelopmental genes.

    Bulfone A, Carotenuto P, Faedo A, Aglio V, Garzia L, Bello AM, Basile A, Andrè A, Cocchia M, Guardiola O, Ballabio A, Rubenstein JL and Zollo M

    Stem Cell Research Institute-Hospital San Raffaele, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, 20132 Milan, Italy. bulfone.alessandro@hsr.it

    The vertebrate telencephalon is composed of many architectonically and functionally distinct areas and structures, with billions of neurons that are precisely connected. This complexity is fine-tuned during development by numerous genes. To identify genes involved in the regulation of telencephalic development, a specific subset of differentially expressed genes was characterized. Here, we describe a set of cDNAs encoded by genes preferentially expressed during development of the mouse telencephalon that was identified through a functional genomics approach. Of 832 distinct transcripts found, 223 (27%) are known genes. Of the remaining, 228 (27%) correspond to expressed sequence tags of unknown function, 58 (7%) are homologs or orthologs of known genes, and 323 (39%) correspond to novel rare transcripts, including 48 (14%) new putative noncoding RNAs. As an example of this latter group of novel precursor transcripts of micro-RNAs, telencephalic embryonic subtractive sequence (TESS) 24.E3 was functionally characterized, and one of its targets was identified: the zinc finger transcription factor ZFP9. The TESS transcriptome has been annotated, mapped for chromosome loci, and arrayed for its gene expression profiles during neural development and differentiation (in Neuro2a and neural stem cells). Within this collection, 188 genes were also characterized on embryonic and postnatal tissue by in situ hybridization, demonstrating that most are specifically expressed in the embryonic CNS. The full information has been organized into a searchable database linked to other genomic resources, allowing easy access to those who are interested in the dissection of the molecular basis of telencephalic development.

    Funded by: Telethon: F.2, TGM03S01, TGM06S01

    The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 2005;25;33;7586-600

  • Libraries enriched for alternatively spliced exons reveal splicing patterns in melanocytes and melanomas.

    Watahiki A, Waki K, Hayatsu N, Shiraki T, Kondo S, Nakamura M, Sasaki D, Arakawa T, Kawai J, Harbers M, Hayashizaki Y and Carninci P

    Genome Science Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako main campus, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 Japan.

    It is becoming increasingly clear that alternative splicing enables the complex development and homeostasis of higher organisms. To gain a better understanding of how splicing contributes to regulatory pathways, we have developed an alternative splicing library approach for the identification of alternatively spliced exons and their flanking regions by alternative splicing sequence enriched tags sequencing. Here, we have applied our approach to mouse melan-c melanocyte and B16-F10Y melanoma cell lines, in which 5,401 genes were found to be alternatively spliced. These genes include those encoding important regulatory factors such as cyclin D2, Ilk, MAPK12, MAPK14, RAB4, melastatin 1 and previously unidentified splicing events for 436 genes. Real-time PCR further identified cell line-specific exons for Tmc6, Abi1, Sorbs1, Ndel1 and Snx16. Thus, the ASL approach proved effective in identifying splicing events, which suggest that alternative splicing is important in melanoma development.

    Nature methods 2004;1;3;233-9

  • Wnk1 kinase deficiency lowers blood pressure in mice: a gene-trap screen to identify potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

    Zambrowicz BP, Abuin A, Ramirez-Solis R, Richter LJ, Piggott J, BeltrandelRio H, Buxton EC, Edwards J, Finch RA, Friddle CJ, Gupta A, Hansen G, Hu Y, Huang W, Jaing C, Key BW, Kipp P, Kohlhauff B, Ma ZQ, Markesich D, Payne R, Potter DG, Qian N, Shaw J, Schrick J, Shi ZZ, Sparks MJ, Van Sligtenhorst I, Vogel P, Walke W, Xu N, Zhu Q, Person C and Sands AT

    Lexicon Genetics, 8800 Technology Forest Place, The Woodlands, TX 77381, USA. brian@lexgen.com

    The availability of both the mouse and human genome sequences allows for the systematic discovery of human gene function through the use of the mouse as a model system. To accelerate the genetic determination of gene function, we have developed a sequence-tagged gene-trap library of >270,000 mouse embryonic stem cell clones representing mutations in approximately 60% of mammalian genes. Through the generation and phenotypic analysis of knockout mice from this resource, we are undertaking a functional screen to identify genes regulating physiological parameters such as blood pressure. As part of this screen, mice deficient for the Wnk1 kinase gene were generated and analyzed. Genetic studies in humans have shown that large intronic deletions in WNK1 lead to its overexpression and are responsible for pseudohypoaldosteronism type II, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by hypertension, increased renal salt reabsorption, and impaired K+ and H+ excretion. Consistent with the human genetic studies, Wnk1 heterozygous mice displayed a significant decrease in blood pressure. Mice homozygous for the Wnk1 mutation died during embryonic development before day 13 of gestation. These results demonstrate that Wnk1 is a regulator of blood pressure critical for development and illustrate the utility of a functional screen driven by a sequence-based mutagenesis approach.

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2003;100;24;14109-14

  • A large-scale, gene-driven mutagenesis approach for the functional analysis of the mouse genome.

    Hansen J, Floss T, Van Sloun P, Füchtbauer EM, Vauti F, Arnold HH, Schnütgen F, Wurst W, von Melchner H and Ruiz P

    Institute of Developmental Genetics, GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany.

    A major challenge of the postgenomic era is the functional characterization of every single gene within the mammalian genome. In an effort to address this challenge, we assembled a collection of mutations in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, which is the largest publicly accessible collection of such mutations to date. Using four different gene-trap vectors, we generated 5,142 sequences adjacent to the gene-trap integration sites (gene-trap sequence tags; http://genetrap.de) from >11,000 ES cell clones. Although most of the gene-trap vector insertions occurred randomly throughout the genome, we found both vector-independent and vector-specific integration "hot spots." Because >50% of the hot spots were vector-specific, we conclude that the most effective way to saturate the mouse genome with gene-trap insertions is by using a combination of gene-trap vectors. When a random sample of gene-trap integrations was passaged to the germ line, 59% (17 of 29) produced an observable phenotype in transgenic mice, a frequency similar to that achieved by conventional gene targeting. Thus, gene trapping allows a large-scale and cost-effective production of ES cell clones with mutations distributed throughout the genome, a resource likely to accelerate genome annotation and the in vivo modeling of human disease.

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2003;100;17;9918-22

  • BayGenomics: a resource of insertional mutations in mouse embryonic stem cells.

    Stryke D, Kawamoto M, Huang CC, Johns SJ, King LA, Harper CA, Meng EC, Lee RE, Yee A, L'Italien L, Chuang PT, Young SG, Skarnes WC, Babbitt PC and Ferrin TE

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

    The BayGenomics gene-trap resource (http://baygenomics.ucsf.edu) provides researchers with access to thousands of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines harboring characterized insertional mutations in both known and novel genes. Each cell line contains an insertional mutation in a specific gene. The identity of the gene that has been interrupted can be determined from a DNA sequence tag. Approximately 75% of our cell lines contain insertional mutations in known mouse genes or genes that share strong sequence similarities with genes that have been identified in other organisms. These cell lines readily transmit the mutation to the germline of mice and many mutant lines of mice have already been generated from this resource. BayGenomics provides facile access to our entire database, including sequence tags for each mutant ES cell line, through the World Wide Web. Investigators can browse our resource, search for specific entries, download any portion of our database and BLAST sequences of interest against our entire set of cell line sequence tags. They can then obtain the mutant ES cell line for the purpose of generating knockout mice.

    Funded by: NCRR NIH HHS: P41 RR001081, P41 RR01081; NHLBI NIH HHS: U01 HL066621, U01 HL66621

    Nucleic acids research 2003;31;1;278-81

  • RNomics: an experimental approach that identifies 201 candidates for novel, small, non-messenger RNAs in mouse.

    Hüttenhofer A, Kiefmann M, Meier-Ewert S, O'Brien J, Lehrach H, Bachellerie JP and Brosius J

    Institute of Experimental Pathology/Molecular Neurobiology, ZMBE, 48149 Münster, Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Genetics, 14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany. huttenh@uni-muenster.de

    In mouse brain cDNA libraries generated from small RNA molecules we have identified a total of 201 different expressed RNA sequences potentially encoding novel small non-messenger RNA species (snmRNAs). Based on sequence and structural motifs, 113 of these RNAs can be assigned to the C/D box or H/ACA box subclass of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), known as guide RNAs for rRNA. While 30 RNAs represent mouse homologues of previously identified human C/D or H/ACA snoRNAs, 83 correspond to entirely novel snoRNAS: Among these, for the first time, we identified four C/D box snoRNAs and four H/ACA box snoRNAs predicted to direct modifications within U2, U4 or U6 small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). Furthermore, 25 snoRNAs from either class lacked antisense elements for rRNAs or snRNAS: Therefore, additional snoRNA targets have to be considered. Surprisingly, six C/D box snoRNAs and one H/ACA box snoRNA were expressed exclusively in brain. Of the 88 RNAs not belonging to either snoRNA subclass, at least 26 are probably derived from truncated heterogeneous nuclear RNAs (hnRNAs) or mRNAS: Short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs) are located on five RNA sequences and may represent rare examples of transcribed SINES: The remaining RNA species could not as yet be assigned either to any snmRNA class or to a part of a larger hnRNA/mRNA. It is likely that at least some of the latter will represent novel, unclassified snmRNAS:

    The EMBO journal 2001;20;11;2943-53

  • The effects of aging on gene expression in the hypothalamus and cortex of mice.

    Jiang CH, Tsien JZ, Schultz PG and Hu Y

    Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation, 3115 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

    A better understanding of the molecular effects of aging in the brain may help to reveal important aspects of organismal aging, as well as processes that lead to age-related brain dysfunction. In this study, we have examined differences in gene expression in the hypothalamus and cortex of young and aged mice by using high-density oligonucleotide arrays. A number of key genes involved in neuronal structure and signaling are differentially expressed in both the aged hypothalamus and cortex, including synaptotagmin I, cAMP-dependent protein kinase C beta, apolipoprotein E, protein phosphatase 2A, and prostaglandin D. Misregulation of these proteins may contribute to age-related memory deficits and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, many proteases that play essential roles in regulating neuropeptide metabolism, amyloid precursor protein processing, and neuronal apoptosis are up-regulated in the aged brain and likely contribute significantly to brain aging. Finally, a subset of these genes whose expression is affected by aging are oppositely affected by exposure of mice to an enriched environment, suggesting that these genes may play important roles in learning and memory.

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2001;98;4;1930-4

  • Genome-wide expression profiling of mid-gestation placenta and embryo using a 15,000 mouse developmental cDNA microarray.

    Tanaka TS, Jaradat SA, Lim MK, Kargul GJ, Wang X, Grahovac MJ, Pantano S, Sano Y, Piao Y, Nagaraja R, Doi H, Wood WH, Becker KG and Ko MS

    Laboratory of Genetics and DNA Array Unit, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224-6820, USA.

    cDNA microarray technology has been increasingly used to monitor global gene expression patterns in various tissues and cell types. However, applications to mammalian development have been hampered by the lack of appropriate cDNA collections, particularly for early developmental stages. To overcome this problem, a PCR-based cDNA library construction method was used to derive 52,374 expressed sequence tags from pre- and peri-implantation embryos, embryonic day (E) 12.5 female gonad/mesonephros, and newborn ovary. From these cDNA collections, a microarray representing 15,264 unique genes (78% novel and 22% known) was assembled. In initial applications, the divergence of placental and embryonic gene expression profiles was assessed. At stage E12.5 of development, based on triplicate experiments, 720 genes (6.5%) displayed statistically significant differences in expression between placenta and embryo. Among 289 more highly expressed in placenta, 61 placenta-specific genes encoded, for example, a novel prolactin-like protein. The number of genes highly expressed (and frequently specific) for placenta has thereby been increased 5-fold over the total previously reported, illustrating the potential of the microarrays for tissue-specific gene discovery and analysis of mammalian developmental programs.

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2000;97;16;9127-32

  • Individual subunits of the eukaryotic cytosolic chaperonin mediate interactions with binding sites located on subdomains of beta-actin.

    Hynes GM and Willison KR

    Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London SW3 6JB, United Kingdom.

    The chaperonin containing TCP-1 (CCT) of eukaryotic cytosol is composed of eight different subunit species that are proposed to have independent functions in folding its in vivo substrates, the actins and tubulins. CCT has been loaded with (35)S-beta-actin by in vitro translation in reticulocyte lysate and then subjected to immunoprecipitation with all eight anti-CCT subunit antibodies in mixed micelle buffers, conditions that disrupt CCT into its constituent monomers. Interactions between (35)S-beta-actin and isolated CCTalpha, CCTbeta, CCTepsilon, or CCTtheta subunits are observed, suggesting that polar and electrostatic interactions may mediate actin binding to these four CCT subunits. Additionally, a beta-actin peptide array was screened for CCT-binding sequences. Three regions rich in charged and polar amino acid residues, which map to the surface of native beta-actin, are implicated in interactions between actin and CCT. Several of these biochemical results are consistent with the recent cryo-electron microscopy three-dimensional structure of apo-CCT-alpha-actin, in which alpha-actin is bound by the apical domains of specific CCT subunits. A model is proposed in which actin interacts with several CCT subunits during its CCT-mediated folding cycle.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2000;275;25;18985-94

  • Structures and co-regulated expression of the genes encoding mouse cytosolic chaperonin CCT subunits.

    Kubota H, Yokota S, Yanagi H and Yura T

    HSP Research Institute, Kyoto Research Park, Japan. kubota@hsp.co.jp

    The chaperonin-containing TCP-1 (CCT) is a hetero-oligomeric molecular chaperone that mediates protein folding in the cytosol of eukaryotes. Eight (or nine in testis) subunit species are assembled in the CCT hexadecamer complex. We have cloned seven CCT subunit genes, Cctb, Cctd, Ccte, Cctz-1, Cctz-2 (testis specific), Ccth and Cctq, from mouse genomic DNA libraries, in addition to the Ccta and Cctg genes reported previously, and the entire nucleotide sequences of these DNA clones were determined. These genes are approximately 15-20 kb in length except for Cctz-2 which is longer than 35 kb, and all the Cct genes consist of 11-16 exons. Primer extension analyses of testis RNA indicate one to several potential transcription start sites 50-150 bp upstream from the translation start codon of each Cct gene. There are several possible Sp1-binding sequences, but no obvious TATA box was observed around the potential start sites. From 5'-flanking regions to the first introns, the Cct genes are rich in CpG dinucleotides. In reporter gene assays using these regions, five of eight Cct genes showed strong transcriptional activity comparable with the combination of SV40 promoter and enhancer in HeLa cells. We also show, by Western and Northern blot analyses, that CCT expression levels vary widely among different tissues but the expression patterns are very similar among the eight subunit species. It is likely that expression levels of the eight different subunits are tightly co-regulated to maintain a constant ratio of these subunits which constitute the CCT hexadecamer complex with a fixed subunit arrangement.

    European journal of biochemistry 1999;262;2;492-500

  • Elucidation of the subunit orientation in CCT (chaperonin containing TCP1) from the subunit composition of CCT micro-complexes.

    Liou AK and Willison KR

    CRC Centre for Cell and Molecular Biology, Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, UK.

    A collection of chaperonin containing TCP1 (CCT) micro-complexes that are comprised of subsets of the constitutively expressed CCT subunits have been identified. These CCT micro-complexes have mol. wts ranging from 120 to 250 kDa and are present in cells at lower abundance (<5%) as compared with intact CCT. Biochemical characterization of these microcomplexes has shown that several are comprised of two different types of CCT subunit. Furthermore, it was observed that each subunit associates with only one or two other different types of subunit, suggesting that each subunit has fixed partners. This observation, together with CCT gene counting being concordant with the 8-fold structural symmetry, is consistent with predictions derived from analysis of the primary structures of these subunits concerning inter-subunit interactions, and implies a unique topology of the subunits constituting the torodial ring in CCT. The series of subunit-subunit association patterns determined from CCT micro-complexes has provided information to infer, from the 5040 (7!factorial) combinatorial possibilities, one probable subunit orientation within the torodial ring.

    The EMBO journal 1997;16;14;4311-6

  • Tissue-specific subunit of the mouse cytosolic chaperonin-containing TCP-1.

    Kubota H, Hynes GM, Kerr SM and Willison KR

    Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, UK.

    We have cloned a novel Tcp-1-related mouse testis cDNA encoding a polypeptide of 531 amino acids which shares 81.2% identity with the zeta subunit of the mouse cytosolic chaperonin-containing TCP-1 (CCT). Immunoblot analysis of mouse testis CCT subunits separated by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis indicates that this novel gene, Cctz-2, encodes a CCT subunit of Mr 57 000 and pI 7.1. Cctz-2 mRNA is detected only in testis whereas the other Cctz gene, Cctz-1, is expressed in all tissues investigated. The CCTzeta-2 subunit may have specific functions in the folding of testicular proteins and for interactions with testicular molecular chaperones.

    FEBS letters 1997;402;1;53-6

  • The chaperonin containing t-complex polypeptide 1 (TCP-1). Multisubunit machinery assisting in protein folding and assembly in the eukaryotic cytosol.

    Kubota H, Hynes G and Willison K

    Cancer Research Campaign Centre for Cell and Molecular Biology, Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, England.

    Many proteins in the cell require assistance from molecular chaperones at stages in their life cycles in order to attain correctly folded states and functional conformations during protein synthesis or during recovery from denatured states. A recently discovered molecular chaperone, which is abundant in the eukaryotic cytosol and is called the chaperonin containing TCP-1 (CCT), has been shown to assist the folding of some proteins in cytosol. This chaperone is a member of the chaperonin family which includes GroEL, 60-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp60), Rubisco subunit binding protein (RBP) and thermophilic factor 55 (TF55), but is distinct from the other members in several respects. Presently the most intriguing feature is the hetero-oligomeric nature of the CCT; at least eight subunit species which are encoded by independent and highly diverged genes are known. These genes are calculated to have diverged around the starting point of the eukaryotic lineage and they are maintained in all eukaryotes investigated, suggesting a specific function for each subunit species. The amino acid sequences of these subunits share approximately 30% identity and have some highly conserved motifs probably responsible for ATPase function, suggesting this function is common to all subunits. Thus, each subunit is thought to have both specific and common functions. These observations, in conjunction with biochemical and genetic analysis, suggest that CCT functions as a very complex machinery for protein folding in the eukaryotic cell and that its chaperone activity may be essential for the folding and assembly of various newly synthesized polypeptides. This complex behaviour of CCT may have evolved to cope with the folding and assembly of certain highly evolved proteins in eukaryotic cells.

    European journal of biochemistry 1995;230;1;3-16

  • Identification of six Tcp-1-related genes encoding divergent subunits of the TCP-1-containing chaperonin.

    Kubota H, Hynes G, Carne A, Ashworth A and Willison K

    Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, UK.

    Background: TCP-1 is a 60 kD subunit of a cytosolic hetero-oligomeric chaperone that is known to be involved in the folding of actin and tubulin. This protein is a member of the chaperonin family, which includes Escherichia coli GroEL, the mitochondrial heat-shock protein Hsp60, the plastid Rubisco-subunit-binding protein and the archaebacterial protein TF55. These chaperonins assist the folding of proteins upon ATP hydrolysis.

    Results: Using two-dimensional gel analysis, we have identified nine different subunits of TCP-1-containing chaperonin complexes from mammalian testis and seven different subunits of such complexes from mouse F9 cells. We have isolated full-length mouse cDNAs encoding six novel TCP-1-related polypeptides and show that these cDNAs encode subunits of the TCP-1-containing cytosolic chaperonin. These subunits are between 531 and 545 residues in length. Their sequences are 25-36% identical to one another, 27-35% identical to that of TCP-1 and 32-39% identical to that of the archaebacterial chaperonin, TF55. We have named these genes, Cctb, Cctg, Cctd, Ccte, Cctz and Ccth, which encode the CCT beta, CCT gamma, CCT delta, CCT epsilon, CCT zeta and CCT eta subunits, respectively, of the 'Chaperonin Containing TCP-1' (CCT). All the CCT subunits contain motifs that are also shared by all other known chaperonins of prokaryotes and eukaryotic organelles, and that probably relate to their common ATPase function.

    Conclusion: It is likely that each CCT subunit has a specific, independent function, as they are highly diverged from each other but conserved from mammals to yeast. We suggest that the expansion in the number of types of CCT subunit, compared with other chaperonins, has allowed CCT to carry out the more complex functions that are required for the folding and assembly of highly evolved eukaryotic proteins.

    Current biology : CB 1994;4;2;89-99

Gene lists (6)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000001 G2C Mus musculus Mouse PSD Mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000008 G2C Mus musculus Mouse PSP Mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000060 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus (ortho) 748
L00000062 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus 984
L00000070 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list (ortho) 1461
L00000072 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

Cookies Policy | Terms and Conditions. This site is hosted by Edinburgh University and the Genes to Cognition Programme.