G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Dbc1 (MGI)
Mus musculus
deleted in bladder cancer 1 (human)
G00001581 (Homo sapiens)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTMUSG00000000310 (Vega mouse gene)
ENSMUSG00000028351 (Ensembl mouse gene)
56710 (Entrez Gene)
669 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
Gene Expression
NM_019967 (Allen Brain Atlas)
602865 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
MGI:1928478 (MGI)
Protein Sequence
Q920P3 (UniProt)

Synonyms (2)

  • Dbccr1
  • Fam5a

Literature (8)

Pubmed - other

  • A high-resolution anatomical atlas of the transcriptome in the mouse embryo.

    Diez-Roux G, Banfi S, Sultan M, Geffers L, Anand S, Rozado D, Magen A, Canidio E, Pagani M, Peluso I, Lin-Marq N, Koch M, Bilio M, Cantiello I, Verde R, De Masi C, Bianchi SA, Cicchini J, Perroud E, Mehmeti S, Dagand E, Schrinner S, Nürnberger A, Schmidt K, Metz K, Zwingmann C, Brieske N, Springer C, Hernandez AM, Herzog S, Grabbe F, Sieverding C, Fischer B, Schrader K, Brockmeyer M, Dettmer S, Helbig C, Alunni V, Battaini MA, Mura C, Henrichsen CN, Garcia-Lopez R, Echevarria D, Puelles E, Garcia-Calero E, Kruse S, Uhr M, Kauck C, Feng G, Milyaev N, Ong CK, Kumar L, Lam M, Semple CA, Gyenesei A, Mundlos S, Radelof U, Lehrach H, Sarmientos P, Reymond A, Davidson DR, Dollé P, Antonarakis SE, Yaspo ML, Martinez S, Baldock RA, Eichele G and Ballabio A

    Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, Naples, Italy.

    Ascertaining when and where genes are expressed is of crucial importance to understanding or predicting the physiological role of genes and proteins and how they interact to form the complex networks that underlie organ development and function. It is, therefore, crucial to determine on a genome-wide level, the spatio-temporal gene expression profiles at cellular resolution. This information is provided by colorimetric RNA in situ hybridization that can elucidate expression of genes in their native context and does so at cellular resolution. We generated what is to our knowledge the first genome-wide transcriptome atlas by RNA in situ hybridization of an entire mammalian organism, the developing mouse at embryonic day 14.5. This digital transcriptome atlas, the Eurexpress atlas (http://www.eurexpress.org), consists of a searchable database of annotated images that can be interactively viewed. We generated anatomy-based expression profiles for over 18,000 coding genes and over 400 microRNAs. We identified 1,002 tissue-specific genes that are a source of novel tissue-specific markers for 37 different anatomical structures. The quality and the resolution of the data revealed novel molecular domains for several developing structures, such as the telencephalon, a novel organization for the hypothalamus, and insight on the Wnt network involved in renal epithelial differentiation during kidney development. The digital transcriptome atlas is a powerful resource to determine co-expression of genes, to identify cell populations and lineages, and to identify functional associations between genes relevant to development and disease.

    Funded by: Medical Research Council: MC_U127527203; Telethon: TGM11S03

    PLoS biology 2011;9;1;e1000582

  • Analysis of the expression and function of BRINP family genes during neuronal differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cell-derived neural stem cells.

    Terashima M, Kobayashi M, Motomiya M, Inoue N, Yoshida T, Okano H, Iwasaki N, Minami A and Matsuoka I

    Division of Innovative Research, Creative Research Initiative SOUSEI (CRIS), Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

    We previously identified a novel family of genes, BRINP1, 2, and 3, that are predominantly and widely expressed in both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). In the present study, we analyzed the expression pattern of three BRINP genes during differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived neural stem cells (NSCs) and their effects on the cell-cycle regulation of NSCs. While there was no significant expression of any BRINP-mRNA expressed in mouse ES cells, BRINP 1 and 2-mRNAs was expressed at high levels in the ES cell-derived neural stem cells. Upon differentiation into neuronal cells in the presence of retinoic acid and BDNF, all three types of BRINP-mRNA were induced with a similar time course peaking at day three of treatment. Upon differentiation into astroglial cells in the presence of serum, BRINP1-mRNA was slightly up-regulated, while BRINP2- and BRINP3-mRNAs were almost abolished in the astrocytes. While 69.2, 26.1, and 7.7% of cells in a population of NSCs in the exponentially growing phase were in the G1, S and G2 phases, respectively, over-expression of any one of the three BRINP genes completely abolished cells in the G2 phase and significantly reduced the cells in S phase to 11.8-13.8%. Based on these results, the physiological roles of induced BRINP genes in the cell-cycle suppression of terminally differentiated post-mitotic neurons are discussed.

    Journal of neuroscience research 2010;88;7;1387-93

  • Unraveling the genetic landscape of bladder development in mice.

    Price KL, Woolf AS and Long DA

    Nephro-Urology Unit, University College London Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom.

    Purpose: To better understand the pathobiology of human congenital bladder abnormalities and disorders associated with dedifferentiation, such as bladder cancer, we must first unravel the biology of normal bladder development. Therefore, we performed microarray analysis focusing on determining the gene expression profile at the initiation of bladder development.

    RNA was extracted from embryonic day 13 and 18 mouse bladders (anatomically equivalent to 7 and 13 weeks of human gestation) and gene expression was evaluated using microarrays. Alterations in select genes of biological interest were confirmed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and localization was determined by immunohistochemistry.

    Results: The genetic profile in the initiating mouse bladder at embryonic day 13 was dominated by transcription factors, retinoic acid signaling genes, Eph/ephrin bidirectional signaling molecules and genes associated with regulating cell cycle and differentiation. Later in development at embryonic day 18 genes associated with smooth muscle, innervation and epithelial differentiation were up-regulated. In addition, we examined the functional role of midkine, which was highly expressed at embryonic day 13, using organ culture and to our knowledge we provide the first evidence that this growth factor up-regulates molecules associated with bladder smooth muscle differentiation.

    Conclusions: These data provide novel insights into molecules that orchestrate bladder development and highlight genes that may be involved in diseases associated with abnormal differentiation.

    The Journal of urology 2009;181;5;2366-74

  • Herpes simplex virus infection is sensed by both Toll-like receptors and retinoic acid-inducible gene- like receptors, which synergize to induce type I interferon production.

    Rasmussen SB, Jensen SB, Nielsen C, Quartin E, Kato H, Chen ZJ, Silverman RH, Akira S and Paludan SR

    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.

    The innate antiviral response is initiated by pattern recognition receptors, which recognize viral pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Here we show that retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG)-I-like receptors (RLRs) in cooperation with Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 is required for expression of type I interferons (IFNs) after infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV). Our work also identified RNase L as a critical component in IFN induction. Moreover, we found that TLR9 and RLRs activate distinct, as well as overlapping, intracellular signalling pathways. Thus, RLRs are important for recognition of HSV infection, and cooperate with the Toll pathway to induce an antiviral response.

    Funded by: Howard Hughes Medical Institute; NCI NIH HHS: CA044059, R01 CA044059, R01 CA044059-26

    The Journal of general virology 2009;90;Pt 1;74-8

  • Activity-dependent regulation of BRINP family genes.

    Motomiya M, Kobayashi M, Iwasaki N, Minami A and Matsuoka I

    Division of Innovative Research, Creative Research Initiative SOUSEI (CRIS), Hokkaido University, Sapporo 001-0021, Japan.

    We previously identified a family of novel developmentally regulated genes: BRINP1, 2, and 3, which are predominantly and widely expressed in the CNS from earlier developmental stages to adulthood. In the present study, we investigated the activity-dependent regulation of BRINP expression in the CNS. Among the three BRINP genes, BRINP1-mRNA was specifically up-regulated in the dentate gyrus of mouse hippocampus by kainic acid treatment. In cultured hippocampal neurons, the induction of BRINP1-mRNA was also observed by the activation of glutamate receptors. Although BDNF-mRNA is up-regulated in a similar activity-dependent manner, BDNF itself did not induce BRINP1-mRNA. From these results, the physiological roles of the activity-dependent induction of BRINP1-mRNA are discussed.

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2007;352;3;623-9

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • Identification and characterization of novel developmentally regulated neural-specific proteins, BRINP family.

    Kawano H, Nakatani T, Mori T, Ueno S, Fukaya M, Abe A, Kobayashi M, Toda F, Watanabe M and Matsuoka I

    Laboratory of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan.

    Processes of neuronal differentiation involve activation of a set of neuronal specific genes and cessation of cell proliferation in postmitotic neurons. Previous studies revealed that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and retinoic acid (RA) play important roles in the differentiation of peripheral sympathetic neurons such as the synergistic induction of responsiveness to specific neurotrophic factors. In the present study, while trying to clarify the mechanism of the BMP/RA-actions, we identified a novel neural-specific protein, BMP/RA-inducible neural-specific protein-1 (BRINP1) which shows no similarity to other known proteins. Subsequently, two homologous proteins, BRINP2 and BRINP3, making up the BRINP family, are identified. Individual BRINP genes have distinct regulatory mechanisms of expression within the nervous system. In rodent brain, BRINP1 is expressed from earlier developmental stage, i.e. E9.5, and widely expressed in various neuronal layers and nuclei of the adult animal, while BRINP2 and BRINP3 were detectable from E11.5 and expressed in rather limited regions in a complementary manner. During the course of perinatal development of sympathetic neurons, BRINP1 is induced from earlier embryonic stage and further increased toward adult stage, while BRINP3 expressed from earlier stage is replaced by BRINP2 expression which increases postnatally in accordance with the action of BMP2 and RA. Furthermore, when expressed in nonneuronal cells, all three BRINP family proteins suppressed the cell cycle progression. Possible physiological functions of BRINP family members in the development of the nervous system are discussed.

    Brain research. Molecular brain research 2004;125;1-2;60-75

  • Molecular mechanisms regulating cell type specific expression of BMP/RA Inducible Neural-specific Protein-1 that suppresses cell cycle progression: roles of NRSF/REST and DNA methylation.

    Toshiyuki N and Ichiro M

    Division of Innovative Research, Creative Research Initiative Sousei, Hokkaido University Sapporo 001-0020, Japan.

    We have recently identified a novel protein family, BMP/RA-Inducible Neural-specific Protein (BRINP) including BRINP1, 2, 3. Among BRINP family genes, BRINP1 is most highly and widely expressed in various regions of the mammalian nervous system, although its expression is also found in some non-neural tissues and cell types at low levels. We have previously suggested that BRINPs are involved in the suppression of cell-cycle progression in post-mitotic neuronal cells. In the present study, we investigated the transcriptional mechanisms regulating the cell type-specific expression of BRINP1. First, bisulfite analysis of the methylation status revealed hypermethylation of the CpG island surrounding BRINP1 exon 1 in a non-neural cell line, NIH 3T3, which expresses low but detectable levels of BRINP1, while methylation levels of the BRINP1 CpG island in either non-neural or neural tissues are very low. Treatment of NIH 3T3 cells with a demethylating agent, 5-azacytidine, upregulated the expression of BRINP1 remarkably. Then, we analyzed the promoter activity of 7 kb region surrounding BRINP1 exon 1 in neuronal and non-neuronal cells. Consequently, we found a basic promoter region and a non-neural-specific silencing region which contains neuron-restrictive silencing element/repressor element 1 (NRSE/RE-1) like element (BRINP1-NRSE). Mutation of BRINP1-NRSE recovered the BRINP1 promoter activity in non-neuronal cells. Furthermore, proteins in nuclear extract from non-neural cells bound to the BRINP1-NRSE. These results strongly suggest that BRINP1-NRSE determines neural-specific expression of BRINP1, while hypermethylation of the BRINP1-CpG island suppresses BRINP1 expression in NIH 3T3 cells.

    Brain research. Molecular brain research 2004;125;1-2;47-59

Gene lists (4)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000001 G2C Mus musculus Mouse PSD Mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000008 G2C Mus musculus Mouse PSP Mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000062 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-CONSENSUS Mouse cortex PSD consensus 984
L00000072 G2C Mus musculus BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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