G2Cdb::Allele report

Mutation type
SNP

Altered genes (1)

Gene Symbol Species Description
G00001444 PPP2R1A Homo sapiens protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit A, alpha

Diseases (1)

Disease Description Nervous effect
D00000105 Breast carcinoma N

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Low frequency of alterations of the alpha (PPP2R1A) and beta (PPP2R1B) isoforms of the subunit A of the serine-threonine phosphatase 2A in human neoplasms.

    Calin GA, di Iasio MG, Caprini E, Vorechovsky I, Natali PG, Sozzi G, Croce CM, Barbanti-Brodano G, Russo G and Negrini M

    Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Diagnostica, Sezione di Microbiologia, Universitá di Ferrara, via Luigi Borsari, 46, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy.

    The phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is one of the major cellular serine-threonine phosphatases. It was recently shown that the gene encoding for the beta isoform of its subunit A, PPP2R1B, is altered in human lung and colorectal carcinomas, suggesting a role in human tumorigenesis. Here, we report the detection of mutations in breast, lung carcinomas and melanomas in the genes of both alpha (PPP2R1A) and beta isoforms. Mutations affecting PPP2R1B were found in four breast carcinomas, while mutations in PPP2R1A were found in carcinomas of the breast and of the lung and in one melanoma. Most of the mutations affecting PPP2R1B were exons deletions, suggesting abnormal splicing. These splicing abnormalities were detected in tumor samples in the absence of the normal splicing product, and were not found in several normal controls. In one case, a homozygous deletion present in tumor DNA, and not in the matched normal control was demonstrated. Mutations affecting the PPP2R1A gene were nucleotide substitutions changing highly conserved amino acids and one frame-shift. Although the frequency of alterations is low, the inclusion of both isoforms of subunit A in the genes mutated in human cancer and the addition of breast cancer to the list of neoplasms in which PPP2R1B is altered, strengthen the potential role of PP2A in human tumorogenesis.

    Oncogene 2000;19;9;1191-5

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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