G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
neogenin 1
G00000654 (Mus musculus)

Databases (7)

ENSG00000067141 (Ensembl human gene)
4756 (Entrez Gene)
1069 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
NEO1 (GeneCards)
601907 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:7754 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
Q92859 (UniProt)

Synonyms (3)

  • HsT17534
  • IGDCC2
  • NGN

Literature (19)

Pubmed - other

  • Hemojuvelin-neogenin interaction is required for bone morphogenic protein-4-induced hepcidin expression.

    Zhang AS, Yang F, Wang J, Tsukamoto H and Enns CA

    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. zhanga@ohsu.edu

    Hemojuvelin (HJV) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked protein and binds both bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) and neogenin. Cellular HJV acts as a BMP co-receptor to enhance the transcription of hepcidin, a key iron regulatory hormone secreted predominantly by liver hepatocytes. In this study we characterized the role of neogenin in HJV-regulated hepcidin expression. Both HJV and neogenin were expressed in liver hepatocytes. Knockdown of neogenin decreased BMP4-induced hepcidin mRNA levels by 16-fold in HJV-expressing HepG2 cells but only by about 2-fold in cells transfected with either empty vector or G99V mutant HJV that does not bind BMPs. Further studies indicated that disruption of the HJV-neogenin interaction is responsible for a marked suppression of hepcidin expression. Moreover, in vivo studies showed that hepatic hepcidin mRNA could be significantly suppressed by blocking the interaction of HJV with full-length neogenin with a soluble fragment of neogenin in mice. Together, these results suggest that the HJV-neogenin interaction is required for the BMP-mediated induction of hepcidin expression when HJV is expressed. Combined with our previous studies, our results support that hepatic neogenin possesses two functions, mediation of cellular HJV release, and stimulation of HJV-enhanced hepcidin expression.

    Funded by: NIAAA NIH HHS: P50AA11199, R24 AA012885, R24AA12885; NIDDK NIH HHS: DK080765, R01 DK080765

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2009;284;34;22580-9

  • Neogenin regulates neuronal survival through DAP kinase.

    Fujita Y, Taniguchi J, Uchikawa M, Endo M, Hata K, Kubo T, Mueller BK and Yamashita T

    Department of Molecular Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

    The repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) is a membrane-bound protein that has diverse functions in the developing central nervous system. Identification of neogenin as a receptor for RGM provided evidence of its cell death-inducing activity in the absence of RGM. Here, we show that the serine/threonine kinase death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is involved in the signal transduction of neogenin. Neogenin interacts with DAPK and reduces DAPK autophosphorylation on Ser308 in vitro. Neogenin-induced cell death is abolished in the presence of RGM or by blocking DAPK. Although neogenin overexpression or RGM downregulation in the chick neural tube in vivo induces apoptosis, coexpression of the dominant-negative mutant or small-interference RNA of DAPK attenuates this proapoptotic activity. Thus, RGM/neogenin regulates cell fate by controlling the DAPK activity.

    Cell death and differentiation 2008;15;10;1593-608

  • Neogenin-mediated hemojuvelin shedding occurs after hemojuvelin traffics to the plasma membrane.

    Zhang AS, Yang F, Meyer K, Hernandez C, Chapman-Arvedson T, Bjorkman PJ and Enns CA

    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. zhanga@ohsu.edu

    HFE2 (hemochromatosis type 2 gene) is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and liver hepatocytes. Its encoded protein, hemojuvelin (HJV), is a co-receptor for the bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 (BMP2 and BMP4) and enhances the BMP-induced hepcidin expression. Hepcidin is a central iron regulatory hormone predominantly secreted from hepatocytes. HJV also binds neogenin, a membrane protein widely expressed in many tissues. Neogenin is required for the processing and release of HJV from cells. The role that neogenin plays in HJV trafficking was investigated, using HepG2 cells, a human hepatoma cell line. Knockdown of endogenous neogenin markedly suppresses HJV release but has no evident effect on HJV trafficking to the plasma membrane. The addition of a soluble neogenin ectodomain to cells markedly inhibits HJV release, indicating that the HJV shedding is not processed before trafficking to the cell surface. At the plasma membrane it undergoes endocytosis in a dynamin-independent but cholesterol-dependent manner. The additional findings that HJV release is coupled to lysosomal degradation of neogenin and that cholesterol depletion by filipin blocks both HJV endocytosis and HJV release suggest that neogenin-mediated HJV release occurs after the HJV-neogenin complex is internalized from the cell surface.

    Funded by: NIDDK NIH HHS: DK080765, DK54488

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2008;283;25;17494-502

  • The neogenin intracellular domain regulates gene transcription via nuclear translocation.

    Goldschneider D, Rama N, Guix C and Mehlen P

    Apoptosis, Cancer, and Development Laboratory, Equipe Labellisée La Ligue, CNRS UMR5238, Université de Lyon, Centre Léon Bérard, 69008 Lyon, France.

    Neogenin is a multifunctional receptor implicated in axon navigation, neuronal differentiation, morphogenesis, and cell death. Very little is known about signaling downstream of neogenin. Because we found that the neogenin intracellular domain (NeICD) interacts with nuclear proteins implicated in transcription regulation, we investigated further whether neogenin signals similarly to the Notch receptor. We show here that neogenin is cleaved by gamma-secretase, an event that releases the complete NeICD. We also describe that NeICD is located at the nucleus, a feature regulated through a balance between nuclear import and export. NeICD triggers gene reporter transactivation and associates with nuclear chromatin. Direct transcriptional targets of NeICD were determined and were shown to be up-regulated in the presence of neogenin ligand. Together, we reveal here a novel aspect of neogenin signaling that relies on the direct implication of its intracellular domain in transcriptional regulation.

    Funded by: NINDS NIH HHS: NS45093, R01 NS045093

    Molecular and cellular biology 2008;28;12;4068-79

  • Hemojuvelin regulates hepcidin expression via a selective subset of BMP ligands and receptors independently of neogenin.

    Xia Y, Babitt JL, Sidis Y, Chung RT and Lin HY

    Program in Membrane Biology and Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

    Hemojuvelin (HJV) is a coreceptor for bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling that regulates hepcidin expression and iron metabolism. However, the precise combinations of BMP ligands and receptors used by HJV remain unknown. HJV has also been demonstrated to bind to neogenin, but it is not known whether this interaction has a role in regulating hepcidin expression. In the present study, we show that BMP-2, BMP-4, and BMP-6 are endogenous ligands for HJV in hepatoma-derived cell lines, and that all 3 of these ligands are expressed in human liver. We demonstrate in vitro that HJV selectively uses the BMP type II receptors ActRIIA and BMPRII, but not ActRIIB, and HJV enhances utilization of ActRIIA by BMP-2 and BMP-4. Interestingly, ActRIIA is the predominant BMP type II receptor expressed in human liver. While HJV can use all 3 BMP type I receptors (ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6) in vitro, only ALK2 and ALK3 are detected in human liver. Finally, we show that HJV-induced BMP signaling and hepcidin expression are not altered by neogenin overexpression or by inhibition of endogenous neogenin expression. Thus, HJV-mediated BMP signaling and hepcidin regulation occur via a distinct subset of BMP ligands and BMP receptors, independently of neogenin.

    Funded by: NIDDK NIH HHS: K08 DK-075846, K08 DK075846, K08 DK075846-02, R01 DK-069533, R01 DK-071837, R01 DK069533, R01 DK071837

    Blood 2008;111;10;5195-204

  • Neogenin expression may be inversely correlated to the tumorigenicity of human breast cancer.

    Lee JE, Kim HJ, Bae JY, Kim SW, Park JS, Shin HJ, Han W, Kim SW, Kang KS and Noh DY

    Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Seoul 110-744, Korea. paojlus@hanmail.net

    Background: Neogenin is expressed in cap cells that have been suggested to be mammary stem or precursor cells. Neogenin is known to play an important role in mammary morphogenesis; however its relationship to tumorigenesis remains to be elucidated.

    Methods: To compare the expression levels of neogenin in cells with different tumorigenicity, the expression levels in M13SV1, M13SV1R2 and M13SV1R2N1 cells, which are immortalized derivatives of type I human breast epithelial cells, were evaluated. Then we measured the expression level of neogenin in paired normal and cancer tissues from eight breast cancer patients. Tissue array analysis was performed for 54 human breast tissue samples with different histology, and the results were divided into four categories (none, weak, moderate, strong) by a single well-trained blinded pathologist and statistically analyzed.

    Results: The nontumorigenic M13SV1 cells and normal tissues showed stronger expression of neogenin than the M13SV1R2N1 cells and the paired cancer tissues. In the tissue array, all (8/8) of the normal breast tissues showed strong neogenin expression, while 93.5% (43/46) of breast cancer tissues had either no expression or only moderate levels of neogenin expression. There was a significant difference, in the expression level of neogenin, in comparisons between normal and infiltrating ductal carcinoma (p < 0.001).

    Conclusion: Neogenin may play a role in mammary carcinogenesis as well as morphogenesis, and the expression may be inversely correlated with mammary carcinogenicity. The value of neogenin as a potential prognostic factor needs further evaluation.

    BMC cancer 2005;5;154

  • Human plasma N-glycoproteome analysis by immunoaffinity subtraction, hydrazide chemistry, and mass spectrometry.

    Liu T, Qian WJ, Gritsenko MA, Camp DG, Monroe ME, Moore RJ and Smith RD

    Biological Sciences Division and Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99354, USA.

    The enormous complexity, wide dynamic range of relative protein abundances of interest (over 10 orders of magnitude), and tremendous heterogeneity (due to post-translational modifications, such as glycosylation) of the human blood plasma proteome severely challenge the capabilities of existing analytical methodologies. Here, we describe an approach for broad analysis of human plasma N-glycoproteins using a combination of immunoaffinity subtraction and glycoprotein capture to reduce both the protein concentration range and the overall sample complexity. Six high-abundance plasma proteins were simultaneously removed using a pre-packed, immobilized antibody column. N-linked glycoproteins were then captured from the depleted plasma using hydrazide resin and enzymatically digested, and the bound N-linked glycopeptides were released using peptide-N-glycosidase F (PNGase F). Following strong cation exchange (SCX) fractionation, the deglycosylated peptides were analyzed by reversed-phase capillary liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Using stringent criteria, a total of 2053 different N-glycopeptides were confidently identified, covering 303 nonredundant N-glycoproteins. This enrichment strategy significantly improved detection and enabled identification of a number of low-abundance proteins, exemplified by interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein (approximately 200 pg/mL), cathepsin L (approximately 1 ng/mL), and transforming growth factor beta 1 (approximately 2 ng/mL). A total of 639 N-glycosylation sites were identified, and the overall high accuracy of these glycosylation site assignments as assessed by accurate mass measurement using high-resolution liquid chromatography coupled to Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (LC-FTICR) is initially demonstrated.

    Funded by: NCRR NIH HHS: P41 RR018522, RR18522; NIGMS NIH HHS: U54 GM-62119-02, U54 GM062119

    Journal of proteome research 2005;4;6;2070-80

  • Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-alpha in netrin-1-induced PLC signalling and neurite outgrowth.

    Xie Y, Ding YQ, Hong Y, Feng Z, Navarre S, Xi CX, Zhu XJ, Wang CL, Ackerman SL, Kozlowski D, Mei L and Xiong WC

    Institute of Molecular Medicine & Genomics and Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

    Neurite extension is essential for wiring the nervous system during development. Although several factors are known to regulate neurite outgrowth, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we provide evidence for a role of phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-alpha (PlTPalpha) in neurite extension in response to netrin-1, an extracellular guidance cue. PlTPalpha interacts with the netrin receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) and neogenin. Netrin-1 stimulates PlTPalpha binding to DCC and to phosphatidylinositol (5) phosphate [Pl(5)P], increases its lipid-transfer activity and elevates hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PlP2). In addition, the stimulated PIP2 hydrolysis requires PlTPalpha. Furthermore, cortical explants of PlTPalpha mutant mice are defective in extending neurites in response to netrin-1. Commissural neurons from chicken embryos expressing a dominant-negative PlTPalpha mutant show reduced axon outgrowth. Morpholino-mediated knockdown of PlTPalpha expression in zebrafish embryos leads to dose-dependent defects in motor-neuron axons and reduced numbers of spinal-cord neurons. Taken together, these results identify a crucial role for PlTPalpha in netrin-1-induced neurite outgrowth, revealing a signalling mechanism for DCC/neogenin and PlTPalpha regulation.

    Funded by: NIAMS NIH HHS: AR48120; NIDCD NIH HHS: DC006140; NIGMS NIH HHS: GM63861; NINDS NIH HHS: NS045710, NS40480, NS44521

    Nature cell biology 2005;7;11;1124-32

  • Focal adhesion kinase in netrin-1 signaling.

    Ren XR, Ming GL, Xie Y, Hong Y, Sun DM, Zhao ZQ, Feng Z, Wang Q, Shim S, Chen ZF, Song HJ, Mei L and Xiong WC

    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA.

    Netrins are a family of secreted molecules that are important for axonal outgrowth and guidance in the developing nervous system. However, the signaling mechanisms that lie immediately downstream of netrin receptors remain poorly understood. Here we report that the netrin receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) interacts with the focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a kinase implicated in regulating cell adhesion and migration. FAK was expressed in developing brains and was localized with DCC in cultured neurons. Netrin-1 induced FAK and DCC tyrosine phosphorylation. Disruption of FAK signaling abolished netrin-1-induced neurite outgrowth and attractive growth cone turning. Taken together, these results indicate a new signaling mechanism for DCC, in which FAK is activated upon netrin-1 stimulation and mediates netrin-1 function; they also identify a critical role for FAK in axon navigation.

    Nature neuroscience 2004;7;11;1204-12

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • RGM and its receptor neogenin regulate neuronal survival.

    Matsunaga E, Tauszig-Delamasure S, Monnier PP, Mueller BK, Strittmatter SM, Mehlen P and Chédotal A

    UMR CNRS 7102, Université Paris 6, 9 Quai Saint Bernard, 75005 Paris, France.

    Repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) is an axon guidance protein that repels retinal axons upon activation of the neogenin receptor. To understand the functions of RGM-neogenin complexes in vivo, we used gene transfer technology to perturb their expression in the developing neural tube of chick embryos. Surprisingly, neogenin over-expression or RGM down-expression in the neural tube induces apoptosis. Neogenin pro-apoptotic activity in immortalized neuronal cells and in the neural tube is associated with the cleavage of its cytoplasmic domain by caspases. Thus neogenin is a dependence receptor inducing cell death in the absence of RGM, whereas the presence of RGM inhibits this effect.

    Nature cell biology 2004;6;8;749-55

  • Profiling follicle stimulating hormone-induced gene expression changes in normal and malignant human ovarian surface epithelial cells.

    Ho SM, Lau KM, Mok SC and Syed V

    Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.

    Epidemiological data have implicated the pituitary gonadotropin follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) as both a risk factor for and a protective agent against epithelial ovarian cancer. Yet, little is known about how this hormone could play such opposing roles in ovarian carcinogenesis. Complementary DNA microarrays containing 2400 named genes were used to examine FSH-induced gene expression changes in ovarian cancer (OC) and immortalized normal human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cell lines. Two-way t-statistics analyses of array data identified two distinct sets of FSH-regulated genes in HOSE and in established OC cell lines established from patients (OVCA cell lines). Among the HOSE cell lines, FSH increased expression of 57% of the 312 genes and downregulated 43%. In contrast, FSH diminished expression of 92% of the 177 genes in the OVCA cell lines. All but 18 of the genes affected by FSH in HOSE cell lines were different from those altered in OVCA cell lines. Among the 18 overlapping genes, nine genes exhibited the same direction of change following FSH challenge, while the other nine showed discordance in response between HOSE and OVCA cell lines. The FSH-induced differential expression of seven out of nine genes was confirmed by real-time RT-PCR. Gene-specific antisense oligonuleotides (ODNs) were used to inhibit the expression of genes encoding GTPase activating protein (rap1GAP), neogenin, and restin in HOSE and OVCA cells. Antisense ODNs to neogenin and restin, but not an antisense ODN to rap1GAP, were effective in inhibiting OVCA cell growth, diminishing proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression, and increasing caspase 3 activities. Furthermore, the ODN to rap1GAP was further shown to be ineffective in altering migration properties of OVCA cell lines. HOSE cell proliferation was not affected by treatment with any of the antisense ODNs. In summary, gene profiling data reveal for the first time that FSH may exert different biological actions on OVCA cells than on HOSE cells, by differential regulation of a set of putative oncogenes/tumor suppressors. Specifically, neogenin and restin were found to exhibit proproliferation/survival action on OC cells.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA091250, CA94221

    Oncogene 2003;22;27;4243-56

  • Netrin-1/neogenin interaction stabilizes multipotent progenitor cap cells during mammary gland morphogenesis.

    Srinivasan K, Strickland P, Valdes A, Shin GC and Hinck L

    Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.

    Netrin-1 and its receptors play an essential role patterning the nervous system by guiding neurons and axons to their targets. To explore whether netrin-1 organizes nonneural tissues, we examined its role in mammary gland morphogenesis. Netrin-1 is expressed in prelumenal cells, and its receptor neogenin is expressed in a complementary pattern in adjacent cap cells of terminal end buds (TEBs). We discovered that loss of either gene results in disorganized TEBs characterized by exaggerated subcapsular spaces, breaks in basal lamina, dissociated cap cells, and an increased influx of cap cells into the prelumenal compartment. Cell aggregation assays demonstrate that neogenin mediates netrin-1-dependent cell clustering. Thus, netrin-1 appears to act locally through neogenin to stabilize the multipotent progenitor (cap) cell layer during mammary gland development. Our results suggest that netrin-1 and its receptor neogenin provide an adhesive, rather than a guidance, function during nonneural organogenesis.

    Developmental cell 2003;4;3;371-82

  • Netrin-3, a mouse homolog of human NTN2L, is highly expressed in sensory ganglia and shows differential binding to netrin receptors.

    Wang H, Copeland NG, Gilbert DJ, Jenkins NA and Tessier-Lavigne M

    Departments of Anatomy, and Biochemistry and Biophysics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0452, USA.

    The netrins comprise a small phylogenetically conserved family of guidance cues important for guiding particular axonal growth cones to their targets. Two netrin genes, netrin-1 and netrin-2, have been described in chicken, but in mouse so far a single netrin gene, an ortholog of chick netrin-1, has been reported. We report the identification of a second mouse netrin gene, which we name netrin-3. Netrin-3 does not appear to be the ortholog of chick netrin-2 but is the ortholog of a recently identified human netrin gene termed NTN2L ("netrin-2-like"), as evidenced by a high degree of sequence conservation and by chromosomal localization. Netrin-3 is expressed in sensory ganglia, mesenchymal cells, and muscles during the time of peripheral nerve development but is largely excluded from the CNS at early stages of its development. The murine netrin-3 protein binds to netrin receptors of the DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) family [DCC and neogenin] and the UNC5 family (UNC5H1, UNC5H2 and UNC5H3). Unlike chick netrin-1, however, murine netrin-3 binds to DCC with lower affinity than to the other four receptors. Consistent with this finding, although murine netrin-3 can mimic the outgrowth-promoting activity of netrin-1 on commissural axons, it has lower specific activity than netrin-1. Thus, like netrin-1, netrin-3 may also function in axon guidance during development but may function predominantly in the development of the peripheral nervous system and may act primarily through netrin receptors other than DCC.

    The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 1999;19;12;4938-47

  • Molecular characterization of human neogenin, a DCC-related protein, and the mapping of its gene (NEO1) to chromosomal position 15q22.3-q23.

    Vielmetter J, Chen XN, Miskevich F, Lane RP, Yamakawa K, Korenberg JR and Dreyer WJ

    Division of Biology 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA. cmsjv@wavenet.com

    Neogenin was first identified in the chick embryo, and like a number of cell surface proteins of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, including N-CAM and L1 (generally called cell adhesion molecules or CAMs), it is expressed on growing nerve cells in the developing nervous system of vertebrate embryos. Neogenin is also expressed in other embryonic tissues, suggesting a more general role in developmental processes such as tissue growth regulation, cell-cell recognition, and cell migration. Neogenin, unlike the CAMs, is closely related to a unique tumor suppressor candidate molecule, deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC). Like DCC, the neogenin protein consists of four immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) domains followed by six fibronectin type III domains, a transmembrane domain, and an intracellular domain. We now report the cloning and sequencing of cDNA clones coding for the human neogenin protein. Human neogenin shares 87% identity with its chicken homolog, and like its chicken counterpart it is expressed in at least two different isoforms derived from alternative splicing in the intracellular domain. Northern blot analysis revealed two mRNA species of about 5 and 7 kb. The chromosomal location of the human neogenin gene (HGMW-approved symbol NEO1) was determined as 15q22.3-q23, using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The gene therefore maps in the vicinity of a locus associated with Bardet-Biedl syndrome. The identification of human neogenin and its chromosomal location provides a basis for studying its involvement in genetic disorders or diseases.

    Funded by: NEI NIH HHS: EY07725

    Genomics 1997;41;3;414-21

  • Identification and characterization of neogenin, a DCC-related gene.

    Meyerhardt JA, Look AT, Bigner SH and Fearon ER

    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, USA.

    DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer), a candidate tumor suppressor gene located in chromosome band 18q21.2, encodes a transmembrane protein of 1447 amino acids. Neogenin, a protein with nearly 50% amino acid identity to DCC, was recently identified because of its dynamic expression in the developing nervous system and gastrointestinal tract of the chicken. To explore a role for the human neogenin (NGN) gene in cancer, we have isolated cDNAs for two alternatively spliced forms of NGN, encoding proteins of 1461 and 1408 amino acids. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies (FISH) localized NGN in chromosome band 15q22, a region infrequently affected by alterations in cancer. NGN transcripts of about 7.5 and 5.5 kb were detected in all adult tissues studied. In contrast to the frequent loss of DCC expression, no alterations in NGN expression were observed in more than 50 cancers studied, including glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma, colorectal, breast, cervical and pancreatic cancer cell lines and xenografts. Based on their sequence conservation and similar expression during development, DCC and NGN may have related functions. However, the chromosomal location and ubiquitous expression of NGN in various human tumors suggest it is infrequently altered in cancer.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA23009, CA70097, CA71907; ...

    Oncogene 1997;14;10;1129-36

  • Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) encodes a netrin receptor.

    Keino-Masu K, Masu M, Hinck L, Leonardo ED, Chan SS, Culotti JG and Tessier-Lavigne M

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0452, USA.

    The guidance of developing axons in the nervous system is mediated partly by diffusible chemoattractants secreted by axonal target cells. Netrins are chemoattractants for commissural axons in the vertebrate spinal cord, but the mechanisms through which they produce their effects are unknown. We show that Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC), a transmembrane protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is expressed on spinal commissural axons and possesses netrin-1-binding activity. Moreover, an antibody to DCC selectively blocks the netrin-1-dependent outgrowth of commissural axons in vitro. These results indicate that DCC is a receptor or a component of a receptor that mediates the effects of netrin-1 on commissural axons, and they complement genetic evidence for interactions between DCC and netrin homologs in C. elegans and Drosophila.

    Cell 1996;87;2;175-85

  • Neogenin, an avian cell surface protein expressed during terminal neuronal differentiation, is closely related to the human tumor suppressor molecule deleted in colorectal cancer.

    Vielmetter J, Kayyem JF, Roman JM and Dreyer WJ

    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125.

    Using a monoclonal antibody, we have identified and characterized a previously unknown cell surface protein in chicken that we call neogenin and have determined its primary sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence and structure of neogenin characterize it as a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. Based on amino acid sequence similarities, neogenin is closely related to the human tumor suppressor molecule DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer). Neogenin and DCC define a subgroup of Ig superfamily proteins structurally distinct from other Ig molecules such as N-CAM, Ng-CAM, and Bravo/Nr-CAM. As revealed by antibody staining of tissue sections and Western blots, neogenin expression correlates with the onset of neuronal differentiation. Neogenin is also found on cells in the lower gastrointestinal tract of embryonic chickens. DCC has been observed in human neural tissues and has been shown to be essential for terminal differentiation of specific cell types in the adult human colon. These parallels suggest that neogenin, like DCC, is functionally involved in the transition from cell proliferation to terminal differentiation of specific cell types. Since neogenin is expressed on growing neurites and downregulated at termination of neurite growth, it may also play an important role in many of the complex functional aspects of neurite extension and intercellular signaling.

    Funded by: NEI NIH HHS: EY07725

    The Journal of cell biology 1994;127;6 Pt 2;2009-20

Gene lists (4)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

Cookies Policy | Terms and Conditions. This site is hosted by Edinburgh University and the Genes to Cognition Programme.