G2Cdb::Gene report

Gene id
Gene symbol
Homo sapiens
coronin, actin binding protein, 1A
G00000603 (Mus musculus)

Databases (8)

Curated Gene
OTTHUMG00000072924 (Vega human gene)
ENSG00000102879 (Ensembl human gene)
11151 (Entrez Gene)
1001 (G2Cdb plasticity & disease)
CORO1A (GeneCards)
605000 (OMIM)
Marker Symbol
HGNC:2252 (HGNC)
Protein Sequence
P31146 (UniProt)

Synonyms (3)

  • HCORO1
  • coronin-1
  • p57

Literature (23)

Pubmed - other

  • Coronin-1 is associated with neutrophil survival and is cleaved during apoptosis: potential implication in neutrophils from cystic fibrosis patients.

    Moriceau S, Kantari C, Mocek J, Davezac N, Gabillet J, Guerrera IC, Brouillard F, Tondelier D, Sermet-Gaudelus I, Danel C, Lenoir G, Daniel S, Edelman A and Witko-Sarsat V

    Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Unité 845, Université René Descartes, Hôpital Necker, Paris, France.

    Because neutrophil apoptosis plays a key role in resolving inflammation, identification of proteins regulating neutrophil survival should provide new strategies to modulate inflammation. Using a proteomic approach, coronin-1 was identified as a cytosolic protein cleaved during neutrophil apoptosis. Coronin-1 is an actin-binding protein that can associate with phagosomes and NADPH oxidase, but its involvement in apoptosis was currently unknown. In coronin-1-transfected PLB985 cells, coronin-1 overexpression did not modify the kinetics of granulocyte differentiation as assessed by CD11b labeling. Concerning apoptosis, increased coronin-1 expression in dimethylformamide-differentiated PLB985 significantly decreased gliotoxin-induced mitochondrial depolarization as compared with controls. Likewise, coronin-1 significantly decreased TRAIL-induced apoptosis with less mitochondrial depolarization, caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities, but not caspase-8 or Bid truncation suggesting that coronin-1 interfered with mitochondria-related events. To validate the prosurvival role of coronin-1 in a pathophysiological condition involving neutrophil-dominated inflammation, neutrophils from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients were studied. Circulating neutrophils from CF patients had more coronin-1 expression assessed by immunoblotting or proteomic analysis of cytosolic proteins. This was associated with a lower apoptosis rate than those from controls evidenced by delayed phosphatidylserine externalization and mitochondria depolarization. In addition, inflammatory neutrophils from CF patients lungs showed an intense coronin-1 immunolabeling. We concluded that coronin-1 could constitute a potential target in resolving inflammation.

    Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2009;182;11;7254-63

  • The actin regulator coronin 1A is mutant in a thymic egress-deficient mouse strain and in a patient with severe combined immunodeficiency.

    Shiow LR, Roadcap DW, Paris K, Watson SR, Grigorova IL, Lebet T, An J, Xu Y, Jenne CN, Föger N, Sorensen RU, Goodnow CC, Bear JE, Puck JM and Cyster JG

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.

    Mice carrying the recessive locus for peripheral T cell deficiency (Ptcd) have a block in thymic egress, but the mechanism responsible is undefined. Here we found that Ptcd T cells had an intrinsic migration defect, impaired lymphoid tissue trafficking and irregularly shaped protrusions. Characterization of the Ptcd locus showed a point substitution of lysine for glutamic acid at position 26 in the actin regulator coronin 1A that enhanced its inhibition of the actin regulator Arp2/3 and resulted in its mislocalization from the leading edge of migrating T cells. The discovery of another coronin 1A mutant during an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-mutagenesis screen for T cell-lymphopenic mice prompted us to evaluate a T cell-deficient, B cell-sufficient and natural killer cell-sufficient patient with severe combined immunodeficiency, whom we found had mutations in both CORO1A alleles. Our findings establish a function for coronin 1A in T cell egress, identify a surface of coronin involved in Arp2/3 regulation and demonstrate that actin regulation is a biological process defective in human and mouse severe combined immunodeficiency.

    Funded by: Howard Hughes Medical Institute; NIAID NIH HHS: R01 AI045073, R01 AI045073-07, R01 AI045073-08, R01 AI045073-09, R01 AI045073-10, R01 AI074847, R01 AI074847-01, R01 AI074847-02

    Nature immunology 2008;9;11;1307-15

  • Phorbol ester-dependent phosphorylation regulates the association of p57/coronin-1 with the actin cytoskeleton.

    Oku T, Kaneko Y, Murofushi K, Seyama Y, Toyoshima S and Tsuji T

    Department of Microbiology, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan.

    The p57/coronin-1 protein is a member of the coronin family of actin-binding proteins, which are characterized by the presence of WD (tryptophan/aspartic acid) repeats and a coiled-coil motif in the molecule. It is selectively expressed in immune cells and has been suggested to play crucial roles in leukocyte functions, including cell migration and phagocytosis. In this study we examined the effects of p57/coronin-1 phosphorylation on the association of the protein with actin. Treatment of HL60 human leukemic cells or p57/coronin-1-transfected HEK293 cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) reduced the association of p57/coronin-1 with the actin cytoskeleton, as indicated by cell fractionation experiments and by fluorescence microscopic observation. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of HL60 cell lysate revealed that p57/coronin-1 was phosphorylated upon PMA stimulation of the cells, giving two major and two minor spots of phosphorylated forms, each with distinct isoelectric points. The p57/coronin-1 molecules associated with the cytoskeleton in PMA-treated HL60 cells were phosphorylated at lower levels than those recovered in the cytosolic fraction. In addition, p57/coronin-1 co-sedimented with F-actin polymerized in vitro had lower phosphorylation levels than the molecules remaining in the supernatant. By affinity chromatographic analysis using anti-p57/coronin-1 antibody-conjugated Sepharose, p57/coronin-1 derived from PMA-treated HL60 cells showed lower affinity for actin than that from untreated cells. Finally, recovery of p57/coronin-1 in the actin cytoskeleton-rich fraction from neutrophil-like differentiated HL60 cells decreased during phagocytosis, concomitant with enhanced phosphorylation of p57/coronin-1. These results strongly suggest that the phosphorylation of p57/coronin-1 down-regulates its association with actin and modulates the reorganization of actin-containing cytoskeleton.

    The Journal of biological chemistry 2008;283;43;28918-25

  • Actin-binding proteins coronin-1a and IBA-1 are effective microglial markers for immunohistochemistry.

    Ahmed Z, Shaw G, Sharma VP, Yang C, McGowan E and Dickson DW

    Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

    This study identifies the actin-binding protein, coronin-1a, as a novel and effective immunohistochemical marker for microglia in both cell cultures and in formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Antibodies to coronin-1a effectively immunostained microglia in human, monkey, horse, rat, and mouse tissues, even in tissues stored for long periods of time. The identity of coronin-1a-immunoreactive cells as microglia was confirmed using double immunolabeling with cell type-specific markers as well as by morphological features and the distribution of immunoreactive cells. These properties are shared by another actin-binding protein, IBA-1. Unlike IBA-1, coronin-1a immunoreactivity was also detected in lymphocytes and certain other hematopoietic cells. The results indicate that both coronin-1a and IBA-1 are robust markers for microglia that can be used in routinely processed tissue of humans and animals. Because both coronin-1a and IBA-1 are actin-binding proteins that play a role in rearrangement of the membrane cytoskeleton, it suggests that these proteins are critical to dynamic properties of microglia.

    Funded by: NIA NIH HHS: P01-AG03949, P01-AG17216, P50-AG16574, P50-AG25711, R01-AG20216, R01-AG22595; NINDS NIH HHS: P50-NS40256

    The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society 2007;55;7;687-700

  • Coronin function is required for chemotaxis and phagocytosis in human neutrophils.

    Yan M, Di Ciano-Oliveira C, Grinstein S and Trimble WS

    Programme in Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    Coronins are a family of conserved actin-associated proteins that have been implicated in a variety of cellular processes dependent on actin rearrangements. In this study, we show that in primary human neutrophils, coronins-1-4 and -7 are expressed. Coronin-1 accumulates at the leading edge of migrating neutrophils and at the nascent phagosome. Inhibition of coronin function by transduction of a dominant-negative form of the protein leads to inhibition of chemotaxis and a reduction in neutrophil spreading and adhesion. This inhibition appears to correlate with changes in the distribution of F-actin structures within the cell. In addition, phagocytosis is inhibited, but neither secretion nor activation of the NADPH oxidase appears to be affected. Together, these results show that coronins are required for actin-dependent changes in cell morphology that lead to migration and phagocytosis.

    Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research: 68956

    Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2007;178;9;5769-78

  • Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry.

    Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, Li H, Taylor P, Climie S, McBroom-Cerajewski L, Robinson MD, O'Connor L, Li M, Taylor R, Dharsee M, Ho Y, Heilbut A, Moore L, Zhang S, Ornatsky O, Bukhman YV, Ethier M, Sheng Y, Vasilescu J, Abu-Farha M, Lambert JP, Duewel HS, Stewart II, Kuehl B, Hogue K, Colwill K, Gladwish K, Muskat B, Kinach R, Adams SL, Moran MF, Morin GB, Topaloglou T and Figeys D

    Protana, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    Mapping protein-protein interactions is an invaluable tool for understanding protein function. Here, we report the first large-scale study of protein-protein interactions in human cells using a mass spectrometry-based approach. The study maps protein interactions for 338 bait proteins that were selected based on known or suspected disease and functional associations. Large-scale immunoprecipitation of Flag-tagged versions of these proteins followed by LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis resulted in the identification of 24,540 potential protein interactions. False positives and redundant hits were filtered out using empirical criteria and a calculated interaction confidence score, producing a data set of 6463 interactions between 2235 distinct proteins. This data set was further cross-validated using previously published and predicted human protein interactions. In-depth mining of the data set shows that it represents a valuable source of novel protein-protein interactions with relevance to human diseases. In addition, via our preliminary analysis, we report many novel protein interactions and pathway associations.

    Molecular systems biology 2007;3;89

  • The identification of a new actin-binding region in p57.

    Liu CZ, Chen Y and Sui SF

    Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, State Key Laboratory of Biomembranes, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.

    The actin-binding protein p57 is a member of mammalian coronin-like proteins. The roles of this protein in phagocytic processes conceivably depend on its interactions with F-actin. Two regions, p57(1-34) and p57(111-204), were previously reported to be actin-binding sites. In this study, we found that the C-terminal region of p57, p57(297-461), also possessed F-actin binding activity. Furthermore, the leucine zipper domain at the C-terminus of p57(297-461) was essential for this actin-binding activity. The F-actin cross-linking assay revealed that the region contained in p57(297-461) was sufficient to cross-link actin filaments. Our results strongly suggested that there was a new actin-binding region at the C-terminus of p57.

    Cell research 2006;16;1;106-12

  • Downregulation of TACO gene transcription restricts mycobacterial entry/survival within human macrophages.

    Anand PK and Kaul D

    Department of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012, India.

    Recent reports have indicated that cholesterol-dependent association of tryptophan-aspartate containing coat protein (TACO) plays a crucial role in the entry/survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within human macrophages. Keeping this in view, the present study explored whether the molecules that have the ability to downregulate TACO gene transcription could also restrict entry/survival of mycobacteria within human macrophages. The study revealed that chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), either alone or in combination with retinoic acid (RA), had the inherent capacity to downregulate TACO gene transcription in a dose-dependent fashion. This result was in conformity with the existence of a functional FXR/RXR binding site analyzed in the regulatory region of the TACO gene. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the entry and intracellular survival of M. tuberculosis is significantly restricted in THP-1 macrophages exposed to CDCA/RA. On the basis of these findings, we propose that the CDCA/RA-dependent pathway may open a new possibility for the treatment of tuberculosis.

    Funded by: NIAID NIH HHS: N01 AI75320

    FEMS microbiology letters 2005;250;1;137-44

  • Association of the leukocyte plasma membrane with the actin cytoskeleton through coiled coil-mediated trimeric coronin 1 molecules.

    Gatfield J, Albrecht I, Zanolari B, Steinmetz MO and Pieters J

    Biozentrum, University of Basel, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland.

    Coronin 1 is a member of the coronin protein family specifically expressed in leukocytes and accumulates at sites of rearrangements of the F-actin cytoskeleton. Here, we describe that coronin 1 molecules are coiled coil-mediated homotrimeric complexes, which associate with the plasma membrane and with the cytoskeleton via two distinct domains. Association with the cytoskeleton was mediated by trimerization of a stretch of positively charged residues within a linker region between the N-terminal, WD repeat-containing domain and the C-terminal coiled coil. In contrast, neither the coiled coil nor the positively charged residues within the linker domain were required for plasma membrane binding, suggesting that the N-terminal, WD repeat-containing domain mediates membrane interaction. The capacity of coronin 1 to link the leukocyte cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane may serve to integrate outside-inside signaling with modulation of the cytoskeleton.

    Molecular biology of the cell 2005;16;6;2786-98

  • Homotypic dimerization of the actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1 mediated by a leucine zipper motif in the C-terminal region.

    Oku T, Itoh S, Ishii R, Suzuki K, Nauseef WM, Toyoshima S and Tsuji T

    Department of Microbiology, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-4-41 Ebara, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan.

    The actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1, a member of the coronin protein family, is selectively expressed in immune cells, and has been implicated in leucocyte migration and phagocytosis by virtue of its interaction with F-actin (filamentous actin). We previously identified two sites in the N-terminal region of p57/coronin-1 by which it binds actin, and in the present study we examine the role of the leucine zipper motif located in the C-terminal coiled-coil domain in mediating the homotypic association of p57/coronin-1. Recombinant p57/coronin-1 protein in solution formed a homodimer, as analysed by Superose 12 column chromatography and by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. In vivo, a truncated form consisting of the C-terminal coiled-coil domain co-precipitated with full-length p57/coronin-1 when both were co-expressed in COS-1 cells. A chimaeric construct composed of the C-terminal domain of p57/coronin-1 (which lacks the actin-binding sites) fused with green fluorescent protein co-localized with cortical F-actin-rich regions in COS-1 cells only when full-length p57/coronin-1 was expressed simultaneously in the cells, suggesting that the C-terminal region is required for the homotypic association of p57/coronin-1. Furthermore, p57LZ, a polypeptide consisting of the C-terminal 90 amino acid residues of p57/coronin-1, was sufficient for dimerization. When two leucine residues out of the four that constitute the leucine zipper structure in p57LZ or full-length p57 were replaced with alanine residues, the mutants failed to form homodimers. Taken together, these results demonstrate that p57/coronin-1 forms homodimers, that the association is mediated by the leucine zipper structure in the C-terminal region, and that it plays a role in the cross-linking of F-actin in the cell.

    Funded by: BLRD VA: I01 BX000513; NIAID NIH HHS: AI 034879-17, R01 AI034879, R56 AI034879

    The Biochemical journal 2005;387;Pt 2;325-31

  • The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).

    Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Morrin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J and MGC Project Team

    The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline.

    Funded by: PHS HHS: N01-C0-12400

    Genome research 2004;14;10B;2121-7

  • Circular rapid amplification of cDNA ends for high-throughput extension cloning of partial genes.

    Fu GK, Wang JT, Yang J, Au-Young J and Stuve LL

    Incyte Corporation, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. gfu@incyte.com

    The rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) procedure is a widely used PCR-based method to clone the cDNA ends of mRNA transcripts. Current RACE methods often produce a high background of nonspecific PCR products, which can exclude the identification of the target cDNA of interest. We describe here an improved RACE procedure using circular cDNA templates and demonstrate the successful extension cloning of 4406 cDNAs.

    Genomics 2004;84;1;205-10

  • Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.

    Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T and Sugano S

    Helix Research Institute, 1532-3 Yana, Kisarazu, Chiba 292-0812, Japan.

    As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.

    Nature genetics 2004;36;1;40-5

  • Two regions responsible for the actin binding of p57, a mammalian coronin family actin-binding protein.

    Oku T, Itoh S, Okano M, Suzuki A, Suzuki K, Nakajin S, Tsuji T, Nauseef WM and Toyoshima S

    Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.

    The actin-binding protein p57, a member of the coronin protein family, is expressed in a variety of immune cells. It has five WD repeats and a coiled-coil motif containing a leucine zipper, both of which are known to mediate protein-protein interactions. In order to identify the precise actin-binding regions in p57, and to assess the contribution of these structural motifs, we prepared various truncated p57 as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase (GST) and examined their actin-binding activity. A co-sedimentation assay demonstrated that p57(1-371) (C-terminal truncated p57) had the ability to bind F-actin, but p57(372-461) (a fragment containing the coiled-coil motif) did not. A segment consisting of the N-terminal 34 amino acids of p57 (p57(1-34)) was found to bind to F-actin in the co-sedimentation assay. Furthermore, fluorescence microscopic observation showed that p57(1-34) was co-localized with F-actin in COS-1 cells after the transfection with the p57(1-34) construct. Deletion of (10)KFRHVF(15), a sequence conserved among coronin-related proteins, from p57(1-34) abolished its actin-binding activity, suggesting that this sequence with basic and hydrophobic amino acids is crucial for p57 to bind to F-actin. However, the N-terminal deletion mutant p57(63-461) retained the binding ability to F-actin. This result suggests the presence of a second actin-binding region. Further deletion analysis revealed that p57(111-204), which includes the second and third WD repeats, also exhibited weak actin-binding activity in the co-sedimentation assay. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that at least two regions within Met-1 to Asp-34 and Ile-111 to Glu-204 of p57 are responsible for its binding to the actin cytoskeleton.

    Funded by: BLRD VA: I01 BX000513; NIAID NIH HHS: R01AI34879

    Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin 2003;26;4;409-16

  • The role of protein kinase C in the transient association of p57, a coronin family actin-binding protein, with phagosomes.

    Itoh S, Suzuki K, Nishihata J, Iwasa M, Oku T, Nakajin S, Nauseef WM and Toyoshima S

    Department of Biochemistry, Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan. s-itoh@hoshi.ac.jp

    Phagocytosis of opsonized zymosan (OpZ) particles by differentiated cells of the human leukemic cell line HL-60 induced transient periphagosomal association of p57, a coronin family actin-binding protein, and F-actin with dissociation from the phagosomes after ingestion was completed. Coincident with OpZ ingestion, p57 phosphorylation increased transiently and peaked with its dissociation from phagosomes. Since p57 contains several putative sites for protein kinase C (PKC) phosphorylation, we examined the effect of PKC on p57 phosphorylation and association with the phagosome. Purified p57 was phosphorylated in vitro by PKC isoforms alpha and delta, and PMA, an activator of PKC, induced p57 phosphorylation in HL-60 cells. Furthermore, chelerythrine, a specific PKC inhibitor, blocked p57 phosphorylation and the dissociation of p57 and F-actin from phagosomes, whereas wortmannin, genistein, and H-89 did not. Chelerythrine also inhibited the translocation of LAMP-1, a marker protein of lysosomes, to the OpZ-containing phagosomes, indicating that PKC-mediated phosphorylation is required for phagosome-lysosome fusion. Taken together, these data suggest that PKC-mediated phosphorylation of p57 triggers its dissociation from phagosomes, an event that may be necessary for the fusion of phagosomes with lysosomes.

    Funded by: BLRD VA: I01 BX000513; NIAID NIH HHS: R01 AI34879

    Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin 2002;25;7;837-44

  • Evidence for a pool of coronin in mammalian cells that is sensitive to PI 3-kinase.

    Didichenko SA, Segal AW and Thelen M

    Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Bellinzona, Switzerland.

    Coronin, a 57 kDa actin binding protein elutes with an apparent molecular mass of 400-600 kDa from gel filtration columns. This fraction is not unrelated to the reported 200 kDa complex where coronin is associated with phox proteins of the NADPH-oxidase. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) solubilizes coronin from the 400-600 kDa complex, thus constitutive active PI 3-kinase is sufficient to disrupt the complex, whereas wortmannin stabilizes it. Conversely, the phox protein associated pool of coronin is PI 3-kinase independent. During phagocytosis coronin is recruited together with PI 3-kinase to membranes of nascent and early phagosomes co-localizing with the actin cytoskeleton, confirming that coronin contributes to phagocytosis.

    FEBS letters 2000;485;2-3;147-52

  • Thrombospondin-1 binds to polyhistidine with high affinity and specificity.

    Vanguri VK, Wang S, Godyna S, Ranganathan S and Liau G

    Department of Vascular Biology, Jerome H. Holland Laboratory, American Red Cross, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.

    Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) is a secreted trimeric glycoprotein of 450 kDa with demonstrated effects on cell growth, adhesion and migration. Its complex biological activity is attributed to its ability to bind to cell-surface receptors, growth factors and extracellular-matrix proteins. In this study, we used a (125)I solid-phase binding assay to demonstrate that TSP1 binds specifically to proteins containing polyhistidine stretches. Based on studies with three different six-histidine-containing recombinant proteins, we derived an average dissociation constant of 5 nM. The binding of (125)I-labelled TSP1 to these proteins was inhibited by peptides containing histidine residues, with the degree of competition being a function of the number of histidines within the peptide. Binding was not inhibited by excess histidine or imidazole, indicating that the imidazole ring is not sufficient for recognition by TSP1. Heparin was a potent inhibitor of binding with a K(i) of 50 nM, suggesting that the heparin-binding domain of TSP1 may be involved in this interaction. This was confirmed by the ability of a recombinant heparin-binding domain of TSP1 to directly compete for TSP1 binding to polyhistidine-containing proteins. Affinity chromatography with a polyhistidine-containing peptide immobilized on agarose revealed that TSP1 in platelet releasates is the major polypeptide retained on the six-histidine-peptide column. We conclude that TSP1 contains a high-affinity binding site for polyhistidine and this is likely to be the molecular basis for the observed binding of TSP1 to histidine-rich glycoprotein. The possibility that other polyhistidine-containing proteins also interact with TSP1 warrants further study.

    Funded by: NHLBI NIH HHS: HL37510, HL56063

    The Biochemical journal 2000;347;Pt 2;469-73

  • A coat protein on phagosomes involved in the intracellular survival of mycobacteria.

    Ferrari G, Langen H, Naito M and Pieters J

    Basel Institute for Immunology, Switzerland.

    Mycobacteria are intracellular pathogens that can survive within macrophage phagosomes, thereby evading host defense strategies by largely unknown mechanisms. We have identified a WD repeat host protein that was recruited to and actively retained on phagosomes by living, but not dead, mycobacteria. This protein, termed TACO, represents a component of the phagosome coat that is normally released prior to phagosome fusion with or maturation into lysosomes. In macrophages lacking TACO, mycobacteria were readily transported to lysosomes followed by their degradation. Expression of TACO in nonmacrophages prevented lysosomal delivery of mycobacteria and prolonged their intracellular survival. Active retention of TACO on phagosomes by living mycobacteria thus represents a mechanism preventing cargo delivery to lysosomes, allowing mycobacteria to survive within macrophages.

    Cell 1999;97;4;435-47

  • Definition of family of coronin-related proteins conserved between humans and mice: close genetic linkage between coronin-2 and CD45-associated protein.

    Okumura M, Kung C, Wong S, Rodgers M and Thomas ML

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

    Cell adhesion and signal transduction are coordinated processes that may be linked through regulatory elements such as actin-binding proteins. One such protein that may fulfill this role is coronin. In Dictyostelium discoideum, coronin is involved in cellular processes such as mitosis, cell motility, and phagocytosis. In addition, a human coronin, p57, has been described which interacts with the p47 component of phox proteins and may be involved in the formation of phagocytic vacuoles. Here, we describe a family of four mouse proteins which share 38% identity with Dictyostelium coronin and thus are designated coronin-1, -2, -3, and -4. The gene for coronin-2 is localized to mouse chromosome 19, 5' of the gene for CD45-associated protein. All the coronin proteins contain five highly conserved WD domains. However, their carboxyl regions are quite distinct. Three of the four proteins are ubiquitously expressed, whereas coronin-1, the mouse ortholog of p57, demonstrates expression restricted to hematopoietic cells. Comparison of expressed sequence tag cDNAs indicates that coronin-1, -2, -3, and -4 are highly conserved between mice and humans.

    Funded by: NIAID NIH HHS: AI26363

    DNA and cell biology 1998;17;9;779-87

  • Cytosolic phox proteins interact with and regulate the assembly of coronin in neutrophils.

    Grogan A, Reeves E, Keep N, Wientjes F, Totty NF, Burlingame AL, Hsuan JJ and Segal AW

    Department of Medicine, University College London, London WC1E 6JJ, UK.

    The NADPH oxidase generates microbicidal superoxide in phagocytes, and when defective it leads to chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Oxidase specific proteins in the cytosol, p47phox and p67phox, as well as the small GTP binding protein p21rac are important for activation of superoxide production. Because the activity of this oxidase is normally tightly restricted to the phagocytic vacuole, and its temporal and spatial organisation might be regulated by cytoskeletal proteins, we examined the cytosolic phox proteins for interactions with cytoskeletal elements. p67phox copurified with a 57 kDa protein, identified as coronin, an actin binding protein that is important for movement and phagocytosis in Dictyostelium. Binding studies revealed that coronin attaches to the C-terminal half of p40phox, a binding partner of p67phox. The phox proteins and coronin had a similar distribution in the cell, and both accumulated around the phagocytic vacuole. PMA activation of adherent neutrophils resulted in a major rearrangement of these proteins, and of actin, which were lost from the periphery of the cell and condensed around the nucleus. The rearrangement of F-actin and coronin in adherent cells, were absent, or markedly diminished, in cells from patients lacking p47phox or p67phox in which an abnormally large proportion of the coronin was present as part of a large complex. The cytosolic phox proteins might play a regulatory role in the reorganisation of the cytoskeleton accompanying superoxide generation.

    Journal of cell science 1997;110 ( Pt 24);3071-81

  • Molecular cloning of a novel actin-binding protein, p57, with a WD repeat and a leucine zipper motif.

    Suzuki K, Nishihata J, Arai Y, Honma N, Yamamoto K, Irimura T and Toyoshima S

    Pharmaceutical Basic Research Laboratories, Japan Tobacco Inc., Kanagawa.

    A 57 kDa protein (p57) was obtained during the study on phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. Its cDNA was isolated from calf spleen and human leukemia cell line HL60 libraries and cloned. In the primary structures of p57, they have two unique amino acid sequence motifs, a WD repeat and a leucine zipper motif. Furthermore, p57 shared sequence similarity (40%) with coronin, an actin-binding protein responsible for chemotaxis, cell motility, and cytokinesis of Dictyostelium discoideum, which has only the WD repeat. p57 also showed an actin-binding activity and was mainly expressed in immune tissues. From these results, we conclude that p57 is a coronin-like novel actin-binding protein in mammalian cells but may also have a different function from coronin.

    FEBS letters 1995;364;3;283-8

  • Microsequences of 145 proteins recorded in the two-dimensional gel protein database of normal human epidermal keratinocytes.

    Rasmussen HH, van Damme J, Puype M, Gesser B, Celis JE and Vandekerckhove J

    Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Aarhus University, Denmark.

    Microsequencing of proteins recovered from two-dimensional (2-D) gels is being used systematically to identify proteins in the master human keratinocyte 2-D gel database. To date, about 250 protein spots recorded in human 2-D gel databases have been microsequenced and, of these, 145 are recorded in the keratinocyte database under the entry partial amino acid sequence. Coomassie Brilliant Blue-stained protein spots cut from several (up to 40) dry gels were concentrated by elution-concentration gel electrophoresis, electroblotted onto PVDF membranes and digested in situ with trypsin. Eluting peptides were separated by reversed-phase HPLC, collected individually and sequenced. Computer search using the FASTA and TFASTA programs from Genetics Computer Group indicated that 110 of the microsequenced polypeptides shared significant similarity with proteins contained in the PIR, Mipsx or GenEMBL databases. Only 35 polypeptides corresponded to hitherto unknown proteins. Peptide sequences of all 145 proteins are listed together with their coordinates (apparent molecular weight and pI) in the keratinocyte database.

    Electrophoresis 1992;13;12;960-9

Gene lists (5)

Gene List Source Species Name Description Gene count
L00000009 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSD Human orthologues of mouse PSD adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1080
L00000016 G2C Homo sapiens Human PSP Human orthologues of mouse PSP adapted from Collins et al (2006) 1121
L00000059 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-CONSENSUS Human cortex PSD consensus 748
L00000069 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-HUMAN-PSD-FULL Human cortex biopsy PSD full list 1461
L00000071 G2C Homo sapiens BAYES-COLLINS-MOUSE-PSD-FULL Mouse cortex PSD full list (ortho) 1556
© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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